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News Reporting & Writing Midterm Study Guide

by: Joshua Crump

News Reporting & Writing Midterm Study Guide MMJ 3331

Marketplace > Georgia Southern University > Journalism > MMJ 3331 > News Reporting Writing Midterm Study Guide
Joshua Crump
GPA 3.71

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These notes cover the first 5 chapters of the textbook that will be covered on the midterm.
News Reporting and Writing
Mike Mcilvain
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Joshua Crump on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MMJ 3331 at Georgia Southern University taught by Mike Mcilvain in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see News Reporting and Writing in Journalism at Georgia Southern University.


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Date Created: 09/24/16
Tuesday, September 27, y Media Production Midterm SG Chapter 1 ­ Convergence: blending of the media  ­ Matt Drudge blogs: allow anyone to publish thoughts reactions on web sites ­ 1st Amendment: freedom of religion, press, assemble, petition government , speech  ­ 04’: 44% of people believe news to be reported fairly, • people don't think journalists make stories interesting/understandable,  • people think they're biased, don’t fact check, & don’t care what public thinks  ­ attribution: letting listeners know who was making the claims  ­ Timeline: • 1898: Yellow Journalsm,  • 1937: Herbet Morrisons Hindenburg crash report,  • 1940: Ed Murrow live radio broadcasts London Blitz  • 1972: Deep throat Watergate Scandal,  • 1975: TV broadcast of Vietnam War,  • 1986: Video of crash of Challengers and you can play/replay it   • 2001: NY share photos/videos of 9/11 2003: Full online coverage of Iraq  Chapter 2 ­ People are abandoning newspapers and tv news and seeking specialized media  ­ Journalists miss/underplay stories of great concern to their audiences and devote too much time to stories of little interest   1 Tuesday, September 27, y ­ Scoop: breaking stories, knowing how other stories has been covered ­ Agenda setting media: NY Times, Washing Post, Wall street, LA times, USA  today, Time magazine, newsweek, World report, US News, ABC, CBS, NBC,  CNN, Fox, MSNBC ­ give audience news it cant get anywhere else  ­ News values: Impact, Prominence, Unusualness, Currency, Conflict, Timeliness,  Proximity  • I: indirect and direct • P: names make news • U: out of the ordinary  • C: direct tie to stories already in news • C: battle w/ people, nature, other people, disease, etc • T: how recent an event happened • P: physical nearness, one that occurred closest to your audience  ­ affinity: shared characteristics, want stories with strong emotional content  Chapter 3 ­ Invisible Web: databases maintained by government business, universities, and other sources ­ Beat: specific geographical location (suburb/hood) topical –education, local gov. or  high school sports. Types of beats below • Business/economics beats, consumer info.  • Education, health, medicine, police/courts,  • religion, science, environment, transportation  2 Tuesday, September 27, y ­ Journalists: Be available, listen to witnesses, tell them what you’re doing, show  interest, be professional, relentless, ask for help ­ Depth interviews: run longer than news interviews and provide more opportunity to  explore a topic with the subject ­ News interviews: done in connection w/ news events and consist of 2­3 questions  asked in a minute or two ­ News net: contacts who over time prove to be reliable sources of information ­ Profile interviews: focused on a person ­ Depth interviews: Run longer than news interviews and provide more opportunity to  explore a topic with the subject ­ Open ended ?’s: solicit longer, less definite answers ­ Close ended ?’s: solicit a short, pointed answers ­ Anecdotes: short pointed story ­ Blogs: Find tips, people think, stories they might miss ­ F2F: major points, quotes, specific facts ­ Email: more convenience, less chance to interact or capture nuances Chapter 4  5 W’s & H o who made the statement, performed action, object of actions? o what happened o when   o where o why?  o how   • declarative sentences: subject followed by verb and object 3 Tuesday, September 27, y • bulletins: 1­2 sentences, get info to public quickly  • screen crawlers: offer viewers summaries of stories that are not important enough  to make newscast that day • news briefs: bring readers summaries of interesting stories that don’t merit full  coverage  • summary lead: opening of a print or online news story  o be specific, avoid backing in (introductory phase before subject), be  concise, use active voice  • hard news: stories that have great impact on the audience  Chapter 5 ­ Inverted pyramid: dominant form for stories, most important info at top, convey  important info quickly,  ­ Delayed ID: (soft, feature) don’t use major facts at start, try to catch readers  attention another way ­ Nut graph­ short paragraph tells reader this is what the story is all about  ­ Single element story­ one aspects elaborate on/or explains the other ­ Multiple element story­ 2/3 different ideas compete for the spotlight   ­ Double check names, dates places, corporate names, titles, numbers and graphics  ­ Second day stories: The lead reflects the initial report, and it also has to provide  new details and summarize the original report Last Few Current Events & Need to Know ­ Quotes should be used sparingly, and only when essential ­ Liberty Media: Buys Formula One racing for 4.4 Billion • This company is diversifying and investing its’ money in other things  ­ PPTs? ­ Word efficiency: be specific, concise, don’t back in ­ There is war talk between China, Japan, Vietnam, Philippines & Malaysia over  territory around the South China Sea 4


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