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Test 1 Study Guide

by: Sierra Kosh

Test 1 Study Guide Dan 27076-002

Sierra Kosh
GPA 2.8

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About this Document

This study guide covers: Function, Value, Aesthetics, Eras, Dance Anthropology, World Dance Examples, Dance Packet 1, 2, and 3.
Dance as an Art Form
Megan L. Young
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sierra Kosh on Saturday September 24, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Dan 27076-002 at Kent State University taught by Megan L. Young in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Dance as an Art Form in Dance at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 09/24/16
1  Test 1 Study Guide   Function, Value, Aesthetics, Eras, Dance Anthropology, World Dance Examples, Dance Pac et 1, 2, and 3. 3 Main Reasons why People Dance  ★ Traditional/ Ritual  ○ Dances that are part of life (Ex. Chinese tea ritual)  ○ Cultural traditions of the group play a big role in the types of dance  ○ Influenced or directly related to religion  ○ Can be physical training of work training (Ex. older styles of african dance­ mimic  the motion of throwing a spear)  ○ Can be physical reinforcement of morals or values (Ex. reinforce gender roles­  males get the leading role and the women follow)  ○ There doesn't always have to be an audience (group dances where everyone is a  part even if they are not actively moving)  ★ Social  ○ Clubbing, Weddings  ○ Courtships  ○ Social status  ○ Show off skills  ○ Most of the time a range of generations participate  ○ Inclusive of all physical abilities (20 year olds and 90 year olds are able to  participate)  ○ The dance can be modified to individuals abilities or tastes  ○ Not meant for an audience (everyone is included)  ★ Concert  ○ Anything on stage performed for an audience  ○ Performers are usually separated from the audience (stage and seating)  ○ Skill is demonstrated and focused on  ○ Performers usually focus on a specific style of dance and perform according to  the guidelines of that style  Study of Dance  ★ Dance Anthropology  ○ Cultural and historical connection  ○ Costumes are often used  ○ Different music and sound  ○ The audience plays a role  ○ Stage and setting are important        2  History and Research Tools  ★ Primary and secondary sources  ★ Biography, autobiography, nonfiction, etc.  ★ Reconstruction, remount, and re­staging  ★ Notation and dance notation  ★ Research passed down  An impartial Dance Scholar  ★ Consider your opinion vs. fact  ★ Find value in literal and abstract  ★ Is the dancing straightforward or do you need to decode the meaning  ★ How is culture tied into the dance  Effort Qualities­​ Including their extremes of weight, space, time  ★ Float­    Light Indirect, Sustained  ○ Ex. a butterfly  ★ Glide­  Light, Direct, Sustained  ○ Ex. graceful  ★ Punch­   Strong, Direct, Quick  ○ Ex. punching with a fist  ★ Slash­  Strong, Indirect, Quick  ○ Ex. swatting away a bee  ★ Wring­    Strong, Indirect, Sustained  ○ Ex. wringing out a towel  ★ Flick­  Light, Indirect, Quick  ○ Ex. flicking at a bug  ★ Dab­  Light, Direct, Quick  ○ Ex. blotting at a stain  ★ Press­  Strong, Direct, Sustained  ○ Ex. pushing a heavy door  ★ Look and assign movement without judging  ★ 8 qualities ­­­­­­> Laban Movement Analysis (LMA)  ★ A language to describe movement      3  ★ LMA readers analyze your movements while you're talking in an interview and they  make suggestions about personality traits that they can discover from your  movements.  Light ←­­­­­­­­­­> Strong  Indirect ←­­­­­­­­­> Direct  Sustained ←­­­­­­­­­­­> Quick  Capoeira  ★ From Brazil  ○ Capoeira is not fighting it's playing (you play someone like a game)  ○ Originally used to train how to kick and how not to get kicked  ○ Different dances from africa influenced it  ○ Emerged in late 19th century  ○ Went through periods of outlaw and national attention  ○ Now there is an international appeal  World Dance Packet 1  Capoeira, Tinikling, Belly Dancing  ★ Capoeira  ○ From Brazil  ○ Capoeira is not fighting it's playing (you play someone like a game)  ○ Originally used to train how to kick and how not to get kicked  ○ Different dances from africa influenced it  ○ Emerged in late 19th century  ○ Went through periods of outlaw and national attention  ○ Now there is an international appeal  ★ All traditional styles of dance  ○ On a stage they are trying to give you a sense of the cultural side of the dance  even if it is staged as a performance  ★ Dances of resistance  ○ Belly Dancing  ■ Started out only being danced by women for women  ■ Seen as lude and inappropriate    ■ Not considered politically correct to perform for money  ● Can be considered a form of prostitution even if there is no  ■ Belly dancing outlawed because it was considered inappropriate and  wrong  ○ Capoeira  ■ Outlawed because it was thought to be linked to gangs and illegal activity  ■ Originally just danced by men  ○ Tinikling  ■ Originally danced in couples (male and female)  ■ Name of the dance is named after a word  ■ The dance itself is not a form of punishment  ● There was a punishment where slaves would be forced to stand  ​ Modern day example of dance of resistance: Beyonce’s formation performance at the super  bowl. Her music video came out the night before, gave context to her statement, added to her  point. Very politically charged  World Dance Packet 2  ★ Polonaise  ○ Poland 1600’s  ○ Social Dance  ○ Feet and arms moving  ○ Float, glide  ○ Light, quick AND sustained, direct AND a little indirect  ○ Example of gender roles and status in the society  ○ Prosessional­ going somewhere  ○ Folk­ sometimes this word is used to describe the lower class dances  (misconceptions)  ★ Salsa  ○ Traditional cuban dances added to salsa  ○ Salsa competition is a concert dance      5  ○ Real salsa is getting to know your partner (you're not performing for them,  you're having a conversation through movement)  ○ Movement of hips, legs, knees, feet, lots of range of motion  ○ The phase of the dance was matched to the music  ★ Yangge   ○ Still practiced today as a community form  ○ Originated in 10th century  ○ People of all status dance this  ○ Sometimes includes props  ○ Not for an audience and you can do it at any skill level  ○ Social dance so it evolves over time  ○ Ex. Dancing grandmas of China. High value of being physically active. Older  adults go out into public and practice dancing with loud music. They created an  ordinance to shut it down because it was to loud and it wasn't traditional music  (lady Gaga)  ○ Salsa  ○ Clave is the rhythm of the music. The correct translation is “the key” into the  dance  ○ Combination of european and african based aesthetics  ■ Weight in african based aesthetics  ■ Lightness and holding the waist steady and upright from european based  aesthetics  ★ Salsa  ○ Danced in partners  ○ Men lead, ladies follow  ○ Salsa usually is not choreographed  ★ Polonaise  ○ The wealthy took the dance and made it “better”  ○ World Dance Packet 3  ★ Miori  ○ Miori rugby and soccer teams use this  ○ Originally used to intimidate before a battle  ○ Also used to send a message  ■ Like at a wedding: sending a message to the bride that her husband will  now be her protector instead of her family.  ○ Now can be used as a social dance of all ages and genders, usually at family  events like weddings. 


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