Psychology Study Guide
Exam 1 questions
1. From the above image, identify section 2 of the brain.
a. Parietal lobe
2. Which of the following reflexes might be checked by a physician on you today?
a. Pupillary reflex
3. A typical synaptic message sends neurochemicals from a(n) ____ to a(n) ____.
a. Axon; dendrite
4. Which word used by behavioral geneticists refers to one’s overall level of emotional reactivity?
5. Which of the following behaviors is UNAFFECTED by hormonal activity? a. All behaviors are affected by hormones (feeding, emotions, sexual responsiveness, wakefulness)
6. The two general systems of ___ control the behavior of living creatures. a. Ontogenetic and phylogenetic processes
7. The biopsychosocial model proposes that all human medical and psychological health issues are a result of:
a. All of the above (genes, hormones, individual life events, cultural context for experiences)
From the above image, identify section 5 of the brain. a. Temporal lobe
9. Action potentials move _____ throughout the nervous system. a. In only one direction through a neuroanatomical unit We also discuss several other topics like What do you mean by single target market?
10.Who is the father of psychology?
11.Which section of the brain primarily analyzes somatosensory input? a. Parietal lobe
12.The genes within a soma do NOT produce one of the following. a. All of the above are produced by genes (sex hormones, serotonin, endorphins, adrenalin) If you want to learn more check out What is astrology?
13.Researchers use the scientific methodology to increase their ability to:
a. Predict and control behavior
14.Which of the following is NOT true?
a. Some forms of behavior are entirely based upon environmental factors 15.Action potentials are created in the:
a. Axon hillock
16.Which of the following processes is NOT involved in the formal operational stage? If you want to learn more check out How does faith ringgold’s god bless america differ from jasper johns’s flag?
a. All of the above (The use of complex mathematical functions, Heightened use of abstract reasoning, Developing wide range of solutions to moral issues, The application of abstract thinking to intangible concepts (e.g., love, justice))
17.Some aspects of human behavior are similar across the globe regardless of culture. Because those characteristics are so widespread, current theories stress the role of ___ processes in their explanation.
18.Which of the following psychological disorders could be understood through the biopsychosocial model?
a. All of the above (alcoholism, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, social phobias)
We also discuss several other topics like What is pre-columbian era?
From the above image, identify section 4 of the brain
20.Which of the following shows the STRONGEST correlation? a. 0.92
21.Which of the following is NOT a typical mathematical technique used by psychologists?
22.Which of the following processes is NOT involved in the concrete operational stage?
a. The child begins to apply abstract thinking to concrete objects (e.g., rocket ships) We also discuss several other topics like Who studies the importance of emblems within a society?
23.In an early childhood cognition experiment, a child is habituated to a RED CIRCLE throughout days 114. On day 15, the child is exposed to a RED OCTAGON and does not respond to it. What do those result mean?
a. The child is still habituated to the circle and cannot differentiate circles from octagons
24.Which of the following brain scan techniques would be MOST useful in locating bullet fragments before surgery?
a. CT scan
25.Psychology is a science based on the measurement of:
26.Which lobe is the only OUTPUT lobe of the brain.
a. Frontal lobe
27.With respect to the overwhelming similarity in behavior between males and females, how many PAIRS of chromosomes are unisex (seen in both males and females)? If you want to learn more check out State and explain carruther’s argument for the identity thesis.
28.Which section of the brain primarily analyzes visual input? a. Occipital lobe
29.Who developed the school of behaviorism?
30.Which section of the brain primarily analyzes auditory input? a. Temporal lobe
31.For any neuron to produce its own action potential, it must be affected by numerous other cells. What is the rule for getting a neuron to produce an action potential?
a. +10 mV within 1 ms
32.When an experiment cannot be conducted ethically—such as making people smoke cigarettes for two years—you can still do a similar experiment with one of the following techniques.
a. Use the correlation method
33.Which of the following is NOT a recognized manner in which chimeras are created?
a. All of the above (two sperms plus one egg, fertilized egg fuses with unfertilized egg, two fertilized eggs fuse together, two embryos fuse together)
34.Which famous physicist developed a theory of nerve conduction based on vibrations?
