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Study Guide for INTA 1110

by: Nylah Boone

Study Guide for INTA 1110 INTA 1110 B

Nylah Boone
Georgia Tech

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About this Document

These notes have the study guide Professor Wang gave out on Thursday; they are also filled out with information. It includes a little but more of extra information pertaining to book notes.
Intro to International Affairs
Professor Wang
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nylah Boone on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to INTA 1110 B at Georgia Institute of Technology taught by Professor Wang in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Affairs in International Affairs at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Date Created: 09/24/16
REVIEW FOR TEST Basics:  Politics: o constructing public authority o human organization aiming toward creating order and security  The state: a territorial entity controlled by a government and inhabited by a population/ exercises sovereignty over his territory and is recognized as a sovereign by other states  Great powers (be able to recognize them)  Sovereignty: the power of a state to govern itself or another state  IR systems (historical, theoretical, diff impact on national behavior) o The parallel worlds o Empires emerge o The Westphalia System o GOLDEN RULE: no permanent friends, only interests o From many worlds to one world (colonization and decolonization) o Globalization o WWII and current globalization  Levels of analysis (three; two are fully divided so 5 levels) o 1. Global o 2. Inter-state o 3.State o 4.domestic groups o 5. Individuals (human nature and psychology)  Counterfactual (the method and theory) o If event A didn’t happen, would B still happen? o It’s a “What if?” method of understanding history and tying it to what is to come or what could’ve become  Non-state actors and actors (know them) o State (most important)  a territorial entity controlled by a government and inhabited by a population/ exercises sovereignty over his territory and is recognized as a sovereign by other states o Non-state  Multinational corporations; IGOs or NGOs  They influence state actors  Transnational actors: when operated across international borders  Sovereignty, hegemony o Hegemony: the state has the most power in the international system; pretty much unipolar. They dominate in rules and arrangements. However, this doesn’t last too long due to factors such as security dilemma and the simple fact that other countries will bandwagon together. More Basics: o IPA and its mitigations 1. IPA: Anarchic environment of international politics under the Westphalia system.  There’s no central political authority: states are sovereign o Advantages: Unification, competition pushes towards advancements, cheaper to maintain world empire. o Disadvantages: conflict arises  Security dilemma occurs: One state’s action taken to ensure their own security will threaten the security of other states. o Results in arms races and miscalculations and irrational pursuits of security o Polarity and systematic changes (how do we know there’s a change? Order principle and distribution of power etc. genetic change etc.) -We recognize a change in interactions with states 1. Unipolarity: there is one ruling state over all other states (no true balance of power) 2. Bipolarity: there is a balance of power between to states 3. Multipolarity: there are 3 or more powerful states in action together o The two world wars (know major events and leaders) WWI (1914-1919) Accidental war WWII (1939-45) war of planned aggression Causes: Balance of power Politics Causes: The unfinished business of WWI 1. Rise of German Power 1. Versailles Treaty and German upset 2. Increased rigidity in alliance 2. Growth of ideologies system 3. Economic Collapse Allied Allied US- President Woodrow Wilson US -Roosevelt France Britain-Churchill Russia USSR- Stalin Italy China etc. - Central Axis Germany- Kaiser Germany- Hitler Austria-Hungary- Joseph Italy- Mussolini Bulgaria Japan etc. Hideki Tojo June 1914- Archduke Ferdinand 1939 Germany Invades Poland assassinated 1940 Italy declares war on France and Britain; Aug 1914- Germany invades Belgium Battle of Britain May 2015- Sinking of Lusitania 1941 Feb 21 1916 Battle of Verdun (longest -Germans attack bulkans battle) -Hitler attacks Russia 1917 Zimmerman telegraph (brings -Japan attack on Pearl Harbor(US enters war) Mexico in) 1943 Battle of Stalingrad: turning point of war US-Germany war is declared 1944 D-Day June 6 1945 Yalta Conference 1919 treaty of Versailles o Lessons from the world wars (ex. No more munich) 1. Appeasement does not work; it is a classic tool of diplomacy 2. Be wary of overly simple historical models, always ask whether a model is true to the facts of history and whether it really fits the current reality. 3. 1914: hard line, no compromising 4. 