Aristotle notes 9/19
Aristotle notes 9/19 ENC3201
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Isabel Rubin on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENC3201 at Florida State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Rhetoric in English at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Class notes 9/19/16 Aristotle o Truth is not as transcendent or divine as Plato’s o There is still a concrete tangible truth, but it’s not connected to the divine Not accessed through the soul, but accessed through logic and reason using the dialectic First principles=basis of all beliefs o Defines, categorizes, and systematizes different types of knowledge and how we know it o Dialectic- attempt to reason its way to the truth; knowledge for the sake of knowledge o Rhetoric- help others discover the truth Need for people who are un-instructable Used for politics o Not that some souls have had glimpses of the truth (like what Plato said), but some people are just more talented o Political oratory Tells us if an action is good or not good Good= truth In order to tell someone what is good, you must understand the truth o Judicial rhetoric Decide if a past action was just or unjust Just=true Disseminating the truth Rhetoric vs Dialectic o Counterparts Dialectic gets us to the truth but rhetoric helps us do something with that knowledge and helps others find the truth o Rhetoric Faculty or capacity of finding any available means of persuasion about any subject A system; something someone uses General/universal not isolated to one area of knowledge Rhetoric is used for situations in which our action can accomplish something Inevitable or accidental situations cannot be affected by rhetoric (like Bitzer) There has to be something that can change in order to use rhetoric o Dialectic Logical method Helps us discover and solve problems Designed to get to the first principles Foundational and self-evident Cannot reason farther from first foundational thing upon which all knowledge in a subject is based Every argument is based on an original premise and we use dialectic to get to that Enthymeme vs Syllogism o Enthymeme Way of setting up an argument in which you reason through three premises, but the first major premise is unstated because it universally known Problem: unstated premise is not always sound or agreed upon Its purpose is to persuade o Syllogism Major premise is stated Need all three parts Cannot leave out any premise without missing a part of the argument Its purpose is to discover Enthymeme and Rhetoric o Enthymeme is a means of persuasion, therefore a means of rhetoric o Two things needed to persuade: enthymeme and example Example works because it gives parallel situations and makes the claim that if something turns out a certain way before, it will again
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