chapter 2 study guide
chapter 2 study guide PSYS 130
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by carla Notetaker on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYS 130 at University of Vermont taught by Susan K. Fenstermacher in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see social psychology in Psychology at University of Vermont.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
Chapter 2: Research Methods Hypothesis tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables Theory presents a concept or idea that is testable Methods for gathering data: Self report survey, questionnaire, interview Observation interactions v. observation, research entail the description of a subjects behavior Participant used in qualitative research, observer takes part in ongoing activities and records behaviors observed Manipulation (Robber’s Cave example)type of social influence that aims to change the behavior or situation Unobtrusive measures when data is not messed with or touched out in the field Museum Example they tested to see how often they needed to replace the tiles at the exhibits and the tiles that were replaced most often suggested that this was the most popular (chick hatchery) Research designs: Observational (and example) technique whereby the researcher observes people and systematically records measurements or impressions of their behavior Correlational technique whereby two or more variables are systematically measured and the relationship between them ( how much one can be predicted from the other) is assessed Experimental the method in which the researcher randomly assigns participants to different conditions and ensures that these conditions are identical except for the independent variable Laboratory experiment in a highly controlled conditions Field experiments conducted in a natural setting rather than in the lab True At least one experimental and control group. Researchermanipulated variable. Random assignment. Quasi impact of some treatment on naturally occurring groups (no true random assignments) Natural not manipulation from experimenter (no true random assignments) Reliability consistency of research Testretest give the same test to the same individuals for consistent research Interrater different raters give the same reliability Validity refers to a test's ability to measure what it is supposed to measure InMaking sure that nothing besides the independent variable can affect the dependent variable; this is accomplished by controlling all extraneous variables and by randomly assigning people to different experimental conditions The extent to which the results of a study can be generalized to other situations and to other people Population same group of people who take part in an experiment Ecological research generalized to reallife settings Mundane realism describes the degree to which the materials and procedures involved in an experiment are similar to events that occur in the real world When do ethical issues arise? Informed Consent Agreement to participate in an experiment, granted in full awareness of the nature of the experiment, which has been explained in advance Deception Misleading participants about the true purpose of a study or the events that will actually transpire Debriefing Explaining to participants, at the end of an experiment, the true purpose of the study and exactly what transpired
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