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Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Shelby

Exam 1 Study Guide History 1302



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Chapters 1-5
History 1301
J. Overfelt
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shelby on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to History 1302 at Southwest Texas Junior College taught by J. Overfelt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see History 1301 in United states history at Southwest Texas Junior College.


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Date Created: 09/25/16
History 1301 Exam I Study Guide 1. Who was Montezuma? Leader of the Aztecs, he mistakes Cortez for a God. 2. What type of colonies are Maryland and Virginia? (geographically) middle colonies 3. What nation became the first to look for another route to the East? Portugal 4. What group did Spain finally conquer in Granada in early 1492? Moors 5. What are the four institutions of Spanish settlement? 1. Missions 2. Presidio 3. Villages 4. Ranches 6. What two diseases led to the demise of the Native American? Small Pox & Measles (Cholera) 7. What two desirable items from the Far East led to a search for a western route to the East? Pepper & Gold 8. What are the names of the ships used on the Columbus expedition? Nina Pinta & Santa Maria 9. What type of colonies are Connecticut and Plymouth? (geographically) New England Colonies 10.What religious group found refuge in Maryland? Catholics 11.Which Indian groups were found in the Northeast? Mohawks, Senecas, Iroqouis 12.What became the cash crop of Virginia? Tobacco 13.What are other cash crops of the south? Tobacco rice and indigo 14.What is Common Sense and who wrote it? Common Sense challenged the British authority, and talked to the common people of the colonies. It spoke in such a way that the commoners could understand the declaration of independence. It was written by Thomas Paine 15.What religious group found refuge in Pennsylvania? Quakers 16.What did the British troops do to Concord after the first shots of the revolution were fired? They burned it to the ground. 17. What was the most horrendous part of the slaves’ passage to America? The Middle Passage, where they were crammed onto ships, had to live in their own filth, and thrown overboard if they were sickly. 18.What is The Stamp Act? Introduced in 1765 as a replacement for the sugar act, tax on paper goods, people had to purchase specially embossed paper for all newspapers, legal documents, licenses, even dice and playing cards, boycotts immediately begin and the sons of liberty formed. 19.What is Shay’s Rebellion? A series of protests by farmers against tax collectors. Public outbreak over debt. 20.Which commodity produced the Boston crisis of 1773? 45 tons of tea.Taxing the import of tea, and receiving secondhand tea leaves. 21.What name was given to those who remained loyal to Great Britain? Loyalists 22.Which Indian groups were from the Southwest? Apaches & Pueblos 23.Which river helped with the transportation in the early stages of America? St. Lawrence River 24.What types of colonies are Georgia and South Carolina? (geographically) Southern 25.Who was the General of the Continental Army? George Washington 26.In what war was France defeated? French & Indian War 27.Who was Martin Alonzo Pinzon? A Spanish explorer and navigator who sailed with Christopher Columbus, captain of the Pinta, he is remembered as being disloyal and competitive with Christopher Columbus. 28.What became a direct tax on colonies? The Sugar Act, stamp act, Townshend Act 29.The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point in the American Revolution and led to additional help from which nation? France 30.Where was the “Shot heard ‘round the world” fired? Lexington & Concord 31.Who surrendered at Yorktown in 1783? Cornwallis, the British 32.Help from what country allowed Washington to defeat the British? France 33.Who was the Spanish leader who conquered the Aztecs? Cortez 34.Which Indian groups were found in the South? Cherokees & Creeks


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