35.Which of the following processes is NOT involved in the preoperational stage?
a. Both A & D (development of object permanence and the child successfully distinguish volume from length (conservation))
36.Which of the following can override threecell reflexes?
a. Signal sent from the brain
37.Which of the following answers show the LEAST TO MOST similarity? a. Siblings raised apart, fraternal twins raised together, identical twins raised apart
From the above image, identify section 1 of the brain a. Frontal lobe
39. The neural cells that run from your brain to your muscles are part of a(n): a. output signal system from the brain
40.Which of the following brain scan techniques would be MOST useful in a psychological research laboratory studying brain activity during rapidly changing environmental conditions?
a. MEG scan
41.The field of psychology has:
a. All of the above (the discovery of a growing number of factors that affect behavior, an unrestricted set 0f behavioral patterns that are based on neuroscience and environment, constraints due to ethical concerns, a constantly changing experimental subject)
42.What was the prognosis for the man who thought he was god? He was going to:
a. Increase his delusions
43.Which of the following processes is NOT involved in the preoperational stage?
a. Both C & D (he child can successfully distinguish volume from length (conservation), the child can perform simple reversible mathematical functions such as addition and subtraction)
44.Which of the following processes IS involved in the sensorimotor stage? a. The development of object permanence
From the above image, identify section 3 of the brain
a. Occipital lobe
46.Which of the following is true?
a. Correlation does not mean causation
47.Which of the following processes is NOT involved in the concrete operational stage?
a. All of the above are present in the concrete operational stage (the child can systematically organize objects into specific categories, the child can reverse simple mathematical operations, the child can successfully distinguish volume from length (conservation), the child
can perform simple mathematical functions such as addition and subtraction)
48.The American eugenics program in the early 20th century was operated primarily from a ___ approach.
a. Negative eugenics
49.Organogenesis refers to:
a. The time when most internal organs develop prenatally
50.Assume a moth flies through the left visual field of a splitbrain patient and causes her to flinch. Can she state accurately why she flinched? a. No, she cannot
51.Which section of the nervous system contains cells that do not regenerate themselves very well?
a. Central nervous system
Exam 2 questions
1. Which of the following is NOT part of typical automatic processing? a. Nonconscious memory of locations
2. The measurement of absolute and difference thresholds are both: a. Calculated at 50%
3. Neardeath experiences can be elicited through:
a. All of the above (strong nonlethal stress, drug use, and temporary death)
4. Which of the following is TRUE?
a. All of the above (there is a little evidence that dreams are symbolically encoded secret messages, unconscious conflict is a concept with little scientific merit, hypnotists cannot gain complete control over their subjects, it is unethical to purposely create near deathexperiences in humans)
5. If a set of cells in the visual cortex are designed to specifically detect something such as the angle of a line, then those cells are referred to as: a. Feature detectors
6. Which of the following is related to retrieval?
a. Congruent moods effect
7. Which of the following drugs fits into the stimulants category? a. Amphetamines
8. An altered psychological state in which an individual is unusually receptive to suggestions is called:
9. What is the name for when you perceive the shape of your friend as constant despite the fact that you are literally viewing a changing shape as he moves about the room?
a. Shape constancy
10.Learning is any ___ change in behavior.
a. Relatively permanent
11.Which characteristic is MOST CLOSELY related to the recognition of consciousness in humans?
12.One of the first memory researchers was:
a. Hermann Ebbinghaus
13.What is one of the primary reasons early psychologists moved away from the use of mazes to study learning in rats? Maze experiments: a. Cause aggressive behavior that interferes with learning
14.What is the most basic reason you should reject the concept of a repressed memory, especially emotionally strong events such as rape? These repressed memories are:
a. Emotionally strong but nonconscious
15.The need for reading glasses beginning at about 40years of age is typically a result of:
a. Reduced elasticity in the lens of the eye
16.Which of the following parts of the Information Processing Model contain a line drawn to the term Information Lost?
a. All of the above (sensory registers, working memory, long term memory)
17.The sound of a dentist’s drill may make you feel uncomfortable because of the ___ between the sound and ___.
a. Association; pain
18.The most basic way in which to express an understanding of the 19th century Gestalt concept is to state that:
a. Everything in life must be understood within its context
19.The electrical activity most similar in form to REM sleep is: a. Stage 1 sleep
20.The need to take increasing amounts of a drug to produce the same effect is called:
21.Which conditioning principle was being expressed in the YouTube video entitled There Was No First Human?
22.Would a Pavlovian versus operant analysis of the Room 222 token economy lead to widely different predictions of behavior?
a. No, their predictions would be very similar
23.Which of the following statements is TRUE?
a. A person is unlikely to violate their own morals while under hypnosis 24.Dreaming occurs in ___ cycles.
