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Midterm Study Guides for Psych 100

by: Sarah Gordon

Midterm Study Guides for Psych 100 psy-p 101

Marketplace > Indiana University > Psychology (PSYC) > psy-p 101 > Midterm Study Guides for Psych 100
Sarah Gordon
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes are going to be on the midterm exam.
Introductory Psychology I
Irene Vlachos-Weber
Study Guide
Psychology, Intro to Psychology, midterm
50 ?




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This 20 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Gordon on Friday September 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to psy-p 101 at Indiana University taught by Irene Vlachos-Weber in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology I in Psychology (PSYC) at Indiana University.

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Date Created: 09/23/16
The Science of Psychology I. Defining Psychology  A. Psyche 1. 2. B. Logos C. Original def: D. Today’s def: II. Contemporary Perspectives: use chart provided  Contemporary Perspectives Perspective Subject Matter Behavior explained by: Biological Behavioral Cognitive Psychoanalytic Humanistic III. Ψ as a profession  A. Clinical & Counseling B. Academic 1. 2. C. Psychology v. Psychiatry 1. 2. IV. Defining Science A. science: 1. 2. B. 3 characteristics 1. systematic empiricism: a. b. 2. public: 3. solvable problems:  C. Data base = behavior 1. 2. D. Goals of psychology: 1. description a. b. c. d.   2. explanation a. b. c.   3. prediction a. b.  4. control V. Steps of the Scientific Method  A. Answer ?s re: behavior B. 5 steps: 1. Observation: a. b. 2. Theory: a. b.  3. Hypothesis: a. b. c. 4. Choose a method of research: 5. Results 6. Apply results back to theory   VI. Research Methods  A. Experiments  1. Most powerful  2. Can control conditions  a. Independent variable (I.V.) 1) 2) b. Dependent variable (D.V.) 1) 2) 3. Confounds 4. Test hypothesis: a. 1) 2) b. B. Correlation  1. use when =   2. ex:   3. correlation coefficient: a. positive correlation: b. negative correlation:   c. zero correlation:    4. Problems w/ correlation: a. can’t infer causality: b. directionality: rd c. 3  variable:            The Neuron    I. Why study brain and nervous system? II. Neuron  A. Basic element of Nervous System  1. specialized cell = 2. approximately B. Structure  1. Soma  2. Dendrites a. receive b. collect 3. Axon a. b. C. Types of neurons  1. Sensory a. b. c. 2. Motor:  3. Interneuron a. b. c. D. Glia (Glial cells) 1. 2. E. How neurons communicate:  electro­chemical  1. Overview a. electrical: b. chemical: 2. Electrical: Action Potential a. electrical impulse =   b. neurons = 1) inside: 2) outside: c. shift in charge causes AP   1) cell membrane: a) ions: b) membrane =   2) resting neuron: a) resting = b) polarized = 1] 2] 3] 3) stimulated neuron: a) depolarized 1] 2] a] b] 3] b) cell = repolarized 4) all­or­none law: 5) rate of speed: a) b) 3. Chemical: Synaptic Transmission a. destination of AP = 1) synapse 2) AP a) b) 1] 2] b. AP  1) NT 2) NT a) b) 3) when opened = 4) c. NT reaches postsynaptic neuron 1) 2) a) b) 2 possible results 1] NT depolarizes a] b] 2] NT further polarizes a] b] 3) postsynaptic cell 4) a) reuptake= b) degradation= d. NT 1) Acetylcholine: a) b) 2) Dopamine: a) b) 3) Serotonin a) b) 4)  Endorphins II. Brain: structure & function  A. Central Core = brainstem  1. medulla  a. b. 2. cerebellum  a. b. c. d. 3. thalamus  a. b. c. 4. hypothalamus  a.   b.   1)   2) 4 Fs:   a)   b)   c) 5. reticular formation  a. b. B. Limbic System  1. 2.   a. b. c. C. Cerebrum  1. cerebral cortex:  a.    b. 1) 2) 3) c. d. 2. 2 cerebral hemispheres   a. right & left:  b. 3. 4 lobes  a. frontal:  1) primary motor cortex:  2) association areas:  b. parietal:  1) primary somatosensory cortex:  a) b) 2) c. occipital:  d. temporal:  


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