Hum 353 Wk 1 Midterm Study Guide
Hum 353 Wk 1 Midterm Study Guide HUM 353
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashlyn Cook on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HUM 353 at Baker College taught by Charles in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Arts and Humanities at Baker College.
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Date Created: 09/24/16
Hum 353 Art Appreciation Quiz 1 Study Guide ** This study guide includes main things to know from each chapter and study plus wk 1 notes. Please remember in this class, since it’s only 3 weeks long, a quiz is pretty much like a midterm** **=things of great importance to remember for quiz Key Things to remember from Chapter 1: The impulse to create and respond to art is as deeply ingrained as the ability to learn language. Artists have 5 functions Create places for human purpose. **Maya Lin’s Vietnam Veterans Memorial Create exordinary versions of the ordinary Record and commemorate Give tangible form to the unknown. **Indian Sculptor and the goddess Shiva sculpture Give tangible form to feelings and ideas. **Van Gogh’s Starry Night The subjective nature of perception explains why a work of art has different meanings to many people. Key things to remember from Chapter 2: Art is of great value in our society. Art takes on many forms (painting, music, poetry, sculpture, architecture, etc..) Ideas of what art is change over time Mona Lisa portrait by Da Vinci dazzled contemporaries due to it’s extreme life like appearance. Beauty is deeply linked to our thinking about art. We like to explore aesthetic possibilities. Representational Art-ideas presented again in a way we recognize a likeness Naturalistic art- realistic nature of the piece. Abstract art- art that takes a realistic starting point and blurs it. Like taking the form of a woman and distorting it in some way. Stylized Art- representational art that conforms to a preset style or set of conventions for depicting the world. **Vincent Van Gogh wrote letters to his brother Theo was also a supporter. Style- refers to a works distinctive characteristics Form-Physical appearance of the art (color or shape for example) Content-The subject matter of the work Iconography- recognizing the subject matter. Usually used a lot in religious works. Context- the personal, social, cultural, political and religious background of the work and artist in which we can tell a lot about the time period or artist. Key things to remember from Chapter 3: Themes of art include religion, nature, history, stories, politics and fantasy **Pyramids in Egypt, as forms of art, are meant to be tombs to the pharaohs. Status and politics of roman rulers were often on horses and shown with beards. Art helps us in the human experience. Key things to remember from Chapter 6: Everybody at some point in their life draws Materials for drawing can be dry or liquid Dry: generally applied in stick form and usually leave behind small particles of itself **Metal point- is the ancestor to the pencil and was used a lot in the renaissance. Thin wire made of silver attached to a holder is dragged across surface leaving a thin trail of metal particles which tarnish to a pale grey. Before applying a base primer paint must be applied (made of bone, ash, glue and white pigment) Graphite pencil- soft, crystalline form of carbon. Leaves behind small grey particles when dragged across paper. Charcoal-charred wood **Chalk-to geologist chalk is soft limestone. Crayons- pigments mixed with a binder made of wax or grease. Pastels- pigments mixed with a binder of gum Liquid: generally need to be applied with a brush or pen. Powedered pigments are mixed with a binder and suspended in liquid. Pen and Ink-ultra fine pigments suspended in water and gum. Used since 4 century. **Nib was the part of the pen that transferred ink to paper. Earlier pens included quils and reeds. Brush and Ink-watercolor brushes with ink Acrylic paints Hum 353-Art Appreciation Week 1 Notes Chapters 1, 2, 3 & 6 Chapter 1 **Art and living with art is making it live in our imagination and engage our minds** The Impulse for Art No society in all of human existence has been without art Creating art may be part of the human existence much like the need for language. Oldest works of art date to the stone age Chauvet Caves: Carbon dated to 32,000 years ago. One of hundreds of decorated caves in Europe. 