1938/39 failure of Munich agreement to appease Hitler stage for WWII=no more Munich led to Vietnam and war in Iraq 5. THE UN came  o Offense/defense balance issue 1. Creates distrust and strife between states, it’s a fine line between Offense or Defense strategies and actions. A timeline  IR prior to 1648 – Parallel Worlds o Middle East/Mediterranean World o East Asia/S.e Asia Chinese world o Other worlds (America, Africa, South Asia)  The Westphalia Treaty and the Expansion of the Westphalia System o Ended the 30 years war and Major events of Cold War -US vs Soviet war: ideological war: Capitalism versus Communism -Proxy wars -MAD: Mutually Assured Destruction o Truman Doctrine & Marshall Plan 1. Truman: Helping to “protect free people everywhere”. Specifically, Greece and Turkey since Britain lost its power to protect the two countries. 2. Marshall: invited Soviet Union and Easter Europeans to join in for economic aid form the US. Led to tightened power hold of the USSR in its peripheral countries. o Détente: period of rest: created arms and space race, activities under bipolarity o NATO & security treaties 1. Limited Test Ban Treaty: prohibited any tests of nuclear explosions In the atmosphere/water/outer space 2. Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty: disbarment, non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear arms 3. SALT: Principles are established to safeguard the Westphalia system o Korean War (1950-1953) 1. Stalemated battle 2. Communism became monolithic; China joined the communist bloc o Cuban Missile Crisis (1962): closest to nuclear war ever. Nixon and Stalin 1. Kennedy and Khrushchev stand off 2. Khrushchev has missiles in Cuba, Kennedy didn’t like it, he threatened nuclear war. The two exercised Brinkmanship. 3. Publically the USSR lost and was weakened but in reality Kennedy lowkey made a compromise. o Vietnam War (1965-1973) 1. US intervention to stop Communism from taking over 2. North Vietnam and Viet Cong vs. South Vietnam and US. Ended in US troops pulling out. o Nixon and Kissinger: creates relationship with China= 3-way balance of power in Asia o Berlin Wall falls (1989) End of USSR (1991)  Major events of Post-cold war (9/11 responsibility to intervene) o The beginning of a new era: War of Terrorism (ex. Afghanistan or Iraq) o Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait (1990) o Legacies of Cold War 1. Economy, technology, culture 2. Military 3. Alliances and global presence o 4 types of Goods 1. Private: example: your car 2. Public: example: buses 3. Club: example: food stamps 4. Common:example: air o International Institutions and International Law 1. Role of the UN 2. International Laws are useful  Predictability  Accountability, obligation, consistency  Legitimacy 3. International Negotiation and Agreements o Intervention: external actions that influence the domestic affairs of another sovereign state 1. Realist: believe it’s to be used for order and peace; balance of power 2. Cosmopolitans: used if it promotes individual justice and human rights 3. Moralists: they key value in autonomy of the state and its people so non-intervention o Collective Security: when international system of states decides to care for all. The security of one, refers to all. o Peacekeeping (keeping peace, maintaining it)/Peacebuilding(creating peace) o Exceptions of Nonintervention 1. Preemptive intervention 2. Balance a prior intervention 3. Rescue people who are threatened with massacre 4. To assist secessionist movements when they have demonstrated their representative character o Preemptive strike: occurs when war is imminent. Preventive war is when leaders believe merely that war is better now than later. Ideologies and Theories  Realism: dominant tradition in international law o BOP, hegemon, PD games, alliance (descriptions based off on realism) o Inherently dark natured people-negative outlook o IR is relation of states engaged in the pursuit of power.  Liberalism: political philosophy to Baron de Montesquieu and Immanual Kant o Regimes, Kant, collective security, democracy peace o More optimistic-inherently positive. Social  Alternative perspectives o Constructivism:  concerns itself with the centrality of ideas and human consciousness and stresses a holistic and idealist view of structures.  Focus on how the structure construct’s actors identities and interests and interactions o Feminism: focus on masculine traits and virtues; fight for gender equality Sample Questions: 1. HARD The classical Marxist and liberal views (answer b) a. Both completely reject the use of BOP b. Are similar in locating the causes of war in domestic politics c. Rely heavily on the individual level of analysis d. Both rely heavily on the structure of the international system 2. Mearshimer argues that great powers have “hegemony as their final goal: but late states that survival is #1 goal of great powers. How can it be both? (answer C) a. Hegemony is another word for survival b. A state will seek hegemony in a bipolar world but survival in multipolar c. Hegemony is the best and only way a state can ensure its survival d. Survival is only the primary goal of a great powe that has already acheieved hegemony


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