GEOG 1010 Exam 2 Study Guide
GEOG 1010 Exam 2 Study Guide GEOG 1010
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashleigh McClure on Sunday September 25, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Jim Norwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 607 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/25/16
STUDY GUIDE EXAM NO 2 GEOG 1010 1. Know which countries contain a portion of the Amazon River. • Brazil • Peru • Ecuador • Bolivia • Colombia • Venezuela 2. Be able to deﬁne an Altiplano. • High elevation valleys and basins 3. Understand where the Inca Empire was located. Where was the center? • The Inca Empire was located in Peru • The center was the intermontane basin around Cuzco. 4. Be able to locate the area of South America that is dominated by persons of European ancestry. • The most “Latin” part of South America • Parts of Chile, Argentina, Uruguay 5. Know which South American country had the most persons of African descent. • Brazil • Over half of the population of 201 million people 6. Be able to locate, on a map, where the African-origin ethnic groups lived. • Venezeula, French Guiana, around the coast 7.Study and understand Figure 3-6 in your text (which is also in the power points) entitled “Population Cartogram of South America.” 8. Know where the Andes mountain are. 9. What is the major river in the “Caribbean North” in South America? • The Magdalena River 10. Study the map of The Caribbean North. Familiarize yourself with the maps legend. • Page 104, Figure 3-9 11. Be able to locate Lake Titicaca. 12. Know the relationship between Argentina, the Falkland Islands and Great Britain. • The Falkland War or “The Falkland Crisis” • 10 week war in 1982 between Argentina and GB for control of Falkland Islands • Argentina invaded and occupied April 2nd • On April 5th GB retaliated and they fought for 74 days • Argentina surrendered and GB gained control of the islands • Following a meeting in Madrid in 1989, both countries issued a statement but no changes were made. • Argentina still feels like the islands are their territory. 13. Where are Chile’s copper mines? • Northern Chile • Mainly on the eastern margin of the Atacama Desert near Chuquicamata not far from the port of Antofagasta 14. Know the capitals and countries in South America. • Argentina- Buenos Aires • Bolivia- Sucre • Brazil- Brasília • Chile- Santiago • Colombia- Bogotá • Ecuador- Quito • Guyana- Georgetown • Paraguay- Asuncíon • Peru-Lima • Suriname- Paramaribo • Uruguay- Montevideo • Venezuela- Caracas 15. Be familiar with South America’s population pattern (Look at a Map) 16.Where do most of the people live in Chile? • Middle Chile • 90% of the 17.6 million people live here • Includes capital Santiago and major port Valparaíso 17. Understand Europe’s Relative Location. • At the crossroads of the land hemisphere • The land hemisphere is half of the globe containing the greatest amount of land surface, concentrated in Western Europe • “A peninsula of peninsulas” • At the heart of the land hemisphere • Maximum efﬁciency for contact with the rest of the world • Every part of Europe is close to the sea • Navigable waterways • Moderate distances 18. Study Figure 4-3 in your text, Europe’s Physical Landscapes. It’s also in the power points. 19. Know what happened after World War II concerning Nationalism. • After WWII, Europe was fractured and tensions were growing • Nationalism is deﬁned as national pride, pride and patriotism • There was growing nationalism from “winning” countries from the war and caused Europe to come together to build back the economy, eventually creating the euro and the EU. 20. What was the major program that helped Western Europe get back on its feet? • The Marshall Plan in 1948 • The Marshall Plan was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion to rebuild Western European countries 21. Know what is going on now in Europe concerning migration. • Major immigration is offsetting Europe’s population deﬁcit • Large numbers of Muslims are settling in Europe are causing cities such as London, Paris, Hamburg and Brussels to be heavily concentrated 22. Know the deﬁnition of Supranationalism. • A venture involving three or more states • Political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives • European supranationalism started with the 1944 economic Benelux Agreement, an economic union between Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg 23. What is meant by the term Devolution? • The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government—examples: • Scotland and Wales in the United Kingdom • Linguistic and cultural differences in Belgium 24. What does Gross Domestic Product (GDP) mean? • The total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year. 25. Study Figure 4-8 in your text. Get an idea where the wealthy people live and the not-so-wealthy people. 26. What is NATO? • North Atlantic Treaty Agreement • A military alliance of European and North American democracies founded after World War II to strengthen international ties between member states—especially the United States and Europe—and to serve as a counter-balance to the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. 27. Look at Figure 4-10 in your text. “NATO Membership in Europe” 28. Which countries joined after 1949? • Spain • Germany • Poland • Czech Republic • Slovakia • Hungary • Croatia • Romania • Bulgaria • Albania • Greece • Lithuania • Latvia • Estonia • Turkey 29. What is the European Union (EU)? • An association of European nations formed in 1993 for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration. • Incorporating the European Community 30. Where is the EU administrative headquarters? • Brussels in Belgium 31. What is an Exclave? • A portion of territory of one state completely surrounded by territory of another or others, as viewed by the home territory. 32. Where is Russia’s exclave? • Kaliningrad on the Baltic Sea • Sandwiched between Poland to south and Lithuania to the north and east 33. Where is the Iberian Peninsula? What is the landscape like? • Oceanic climate, transitions into Mediterranean Europe from the rugged Pyrenees Mtns 34.What is the Ancona Line? • An invisible line extending from Rome to the Adriatic coast at Ancona 35. What area of Spain is very active in the process of devolution? • Catalonia • The Basque Country • Galicia 36. Where do most of the population of Russia live? • The majority of the 227 million people live in western and southwestern Russia 37. What is continentality? • Inland climatic environment remote from moderating and moistening maritime inﬂuences 38. Know the difference in Climate and weather. • Climate: is how the atmosphere “behaves” over a relatively long period of time • Weather: is what conditions the atmosphere are over a short period of time 39. Study the climate map of Russia. Figure 5-3 in your text. 40. Which climate types does Russia have? • Dry Climate (B) • Humid Temperate Climate (C) • Humid Cold Climate (D) • Cold Polar Climate (E) • Highland Climate (H) 41. Know the main mountain chain in Russia. • The Ural Mountains 42. How big is Russia time zone wise? • They have 11 time zones • There is no daylight savings time 43. What was the prime motivation for Russia’s colonial expansion? • Access to warm-water ports 44. Where is Chechnya? 45. Understand the relationship between Russia and Chechnya. • The southern Russian republic of Chechnya has long been a boiling point for conﬂict with Moscow in the restive North Caucasus. • After a decade of unsuccessfully ﬁghting for independence, the autonomous region is now ﬁrmly under the control of its Russian-appointed leader, Ramzan Kadyrov, although separatist groups continue low-level guerrilla attacks. • In addition, jihadist groups, including those aligned with Islamic State terrorist organization, exist in the region. 46. What are the characteristics of a country’s Core Area? • It often contains a state's capital city. • It incorporates the nation's largest population cluster. • It contains the region with the country's most efﬁcient communications networks.
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