300 depictions of animals and human hands. Pigments in the creation of these paintings were made from charcoal, magnese-dioxide, and clay mixed with animal blood, cave water, or animal fat. Theories suggest they were made during rest or as some form of magic.Ability to make such art marked another difference from modern humans and Neanderthals. Stonehenge: South of England. Today much is ruined but used to consist of several circles of stone megaliths, large stones. These were surrounded by a ditch. Built in phases over centuries beginning in 3000 B.C in Neolithic Era. Each stone was quarried and traveled from distant places to the location. Tallest megaliths are about 30 tons each and all are erected upright. 240 burials have been found there. Many theories surround it’s purpose such as funeral rites, rituals, temple, part of some kind of complex, etc…built when newer stone tools were invented. Other early forms of art include pottery as we discovered that fire could harden it. Bowls, cups, practical objects and jars were made. We began to explore aesthetic possibilities by making them more elaborate. What do artists do? Artists CREATE human places of purpose. I.E churches for religious purposes and how Stonehenge was used for rituals. Some cultures view artists as specially trained. Some see anyone as an artist. Artists create visions, feelings, stories, and extrodinary versions of ordinary objects. I.E a Kente (woven textile which can have hundereds of patterns with their own symbolism) takes a normal garment and tells a story in weaving patterns which is then given purpose. Artists use art to document and record events, ideas, and places. Paintings of Coronations, famous rulers, and events like wars give us a glimpse of how things looked and played out. The way in which the art is created can display ideas and methods used in those times as well. Sometimes artists give the unknown a face, name, look, etc…I.E an artist can paint and personify what the birth of the world looked like. They can give a face to the night and make it look like it’s victorious over day personified, statues can be made to hold the flames of destruction etc… Feelings and ideas can be personified in art by artists as well. I.E Vincent Van Gogh’s Starry Night depicts his feelings as he viewed the night sky outside of a village. Creating and Creativity Creativity is defined as the ability to create something that is innovative, inspiring, and useful. Can be playful ideas or serious. Can be risky or safe. Open to experience and do not feel restricted by common existing knowledge. Creating is the process of using the creative process to make the idea come to life. Drawing, planning, molding, inventing, etc… Creativity can be learned. Looking and Responding Looking/Seeing is a form of perception which allows us to recognize and process sensory data. When we use our senses to interpret any form of art, we all take away different things based on experiences, likes, dislikes, creative mindset, and how our brains are wired differently. Subjective nature of perception explains why one piece of art can hold many interpretations and meanings, some even unintentional by the artist. Details in works mean different things to each person, thus creating a different story or meaning to a piece. Chapter 2 What is Art? Art is something of great value in any society Art is found every where from building designs, books, poetry, songs, sculptures, paintings, fashion, etc…. Value in art is not just price, but artist and who did it as well. It’s expressed by how the art allows us to see into the life and thoughts of the artist. Sometimes an artists work is not recognized until the ideas about art begin to change through time. Art is any expression of ideas, design, thoughts, feelings, people, events and can be in many mediums. Art and Beauty Beauty is deeply rooted to our thinking about art. Aesthetics: study the philosophy in the nature of beauty and also studies art. Beauty is a measure of whether we find pleasure in something. I.E the fragility, color, texture of a rose is appealing to most and so it’s considered beautiful. Those are also characteristics when a rose is used symbolically. Beauty is not just in what we feel looking at a work of art, but also what it inspires, means, and tells. Theories suggest that some meaning to beauty has links to symmetry, color and shapes in a piece. Not all art aims to be beautiful in any way. Beauty is not a requirement for art. Representational and Abstract Art Representational art-makes are fimilar in that its presenting something in a recognizable way Naturalistic Art- art done in a realistic natural way. I.E fabric draping over a body, light reflecting off a pond, the way hair would naturally flow or lay. Abstract art- uses starting points and then blurs them. I.E Picasso’s Seated Woman painting takes the general shape of a woman but does not define any one area so that you can tell what the painting is but it’s not detailed. The title also gives clues. Stylized Art-art in which representational art conforms to a preset