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Soc 417 first exam study guide

by: Sydney Anderson

Soc 417 first exam study guide SW 417

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Social Work > SW 417 > Soc 417 first exam study guide
Sydney Anderson
GPA 3.9

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From in-class notes
Social Welfare Policy II
Boyas, Javier Francisco
Study Guide
social, work
50 ?




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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sydney Anderson on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SW 417 at University of Mississippi taught by Boyas, Javier Francisco in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Social Welfare Policy II in Social Work at University of Mississippi.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
Test 1 study guide based on in­class lectures: Social Work 417  (Lines beginning with a * are things Dr. Boyas specifically mentioned would be on the test.)    The historical context: basic concepts and early influences (Chapter 2)  Social policy  ● Policies: goals pursued by institutions  ● Social policies: synonymous to social welfare policies, but more encompassing  ● Social welfare policies: to satisfy individual and familial basic needs not met through the  market system  ● Types of social welfare policy  ○ Contributory: you contribute your own money (social security, disability)  ■ 50% of national social welfare expenditure  ○ Means­tested: eligibility is determined by need  ■ 13% (even though this is the one people complain about using our taxes)  ○ Benefits tied to earnings or savings: you qualify based on earnings  ■ 20%  ● U.S. is not a welfare state because the government doesn’t make sure all our needs are  met  ● *Why does social welfare policy exist? Social problems, emergencies, social control,  economic transitions, support of industry, rectify social injustice, subsidize private  employment sector  Problem definition vs need identification  ● Problem centered approach: labeling a situation a “problem” that must be solved  ○ Pathology and stigmatization  ● Problem saturation: focusing so much on the problem that you can’t see any way out  ● Strengths­based approach identifies basic needs and barriers to needs  ○ Client goals are center  ○ Analyzing resources and strengths  Formulation of policy alternatives  ● Strengths­based looks at how people are overcoming barriers so others can do the  same through new programs  Claimsmaking  ● Making a claim based on your value system  ● Typically involves some self­interest  ● Problem­centered approach focuses on public opinion  ● Strengths­based: right to self determination and social justice  The development of our current welfare system (chapter 3)  Political ideology  ● Conservatism  ○ Market economy and private industry should meet social welfare needs  ○ Most agree on being anti​union; against government regulations; lower taxes and  less spending;local control education; oppose civil rights legislation; states’ rights  ○ Social work programming erodes U.S. work ethic, diverts tax revenue that could  be used in private sector, lessens profits and global competitiveness, undermines  free market society  ● Classical conservatism  ○ Typically constitutionalists, separation of church and state, less federal  government intervention,economic, social, political freedom  ○ Equality isn’t important  ○ Society is and should be in a hierarchy of layers  ○ Elites have the right to rule but responsibilities for welfare of others: “noblesse  oblige” (if they can lead, they should)  ○ Stability of society is key (law and order)  ○ Customs and traditions are important  ● Neo­conservatism  ○ Favor globalism (unlike classical conservatives)  ○ Downplay religious issues  ○ Unlikely to actively oppose abortion and homosexuality  ○ Democracy can and should be installed across the world  ○ Fault government for fostering growth of social welfare industry  ● Cultural conservatives  ○ In 80s and mid 90s, wanted greater control against government intrusion in  private sector and corporate America  ○ Pro­​ amily, anti gay rights, pro­​life  ○ School prayer, buying foreign anything, English as U.S.’s national language  ○ Large social work programs don’t maximize self​ interest  ○ Minimalist intervention from government to help maximize individual self and  market economy  ● Liberalism  ○ Believe in big government  ○ Equality for all  ○ Government's duty to alleviate social ills and protect civil liberties and individual  rights  ○ Government needs to protect people from themselves  ○ Not afraid to explore new ideas  ○ Increase taxes, especially on rich  ○ Decrease/maintain defense spending  ○ Regulation and worker protection  ○ Against school vouchers  ● Classical liberalism  ○ Belief that it federal intervention is necessary for enhancing public good  ○ Rights come from the government  ○ Use of coercion to elicit actions from individuals is illegitimate  ○ People can divvy up their property equally within a group and share it for a  socially acceptable cause as long as it's voluntary  ○ Advancing public good by promoting and expanding economy coupled with the  growth of universal social welfare and health programs  ● Neo­liberalism  ○ Sustained economic growth is the way to human progress  ○ Welcomes big business  ○ Free market is most efficient  ○ Economic globalization  ○ Privatization removes inefficiencies of public sector  ○ Call for public and individual responsibility through labor market  ○ Government should mainly function to provide infrastructure to advance the rule  of law with respect to property rights and contracts  English Poor Laws  ● Local responsibility for social welfare  ● "Worthy poor"​orphans, widows, disabled, elderly  ● "Unworthy poor"​ drunks, lazy, able​­bodied  ● Principle of least responsibility (they give you the least you're eligible for)  Constitution and social welfare  ● States primarily  responsible for social welfare  ● Initially, only protected white, landowning males  ● Bill of Rights: ​framework for civil rights protections  ● Private philanthropy  ● Continued principles of English poor laws  ● Volstead Act (prohibition) 18th amendment  ● Government creates laws about upholding morals (drinking, drugs, prostitution, etc.)  