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OK STATE / Engineering / BIOL 1515 / What is aponeurosis?

What is aponeurosis?

What is aponeurosis?

Description

School: Oklahoma State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Fundamentals of Anantomy and Physiology
Professor: Ben sanders
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: anatomy, Physiology, and Oklahoma State University
Cost: 50
Name: Exam 2 - ch. 6 - 11
Description: Part one of study guide. Just wanted to get you all as much as I could to start with
Uploaded: 09/23/2016
13 Pages 31 Views 3 Unlocks
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TEST 2: CHAPTER 6-11 STUDY GUIDEWe also discuss several other topics like What are the 5 critical thinking skills?

If you want to learn more check out What does the bill of rights accomplish?

A.      Know the difference of Aponeurosis & Tendons

  • Aponeurosis:

-tendinous sheet that attaches a broad, flat muscle to another muscle or several bones of skeleton

  • Associated with large muscles of the skull, lower back, and abdomen with tendons and ligaments of palms of hand and soles of feet.
  • Tendon: (dense connective tissue) are connective tissue proper but have very different structural and functional characteristics
  •  Attach skeletal muscles to bones
  • Collagen fibers run along the longitudinal axis of the tendon and transfer pull of contracting muscle to the bone.

Don't forget about the age old question of What is the direction of the flow of income and spending in the circular flow model?

B.      Study Pictures of the Front and Back Muscles

  • Be able to label major ones

We also discuss several other topics like Explain why lithium metal is not chemically stable.

C.      Sternocleidomastoid

– extends from clavicle to sternum to the mastoid region of the skull (largest muscle in neck)

  • Origin: two bellies, clavicular head attaches to sternal end of clavicle, sternal head attaches to manubrium
  •  Insertion: mastoid region of skull & lateral portion of superior nuchal line

If you want to learn more check out What is explained by the multipath model of mental disorders?

D.      Con’t. Sternocleidomastoid

  • Action: flex the neck together alone, one side bends, head toward shoulder and turns face to opposite side

We also discuss several other topics like Enumerate the different types of variables.

E.       Hyoid: only bone that does not have bone-to-bone articulation

  • Note: Can’t say “hi” without the hyoid.
  •  Articulation: stylohyoid ligaments connect the lesser horns to styloid processes of the temporal bones
  • The body of hyoid is attachment site for muscles of larynx, tongue and pharynx.
  • Complete ossification and fusion around 25-30 years old

  •  Muscles: mylohyoid: provides muscular floor to the mouth aided by the deeper
  1.  Geniohyoid: muscles that extend between the hyoid bone and chin
  2. Stylohyoid: muscle that forms a muscular connection between the hyoid and the styloid process of skull
  3. Omohyoid muscle attaches to scapula the clavicle and first rib and hyoid bone. Other members of this group are strap-like muscles between sternum and larynx (sternothyroid) (sternohyoid)
  4. Con't hyoid: In between larynx and hyoid (thyrohyoid)
  5. Scalene muscles: oblique group of muscles in neck include scalene, intercostal and transverse muscles of thorax
  •  Scalene: (interior, middle, and posterior) elevate the first two ribs and assist in flexion of neck. It helps in deep breathing.
  • Origin: transverses and costal processes of cervical vertebrae
  • Insertion: superior surfaces of first two ribs
  • Innervation: involves cervical spinal nerves

6.       Risorius: (laughter) named after mood expressed

  • Risor means “a laughter”
  • Origin: fascia surrounding parotid salivary gland
  •  Insertion: angle of mouth
  • Action: draws corner of mouth to the side (smile)

7.       Extrinsic Eye Muscles: know which way make eye go

  • Inferior rectus: origin – sphenoid around optic canal
  • Innervation: oculomotor nerve
  • Insertion: inferior, medial surface of eyeball
  •  Action: looks down
  • Medial rectus: origin – sphenoid around optic canal
  • Insertion: medical surface of eyeball
  • Action: looks medially (towards muscle)
  • Innervation: oculomotor nerve

  • Superior rectus: origin – sphenoid around optical canal
  • Insertion – superior surface of eyeball
  • Action: looks up (superior)
  • Innervation: oculomotor nerve

  •  Lateral rectus: origin – sphenoid around optic canal
  • Insertion: lateral surface of eyeball
  • Action: looks laterally (away)
  •  Innervation: abducens nerve

  • Inferior Oblique: origin – maxilla and anterior portion of orbit
  • insertion: inferior, lateral surface of eyeball
  • Action: eye rolls, looks up and laterally (away)
  • innervation: oculomotor nerve
  • Oblique is an angle

  • Superior Oblique: origin – sphenoid around optic canal
  • Insertion – superior, lateral structure of eyeball
  • Action: eye rolls, looks down and laterally (away)
  •  Innervation: trochlear nerve
  • Goes through the trochlea

  • Rotator Cuff – SITS muscles. It supports the shoulder and limits its ROM.
  •  S – supraspinatus
  •  I – infraspinatus
  • T – teres Minor
  • S - subscapularis

 

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