style or conventional way of depicting the world. I.E we can distinguish Chinese art on pottery as a specific style whereas Greek Pottery art always looks one way as another style. Non-Representational Art-a form of abstract art in which the piece of work does not try to represent anything and instead focuses on shapes, color, lines, and texture. Art and Meaning Form and Content-form is the physical appearance of a work while content is the subject matter (what it’s about or portraying). Materials and Techniques-Materials would include what is used to make the art (canvas, marbkle, acrylic paint, clay, watercolor, foam, brass, etc…) Technique is how the materials are used to create the art such as using long brush strokes, one stroke figures and objects, a lot of detail, little detail, carving, etching, etc… Iconography-Background information surrounding the image or work of art. I.E knowing and recognizing a religious figure or event depicted in a painting or recognizing what sounds and things involve a particular instrument that’s depicted. Conext- context is defined as a piece of arts ties to it’s creator. This means the environment, country, and culture of the artist, the ideas of the artist and time period, the personal and social life of the artist, and the intended audience. Chapter 3 Themes of Art The Sacred Realm The spiritual realm has always been portrayed in all religions across the human existence. Art has helped us envision the gods, goddesses, and the Christian god and has helped to honor and communicate feelings/attitudes about them. All forms of art from pottery to architecture have reflected this in churches, temples, cemeteries, etc… Artists have created and personified the realms of the unknown to create visualizations of their doings, concrete ideas and events, and focus thoughts. Art Reflects Politics and Social Order Art reflects how each society is organized at the time of creation. Structures such as pyramids reflected wealth and divine rule of the country Kings, Queens, Rulers, Conquerors and the rich and wealthy were portrayed different then common folk in all works of art using colors (colors of royalty like blues and purples) and various symbolism (crowns, divine halos, thrones) as well as positioning in a work. Stories and Histories Art can portray stories, legends, fairytales, and myths Stories deep in culture Examples include depictions of Achilles in the Trojan War, Stories of Werewolves and Witches, Lives of Saints, Stories of Conquerors and Wars. Art seems to depict whole stories or most remembered parts of stories in one work or over the course of several. Works can be stories that the artist themselves make up or pre existing. The Natural World A great deal of art depicts the world around us from our own countries to far off lands. Nature and our relationship to it are depicted in many forms Can have much detail or little Nature has been a subject for art and also a material Using nature to make sculptures, gardens, and various other things such as painting on rocks or leaves has been popular throughout history. Chapter 6 Drawing Everyone at some point in their life draws. Drawings include those of people, places, things, events, animals, nature, etc.. Drawing Materials Dry Media-materials used for drawing that are generally applied in stick form. These materials leave bits of material behind as they are used. Graphite- dry material. Soft form of Carbon. First discovered in the 16 century. Commonly used in drawing as pencils. Leaves behind a slight sheen to the lines drawn and particles left behind. Easy to shape. The softer the graphite the darker the color. Metal Point-ancestor to graphite pencil. Used in the Renaissance. Few use it now because it’s not forgiving and permanent. It uses thin wire, typically of silver, set in a holder. Medium must be prepped first. As the pen is dragged it leaves behind a silver trail of metal particles which dry pale grey. Charcoal-charred wood. Techniques in manufacturing it come from ancient times. The best charcoal tools are made from willow or vine. Crayon, Pastel and Chalk-Crayons are made with pigmented poweders mixed with was. Pastels are pigmented powders mixed with oil. Provide soft vivid colors. Thick strokes. Liquid Media- materials applies with a pen or brush. Combines pigments with a binder. Pen and Ink-ultra fine particles of pigment suspended in water and added to a binder such as GUM. Commonly seen as black or brown. Have been used since the 4 Century. Can use twigs, fingertips, sponges, quils, etc to transfer ink to paper. Brush and Ink- Watercolor paint brushes used with ink in the same manner as pen and ink. Paints-includes watercolor and acrylics.
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