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general community health 300-004 exam 1 study guide

by: Beatrice A.

general community health 300-004 exam 1 study guide gch 300

Marketplace > George Mason University > Public Health > gch 300 > general community health 300 004 exam 1 study guide
Beatrice A.

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this study guide cover chapter 1 through 4 important review questions for midterm test
general community health
patrice winter
Study Guide
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Beatrice A. on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to gch 300 at George Mason University taught by patrice winter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see general community health in Public Health at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
Study Guides by Beatrice Adutwumwaa School: George mason university Course: General Community Health 300­004 Professor: Patrice Winter  Exam/ Exam date: 9/30/2016 Date: 9/25/2016 Chapter 1 review questions: 2. What is public Actions that society takes collectively to ensure that the health? Conditions in which people can be healthy can occur. 3. What are the -community health refers to the health status of a differences defined group Among community Of people and the actions and conditions to promote, health, protect, and Population health, and Preserve their health Global health? -population health refers to the the health status of people who are Not organized and have no identity as a group or locality and the actions and conditions to promote, protect, and preserve their health. -Global health describes health problems, issues, and concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and solutions. 4. What are the five major Domains that -social circumstances determine a Person’s health? -environmental circumstances -genetic makeup -medical care availability behavioral choices 10. What significance It helps people live long and healthy lives. do The healthy people Documents have in Community and public Health development in Recent years? 11.What significance I think it will not only help individuals live long and do healthy lives but it You think Healthy Can teach individuals how to detect disease, prevent, People and treat it 2020 will have in the Without having to consult with a doctor years Ahead? Chapter 2 review questions 1. What -The globalization of health characteristics of Modern society -A system of top- down funding for many community necessitate programs Planning and Rapid movement of information, resources, and people organization made possible by advanced communication and transportation technologies that eliminate the need for local offices where resources were once based For community and -Limited horizontal relationships between/ among organizations Public health? -Highly developed an centralized resources in our national institutions and organizations. -Continuing concentration of wealth and population in the largest metropolitan areas 5. What are the three -Monitor health, diagnose, and investigate core Policy development Functions of public -Enforce laws, Provide care, Assure competent work force, evaluate Health? -Informs educate empower, Develop policies, and mobilize community partnerships Assurance 6. What are the 10 Monitor health status to identify community health essential problems Public health services? Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community. Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues. Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems. Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts. Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety. Link people to needed personal health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable. Assure a competent public health and personal health care workforce. Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services. Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems. 11. What are the - A governmental health organization is organizations major that are part of Differences between a The governmental structure (federal, state, or local) and that are Governmental health Funded primarily by tax dollars. Organization and a Voluntary health - a voluntary health agency is a non-profit organization agency? created by Concerned citizens to deal with health needs not met by Governmental health agencies. Chapter 3 review questions 1.What is an -epidemic is an illness that spreads fast in huge epidemic? populations in a small A pandemic? Name Amount of time. some Diseases that caused -pandemic is an illness that spreads fast worldwide in a small amount of time. Epidemics in the past. =polio, aids Name some diseases that Epidemic today: =Ebola 3.What does the term An endemic disease is a predictable condition or illness Endemic disease Ex. A cold, chicken pox, obesity in america, malaria in mean? africa Give examples of such Disease: 10. In general, In the 20th century the leading cause of death was contrast communicable diseases (pneumonia,TB, gastrointestinal The leading cause of infections)how ever a century of progress in public health death in the U.S in practice and biomedical resulted in reduction of death 1900 with 2010. from communicable diseases. The four leading cause of comment on the death in the 21th century are noncommuniable diseases differences. (heart disease, cancer, stroke and unintentional injuries) 23. How do -An experimental study is analytic study in which experimental investigators allocate Studies differ from Exposure or intervention and follow development of disease. An Observational studies? Observational study is an analytic study in which an investigator What value do they Observes the natural course of events, noting exposed have and unexposed In epidemiology? To Subjects and disease development. what Principles must Investigators adhere -non bias in Order to properly carry out An experimental study? Chapter 4 review questions: 2. Contrast the terms -Acute disease is a disease that lasts 3 months or less acute Disease and chronic -chronic disease is a disease or health condition that lasts longer than Disease. Provide 3 Three months. examples Of each type of -acute:cold,flu,strep throat disease: -chronic: diabetes, asthma, kidney disease 3. Contrast the terms - a communicable disease is an illness caused by some specific Communicable Biological agent or its toxic products that can be disease and transmitted from an Non communicable Infected person, animal, or inanimate reservoire to disease. susceptible Provide 3 examples of Host. Ex. HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis. Each type of disease: -non-communicable disease is a disease that cannot be transmitted be Transmitted from infected host to susceptible host Ex. Alzheimer's, Asthma, Chronic Kidney Disease 9. Explain the -primary: preventing disease from happening. Ex: difference vaccines Between primary, -secondary: disease has already happened so trying to contain it, or get Secondary, and Rid of it And make sure it doesn’t spread or get worse. tertiary Prevention and Ex: mammograms, medication, screenings provide Example of each: -tertiary: rehab after disease. Ex:follow ups, surgery 10.What is the chain -it is the process in which infections happens step to step. Infection model of disease Transmission. draw the Model and label its parts: 11. Again referring to Reservoir= sex organ the Chain of infection, Prevention= wear latex condom indicate How prevention and Primary prevention control Strategies could be Implemented to interrupt The transmission of Gonorrhea.Are most of These strategies primary, Secondary or tertiary Prevention measures? 12.Define the - case: a person who is sick with a disease following Terms- case, -carrier: a person or animal that harbors a specific carrier,vector, communicable Vehicle. Agent in the absence of discernible clinical disease and serves as A potential source of infection to others. -vector: a living organism, usually an arthropod, that can transmit A communicable disease agent to a susceptible host. -vehicle: an inanimate material or object that can serve as a source Of infection. 15. Explain the -vaccines help to prevent cases of diseases and saved importance the lives of Of vaccinations or Millions of People around the world. Immunizations in Preventing diseases in the Community:


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