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Review Part 1

by: Derrick Collins

Review Part 1 Psy 3070

Derrick Collins

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If you have already made your own study guide, don't purchase this one because it doesn't add any new information that hasn't been covered in class.
Research Methods
Dr. Stuart E. Bernstein
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Research Methods

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Derrick Collins on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psy 3070 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Stuart E. Bernstein in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychology (PSYC) at Middle Tennessee State University.

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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)


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Date Created: 09/25/16
Derrick Collins Stuart E. Bernstein Psychology 3070- 001: Research Methods Book: The Process of Research in Psychology 3 edition. Mc Bride, D.M. (2015) Review: Part 1  There are many ways that you may know things. o Intuition: relying on common sense as a means of knowing about the world. o Deduction: using logical reasoning and current (aka, preexistent) knowledge as a means of knowing about the world. o Authority: relying on a knowledgeable person or group as a means of knowing about the world. o * Observation: relying on what one observes as a means of knowing the world.  Best way to find facts.  The reliability of observation is why psychologists perform behavioral research. o By conducting careful and systematic observations, researchers can be certain that they are getting the most accurate knowledge they can about behavior o Different ways of observing behavior may yield different observations and these different observations help us to better understand how behaviors occur. o Some behaviors, called mental processes, can’t be directly observed.  One must have knowledge of the methods by which researchers observe, measure, and study behavior and mental processes to determine how to gain accurate information concerning behaviors that can’t be directly observed.  How We Use Scientific Method o There are five canons that define the scientific method:  Empiricism: gaining knowledge through systematic observation of the world.  Observing behavior gives researchers a more accurate understanding of the causes of behaviors than other methods.  We use empiricism by: o Observing people in their natural environment. o Asking them to complete a survey. o Asking them to come to a lab or work on a computer to fill out a questionnaire or survey.  It’s important to replicate observations because one is not enough to tell that the knowledge is accurate. o You can make more confident conclusions about how behavior works when observations have been replicated.  Determinism: The assumption that phenomena have identifiable causes.  We can understand factors that cause behavior  Multiple causes my affect behaviors.  Researchers use the descriptions of behaviors to understand their causes and identifying factors related to behavior, as well as understand the testing of potential causes for the behavior.  Parsimony: the assumption that the simplest explanation of a phenomenon is most likely to be correct.  More complex explanations should be developed only after simpler explanations have failed to support the findings of key studies.  Helps scientists because it is easier to falsify a simple explanation than a complex one.  Testability: the assumption that explanations of behavior can be tested and falsified through observation.  Falsifiability can provide a strong test for an explanation. (i.e. a strong test results from the likeliness that you can disprove the explanation)  * Confirmation Bias: seeking only evidence that supports our beliefs and ignoring evidence that contradicts those beliefs. o When an accepted explanation is not supported, it changes the direction of the investigation forward in gaining new knowledge. o With clear predictions, you can design good tests and avoid conformation bias.  Basic and Applied Research o Basic Research: Research conducted with goal of understanding fundamental processes of phenomena. o Applied Research: research conducted to solve everyday problems.  * Applications of basic research may not be obvious when initially conducted. o External Validity: the degree to which the results of a study apply to individuals and realistic behaviors outside the study.  Knowledge from applied research can help refine basic research and theories.  Why Should I Care? o Much of what we know comes from research.  Psychologist must evaluate the latest research to aid their practice.  You must remain flexible in your conclusions. o *Understanding research methods can also help you better interpret research that is reported in the media.  Research methods may help you decide how to evaluate the claims of others.


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