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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 6

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CSU - PSY 320 - Class Notes - Week 6

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background image 9/19/16 
Other Trauma Related Disorders 
­ Acute stress disorder ­ occurs with traumas similar to PTSD  ● Lasts no longer than 4 weeks  ­ Adjustment disorder ­ emotional and behavioral symptoms arise within three weeks   
Phobias 
­ Unreasonable or irrational fears of specific objects or situations  ● Common phobias:  ○ Arachnophobia ­ fear of spiders 
○ Ophidiophobia ­ fear of snakes 
○ Acrophobia ­ fear of heights 
○ Agoraphobia ­ fear of open or crowded spaces 
○ Cynophobia ­ fear of dogs 
○ Astraphobia ­ fear of thunder/lightning 
○ Claustrophobia ­ fear of small spaces 
○ Mysophobia ­ fear of germs 
○ Aerophobia ­ fear of flying 
○ Trypophobia ­ fear of holes 
● Categories according to DSM­5  ○ Animal type  ■ Snakes & spiders  ○ Natural environment type  ■ Heights  ○ Situation type  ■ Claustrophobia  ○ Blood­injection­injury type  ■ Germs & disease 
■ Dentist & doctor 
­ Theories of Phobias  ● Behavioral  ○ Negative reinforcement ­ anxiety is reduced by avoidance 
○ Classical conditioning ­ conditioning to certain objects or situations 
■ Little Albert  ● Biological  ○ Related people share phobias  ­ Treatment of Phobias  ● Exposure to extinguish fear  ○ Systematic desensitization ­ start with it far away from you (mentally and  then physically)  ○ Modeling ­ showing that other people are calm and okay with situation 
○ Flooding ­ have them face fear right away 
● Applied tension technique  
background image ○ Tension increases blood pressure to keep from fainting  ● Biological treatment ­ Benzodiazepines    
Social Anxiety Disorder 
­ Anxiety in social situations  ● Rejected, judged, or humiliated in public 
● Focus on avoiding such events 
● More common in women 
● Develops often in adolescence  
­ Treatment for Social Anxiety Disorder  ● Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) 
● Serotonin­norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) 
● Cognitive­behavioral therapy 
○ Identifying negative cognitions and dispute them 
○ Role playing 
● Mindfulness­based interventions   
9/21/16 
Panic Disorder 
­ Panic attacks ­ short extremely intense periods when someone experiences many 
anxiety symptoms  
● Symptoms:  ○ Racing heart  
○ Difficulty breathing ­ compressed 
○ Sweating  
○ Racing thoughts 
○ Hyperventilating  
○ Trembling/shaking 
○ Trouble sleeping ­ intrusive thoughts  
● Panic attacks become common and unprovoked 
● Worry about having panic attacks and change behaviors as result ­ like not going 
out in public because they don’t want to have a panic attack in front of someone  ● Fear of having a life threatening illness ­ think they are having a heart attack  sometimes  ­ Theories of Panic Disorder  ● Heritability 43­48% 
● Triggers: 
○ Hyperventilating  ■ Ex: being out of breath from running can be like opening the  floodgates for all the other symptoms  ○ Ingest caffeine 
○ Breathing into a paper bag ­ breath in CO2, makes it harder to breath 
● Involvement of limbic system 

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Martha Amberg
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: PSY320, abnormalpsychology, Amberg, and Psychology
Name: PSY 320 Week 5 Notes
Description: Lecture notes for week 5 Prof Amberg Phobias, OCD and other anxiety disorders
Uploaded: 09/23/2016
6 Pages 27 Views 21 Unlocks
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