25.Which of the following show the basic components of memory in their proper order?
a. Encoding, storage, retrieval
26.Which of the following drugs fits into the depressants category? a. Alcohol
27.Shortterm memory is also called ___, has a duration of about ___ and can hold about ___ items
a. Attention; 30 seconds; 59
28.Little Timmy cries for candy in the supermarket while his father tells him “no.” Eventually, his dad cannot stand the crying any longer and buys Little Timmy his candy. Little Timmy was ___ and his dad was ___. a. Positively reinforced; negatively reinforced
29.Which of the following statements refutes naïve realism? a. All the above (perceived color is partly dependent upon the mixture of light waves that enter your eye, the presence of illusions, your sensory system is insensitive to all changes in the environment, the rules governing depth perception)
30.Memories of stimulus events are stored as:
a. None of the above
31.In which of the following categories should marijuana be placed? a. Hallucinogenic
32.When a 20ounce soda falls out of a vending machine, it makes a particular clunk/thud sound. What is the role of the clunk/thud sound?
a. Secondary reinforcer
33.The most likely reason it would be difficult to retrieve the memory of an extremely common object results from:
a. Failure to encode
34.Which of the following is NOT one of the four elements of observational learning?
a. Learned helplessness
35.How many basic forms of retrieval exist?
36.Which of the following theories is used to explain why we dream? The: a. Activation Synthesis Theory
37.Which of the following shows the UNIQUE FUNCTION that occurs in shortterm memory?
38.Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE regarding the storage of memories?
a. The amygdala controls happiness memories
39.Which of the following statements is TRUE?
a. The idea that mental conflict exists in your subconscious has been abandoned by scientific psychology
40.Which of the following is a BINOCULAR depth cue?
41.The serial position effect is created through
a. The combination of retroactive and proactive interference 42.Which of the following is NOT involved in both classical and operant conditioning?
a. Reward consequences
Use the above chart and identify which number cell shows the location of false memories
44.The shortest trace of a human voice stored in the receptors of the ear is called ___ and lasts about ___ in duration.
a. Echoic memory; 0.1 seconds
45.Consciousness is easily understood.
a. No, that is false
46.Which of the following events does NOT reflect a variable ratio schedule? a. Waiting for your radio program to being from some random time
47.Which of the following is a Gestalt Grouping principle?
48.Which of the following events reflects a fixed ratio schedule? a. Pressing the letter “k” on your typewriter and getting a single letter “k” as output
49.The optic disc produces:
a. The blind spot
50.Which of the following events reflects a variable interval schedule? a. Waiting for the phone to ring
51.Which of the following drugs blocks dopamine reuptake? a. Cocaine
52.Light waves have two primary characteristics that:
a. Are detected with separate receptors
Exam 3 questions
1. According to Freud, a child who was not breastfed enough may develop the following disorder in adulthood.
2. Which statistical technique raised the study of intelligence and personality to a scientific process?
a. Factor analysis
3. Assume you are walking on campus and you see a crowd of people running toward you who are frightened and screaming. You turn around and run away with them. Your behavior would be predicted through:
a. Asch conformity
4. Which of the following is part of the DSM?
a. Statistical processes creating a diagnostic system
5. Which of the following categories is a CONSTRUCT?
a. All of the above (oral fixation, anal fixation, phallic fixation, latency fixation)
6. In which psychiatric category is Depression placed?
a. Mood disorders
7. Which of the following is the BEST predictor of personal aggression? a. Being a male
8. In what year was the DSM first published?
9. Which of the following statements about IQ is TRUE?
a. IQ is generally stable across the lifespan
10.Which of the following would you NOT DO when making a new IQ test? a. Make sure the test questions help you differentiate between different biological systems
11.Which of the following categories of social behavior is NOT a construct? a. All of the above categories are constructs ( social cognitions, social influence, interpersonal attractions, altruistic behavior)
12.Which of the following categories was created by Freud? a. Anal fixation
13.Which outcome is more closely associated with an external locus of control? a. Mental illness
14.Which of the following is an intelligence test?
a. All of the above (SAT, GRE, FCAT, MCAT)
15.Which group formally rejected Freud in 1952 and again in the 1980s? a. The field of psychiatry
16.Identify the correct order in the history of intelligence.
