New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

BIO 112-001, Study Guide for Exam 1

by: Allison Reckelhoff

BIO 112-001, Study Guide for Exam 1 Bio 112-001

Marketplace > Indiana State University > Bio 112-001 > BIO 112 001 Study Guide for Exam 1
Allison Reckelhoff

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These note will cover exam
Human Aspects of Biology
Karla Hansen-Speer
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Human Aspects of Biology

Popular in Department

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Allison Reckelhoff on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 112-001 at Indiana State University taught by Karla Hansen-Speer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 93 views.


Reviews for BIO 112-001, Study Guide for Exam 1


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/25/16
BIO 112 Study guide for Exam 1 The exam is multiple choice and will cover all the material from August 23 to September 22. Questions will be based on readings, and class lecture/activities, including Mastering assignments and quizzes. Key terms Hypothesis- a tentative, Producers- organism that testable explanation of an makes its own food observed phenomenon Consumers- organism that Theory- a general set of preys or eat something already principles, supported by produced or another organism evidence, that explains some aspect of nature Trophic cascade- Only 10% of the energy gets transferred up Scientific Method- principles the chain and procedures for the Keystone species- a species systematic pursuit of whose absences from a knowledge involving the community would bring about recognition and formulation of a significant change in that problem, the collection of data community through observation and experiment, and the Biological classification- formulation and testing of Species, Genus, Family, Order, hypotheses. Class, Phylum, Kingdom, Domain Trophic levels- position in ecosystem’s food chain or web; Carl Linnaeus- Binomial each level is defined by the Nomenclatures transfer of energy from one type of organism to another Michael Pollan- Omnivore’s Detrivores- Decomposers Dilemma First Level: Primary Industrial (Conventional) Producers Agriculture Second Level: Herbivores Industrial Organic (Primary Consumers) Agriculture Third Level: Predators Local (Organic) Agriculture (Secondary Consumers; Hunting/Gathering Carnivores) Fourth Level: Tertiary Scientific binomial (genus Consumers (Eat other species) Carnivores) 1 Omnivore- Organism that eats Intrinsic rate of increase (r) both, other organisms and Environmental resistance plants Thomas Malthus IPAT equation Carnivore- organism that eats Nikolai Vavilov- identified the other organisms centres of origin of cultivated plants Herbivore- organism that eats plants C3 and C4 plants- oxygenase activity of Rubisco, C4 plants are Food chain/food web- a commonly seen in dry and high hierarchical series of organisms temperature areas each dependent on the next as a source of food Photosynthesis- process by which certain groups of Ecosystems- a system organisms capture energy from involving the interactions sunlight and convert this solar between a community of living energy into chemical energy organisms in a particular area that is initially stored in a and its nonliving environment carbohydrate Agroecology- study of Light reactions- light- ecological processes that dependent reactions take place operate in agricultural in the thylakoid membranes, the production systems light-independent reactions take place in the stroma Domestication- to convert an organism to use for domestic Calvin Cycle- the set of steps in uses photosynthesis in which Organic agriculture- relies on Green Revolution- refers to a sustainable techniques to set of research, development, enhance the natural fertility of a and technology transfer farm initiatives occurring between the Demographic transition 1930s and the late 1960s (with Biotic and abiotic prequels in the work of the Biogeochemical cycling agrarian geneticist Nazareno Carbon cycle Strampelli in the 1920s and Nitrogen cycle 1930s), that increased Ecology agricultural production Population worldwide, particularly in the Exponential growth – When developing world, beginning population increase drastically most markedly in the late Arithmetic growth 1960s. Logistic growth Carrying capacity (K) 2 Stroma- in plants and algae, Rosalind Franklin- Use x-ray the liquid material of diffraction to see double helix in chloroplasts that is the site of DNA the Calvin cycle Four bases: A, T, G, C Chloroplasts Point mutation Thylakoids Mutagens Rubisco- enzyme mRNA Photorespiration Ribosomes GMO Restriction enzymes DNA Plasmid Watson and Crick- studied Transgenic DNA, credit was given to them PCR 3 Questions  What are the characteristics of living things?  What does “Life is hierarchical” mean?  Where does the energy for all the food we eat ultimately come from?  Given a field of grain that you can feed to either people (primary consumers) or cows who are then eaten by people (secondary consumers), how come you can feed more vegetarians (primary consumers) than meat eaters (secondary consumers) from the same plot of land?  What are the main steps in the carbon cycle?  How are humans part of the carbon cycle and the nitrogen cycle?  What effect on an aquatic ecosystem can nitrogen runoff have? In other words, what happens to rivers and oceans when too much nitrogen fertilizer gets into the water?  How many people live on Earth today?  How might an ecologist count a population of alligators? Of butterflies?  Describe the growth of the population of starlings introduced to New York City in the 1890s.  When looking at a graph of human population from 10,000 years ago to present, what shape (what type of growth) does it exhibit?  What sort of things might an ecologist study?  Based on what you know of the nitrogen cycle, why would a farmer rotate crops between corn and soybeans?  What are the selective pressures used in agriculture that have changed the morphology of domesticated plants and animals?  When did agriculture first begin?  What did Nikolai Vavilov discover about the origins of agriculture?  What part of photosynthesis fixes carbon dioxide, and thus starts the carbon cycle?  What are the inputs and outputs of photosynthesis?  What are the key actions in the Light Reaction?  What makes up the handrails of DNA?  How is DNA replicated?  How does DNA mutate? What effect might a mutation have on an organism?  What kind of mutations are passed on to offspring?  Describe how DNA from one organism can be inserted into another organism.  Give an example of a GMO (transgenic) food crop.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.