The economic and political contexts (Chapter 4)  The Great Society  ● The largest social reform since the New Deal  ● End poverty○Equality○Improve education  ● Rejuvenate cities  ● Protect environment (first time people started thinking about protecting the environment)  Factors that lead to Great Society movement  ● Civil rights movement and emphasis on social justice  ● Rising poverty  ● Political orientation of Kennedy ​​1st Catholic president (post​­assassination) and the  Johnson administration  ● The Other America and other exposés of poverty shocked America by revealing that  25% of people lived in poverty  ● Window of opportunity as cultural, political, and social forces aligned  Economic Opportunity Act of 1964  ● Established Office of Economic Opportunity  ● Created Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)  ● Job corps provided job training to young men  ● Community action programs: education, housing, healthcare, job training for  impoverished  ● Head start: medical care, education, and parental services for low income preschoolers  Medicare and Medicaid (1965)  ● Medicare: ​​elderly and disabled  ● Medicaid: ​​poor  Impact of Great Society  ● Wilderness Protection Act  ● Elementary and Secondary Education Act  ● Voting Rights Act  ● Omnibus Housing Act  ● Air and Waste Water Quality Acts  ● Higher standards for safety in consumer products  Johnson and War on Poverty  ● Poverty rates dropped by half in 14 years  ● Significant gains overshadowed by over ​promises  School desegregation  ● Brown v Board of Education overturned Plessy v Ferguson (separate but equal ruling)  ● De jure racism is by jurisdiction (law)  ● De facto racism continues today  Challenges to Jim Crow  ● Montgomery bus boycott  ● Student lunch counter protests  ● Freedom riders  ● March on Washington  ● Freedom summer  ● Selma, AL  ● Loving v Virginia (interracial marriage)  Mexican­​American civil rights  ● Xenophobia, exploitation or workers, political marginalization  ● Labor organizing  Basic tools (Chapter 5)  Devolution  ● Began in earnest during Reagan administration  ● Block grants (states choose how to use the social welfare money)  ○ States sometimes used surplus to fill in gaps in other area’s policies (that weren’t  social welfare)  ● Increased state authority  ○ Variation among states in benefits/ services provided challenges in distributive  justice  ● Decreased federal government spending  ○ Increased pressure on states, especially in times of recession  Privatization [background is in slideshow]  ● Allocating funds to private for­profit of non­profit entities that provide social welfare  benefits/services  ● Less government spending for social welfare  ○ Changed social contract  ● Private entities lack the resources to fully address social problems  ● Ignores need for structural reform  ● Vouchers (for private school)  ● Contractual relationship between public and private sectors  ● Savings could be used to lower taxes and extend existing programs (so they say)  ● Ownership/management of social services by private sector  ● Techniques for privatization [in slideshow]  Issues with privatization  ● Commercialization: subjects human needs to economic marketplace  ● Preferential selection: choosing clients based on market principles vs client needs;  discriminatory practices (ex. Hospital not accepting children, the elderly, or people with  chronic conditions)  ● Cost effectiveness: government is in weak position to control prices charged for services  ● Standardization: offering lowest quality product/service to generate surplus for investors  and providers  ○ Poor people get substandard services  ○ Offering the most people services, with not the best quality services  ● Oligopolization (like a monopoly)  ○ Small number of organizations control a market  ○ Reduce competition by buying competitors  ○ A small number of organizations have power to shape social policy  ○ 3 waves of acquisition in corporate sector  i. Long­term care  ii. Hospital management  iii. Health maintenance organizations  ● Left­leaning believe that it’s the government’s responsibility to provide social services  ● Since public social programs are under violation, there’s more government reliance on  private sector  Social policy is influenced by: [check slides because we skipped things]  ● Economic context: production, distribution, and use of income, wealth, and resources  ● Political context: pursuit and exercise of power in public affairs  ● Competition and conflict in economic and political processes  ● These factors shape whether social policy promotes social justice or increases economic  insecurity and inequality for the needy  Approaches to social welfare [on test!]  ● Institutional approach: government ensures basic needs are met  ○ Taxes are collected for education, housing, food, health, etc.  ○ Universal programs to be more inclusive  ○ Horizontal equality  ● Residual approach: Government should interfere only when family, religious institutions,  and marketplace can’t meet needs  ● Help only for very needy in dire situations  ● Vertical equality  Industrialization­Welfare Hypothesis  ● Breakdown of family from industrialization requires govt assistance  Maintenance of capitalism hypothesis  ● Power elite make up and control policies to keep their power and wealth 


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