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by: Emily Johnson

MWFHistory2010StudyGuide1.pdf History 2010

Marketplace > Austin Peay State University > History > History 2010 > MWFHistory2010StudyGuide1 pdf
Emily Johnson
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About this Document

Study guide for the first history exam.
American History I
Wallace Cross
Study Guide
Columbus, history, new world, england, Spain, france, Portugal
50 ?




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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Johnson on Friday September 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to History 2010 at Austin Peay State University taught by Wallace Cross in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see American History I in History at Austin Peay State University.


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Date Created: 09/23/16
MWF History 2010 Study Guide 1 2 preconditions needed for European colonization: 1. Spread of new technology. 2. Rise of the nation-state. 3 limitations on New England migration: 1. Most English Puritans remained in England to see what God had in store for England and the Puritan experiment in Massachusetts 2. The Puritans accounted for only 30% of the English people who went to the colonies. 3. The Puritan immigration was very brief (1630-1643); after 1643 this immigration fell to only a trickle 4 Middle colonies:​ Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. 5 maritime innovations: 1. Caravel ships with lateen sails. 2. Magnetic Compass 3. Astrolabe 4. Oceanic charts 5. Printing press 5 theories used to explain the Salem witch hunts: 1. A general background of superstition. 2. The Puritans experienced a loss of their mission and purpose by the 1680’s. Scores of people became preoccupied with material pleasures and comforts. Puritan youth became alienated from world of their parents, especially with regards to the long conversion process. 3. In 1691 Massachusetts became a royal colony. The king now appointed the governor. The Puritans lost their exclusive religious status and had to respect other Protestant denomination’s right to worship in the colony. Vote now based on land ownership. 4. Fears of a Catholic conspiracy to destroy Protestantism. 5. Increase and Cotton Mathers – These father and son ministers urged that the devil was at work in the area and needed to be rooted out. Their sermons and writings added to the witch hysteria. Antinomianism:​ In Christianity, an antinomian is one who takes the principle of salvation by faith and divine grace to the point of asserting that the saved are not bound to follow the Law of Moses. The distinction between antinomian and other Christian views on moral law is that antinomians believe that obedience to the law is motivated by an internal principle flowing from belief rather than from any external compulsion. Board of Trade:​ initially established to investigate the causes of a decline in trade and consequent financial difficulties, eventually originated the idea of transforming colonies in America into Royal Colonies, for the purpose of securing English trade against the French. Cecilius Calvert:​ first governor of Maryland, also played a role in the Colony of Newfoundland. Passed the Maryland Toleration Act, also known as the "Act Concerning Religion", mandating religious tolerance for Trinitarian Christians only Charter of Liberties:​ act passed by New York to lay out the political organization of the colony. Dale Codes/Law of 1612​: It organized the colony into a quasi military corp committed to compulsory work on common projects. Severe penalties were inflicted on those who failed to work or share in military obligations Discourse on Western Planting: ​ written by Richard Hakluyt to convince Queen Elizabeth I to support the colonization schemes of Walter Raleigh and to encourage English merchants and gentry to invest in those enterprises. Dominion of New England:​ an administrative union of English colonies covering New England and the Mid-Atlantic Colonies. Represented centralized control much like that of the Spanish. Encompassed a large area from the Delaware River up to Maine. East India Company:​ English joint-stock company that accounted for half of the world’s trade. Edmund Andros:​ governed New York, East and West Jersey, Virginia, and Maryland. Negotiated several treaties with the Iriquois. Frances Drake:​ carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, inaugurated an era of privateering and piracy in the western coast of the Americas. Fundamental Constitution of the Carolinas:​ formed government for the Carolina colony from 1669 to 1698. main purposes were to protect Proprietary interests and to avoid the creation of a democracy; proprietors used the constitutions to try to establish a feudal government and society. Essentially gave the most political power to the elite while still protecting the rights of small land owners. Georgia:​ last of the 13 colonies to be established. Corporate charter was granted to James Oglethorpe. He envisioned a colony that would be a haven for English subjects who had been imprisoned for debt. He had very strict laws, such as the banning of alcohol. He disagreed with slavery. Headright System:​ Anyone who paid the passage to Virginia, including himself, earned 50 acres of land. Joint stock colony:​ Colony owned by a commercial joint-stock company (sold high risk stocks to the public in order to fund the colony) Maryland:​ governed by Lord Baltimore. Religious strife among Anglicans, Puritans, and Quakers was common in the early years, in spite of its religious tolerance. Maryland’s economy was centered around tobacco, which increased indentured servitude. Mayflower Compact:​ the first governing document of Plymouth. Mercantilism: ​promoted governmental regulation of a nation's economy for the purpose of augmenting state power at the expense of rival national powers. Helped England colonize. New Amsterdam:​ established by Minuit, located on Manhattan Island, modern day NYC. New Netherlands:​ New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Connecticut, with small outposts in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. conceived as a private business venture to exploit the North American fur trade Pennsylvania:​ ​the most important of the middle colonies owed its settlement to a religious group known as Quakers (officially called the Society of Friends) organized by George Fox in England in the 1650’s Peter Minuit:​ purchased Manhattan Island from Native Americans. It later became the city of New Amsterdam, modern day NYC. Bought Manhattan Island for traded goods valued at 60 guilders. Predestination/Calvinism:​ the concept that God predetermines who will be saved and who will not. Proprietary colony:​ Colony owned by one or more individuals. Roanoke:​ the “Lost Colony”. Queen Elizabeth’s 16th century attempt at colonization. It disappeared during the Anglo-Spanish war. It was deemed a failure. Roger Williams:​ best known for his advocacy of separation of church and state. Was expelled by Puritan leaders from Massachusetts. Royal/crown colony:​ Colony run by the English government. Staple Act:​ crafted by King Charles II, English merchants and manufactures, and enacted by the English Parliament. written for the purpose of increasing revenues from colonial trade for the crown and the other parties involved in its design. Gave England a monopoly of all European manufactured goods shipped to colonial America. The Treaty of Tordesillas: ​ divided the newly discovered world outside of europe between Portugal and Spain. The line of demarcation fell in the Cape Verde islands. The land to the east belonged to Portugal and the land to the west went to Spain.


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