a. Darwin, Galton, Binet & Simon, Terman
17.Cognitive dissonance predicts that a person will:
a. Change their attitude about their behavior
18.Which of the following categories was NOT created through the application of a statistical test?
a. None of the above were created through the use of statistical test 19.Which of the following statistical tests was used to create the DSM? a. Factor analysis
20.Which of the following represents a construct?
a. All of the above (intelligence, personality, mental illness, social behavior)
21.The most likely content on an intelligence test is:
a. High school level academic material
22.Physical attractiveness is BEST understood through:
a. Both biological and environmental variables
23.Reciprocal determinism is a concept that belongs to:
a. Social learning theory
24.How many TOTAL SUBTESTS are there on the Big Five Personality test? a. 15
25.What is currently the most popular Trait theory of personality? a. The Big Five
26.In which psychiatric category is ObsessiveCompulsive Disorder (OCD) placed?
a. Anxiety disorder
27.Intelligence is ___.
a. A construct
28.When you go to a fraternity party and are not sure how to act, you copy everyone else’s behavior.
a. Normative conformity effect
29.Which of the following statements expresses the JustWorld phenomenon? a. You get what you deserve
30.Which of the following do humans NOT have a predisposition to fear? a. Sharp objects
31.Overestimating the INTERNAL REASONS for others behavior is called: a. Fundamental attribution error
32.Who developed the concept of selfesteem?
33.Which of the following refers to a savant?
a. Timmy plays Mozart on the piano at age 3
34.Predispositions or tendencies to act are called:
35.Whose work eventually gave psychology the stereotypes of laying on a couch, free associating, hypnosis and psychological “breakthroughs?” a. Freud
36.Which of the following is NOT a culturally bound psychiatric disorder? a. Posttraumatic stress disorder
37.Which of the following categories was NOT created through the use of a factor analysis test?
a. Oedipal complex
38.Popular fashion choices
39.What are the two common themes that run through the last four chapters of our semester?
a. Constructs and factor analysis
40.Which statistical test has done more to advance social psychology since the 1950s than any other statistical test?
a. Factor analysis
41.Every factor in social psychology is a:
42.Which of the following areas heavily relies on the use of factor analysis tests and the application of constructs?
a. All of the above (intelligence, personality, psychological disorders, social psychology)
43.About when was the beginning of therapies that attempted to retrain the thoughts, emotions and behavior of patients?
44.Stereotypes—used in a statistical manner—are:
a. Sometimes a helpful tool in predicting behavior
45.There are currently 100 million people in the Philippines. How many geniuses live there?
a. 2 million
46.Which of the following is the largest hypothetical construct in the field of psychology?
47.The most relevant feature of the study of impression formation is (the) a. Primary effect
48.Which of the following is positively correlated with the effective use of self control?
a. Internal locus of control
49.Which of the following is NOT a category used to identify abnormal behavior?
50.Which of the following approaches to mental illness is most commonly applied today?
51.Which of the following groups is MOST LIKELY to develop depression? a. Females
52.Timmy earns between 8190% on every intelligence subtest he is given. a. G
53.Which of the following categories was created through the application of a statistical test?
54.If a person is exhibiting mania, then you can accurately state that he/she: a. Has bipolar affective disorder
55.What percentage of subjects delivered the highest shock intensity in Milgram’s experiment?
56.Which of the following is TRUE?
a. All of the above (Identical twins have a higher likelihood than fraternal twins in developing schizophrenic symptoms if one twin gets the disease first, Dopamine seems to be related to schizophrenia, Schizophrenics have enlarged ventricles, the diathesisstress model is commonly applied to understand the genetic & environmental bases of schizophrenia)
57.The Flynn Effect refers to:
a. The rising IQ over the 20th century
58.An umbrella term that encompasses a wide variety of subsystems and does not exist as a single entity.
59.Which of the following Freudian categories exists in the DSM? a. None of the above
60.Which of the following were created through the use of factor analysis tests? a. All of he above (intelligence tests, the subtests on intelligence tests, personality categories, diagnostic system for mental illness)
61.Which of the following is NOT a symptom of schizophrenia? a. Perceptual disturbances, language disturbances, thought disturbances, emotional disturbances)
62.Which of the following people was NOT a personality theorist? a. Wundt
63.Which of the following is MOST LIKELY the factor(s) studied by intelligence researchers when evaluating intelligence?
a. Sensory processing, amount of knowledge, speed of creativity