Exam 1 in-class study guide
Exam 1 in-class study guide Pers 2001
Popular in Perspective: Commparative Culture
Popular in Department
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Danie Kwong Moses on Monday September 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Pers 2001 at Georgia State University taught by Julie Kubla in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
Perspectives and Comparative Cultures Kubla Exam 1 In-class Review Know the main arguments. Questions will ask one to evaluate, and share their own opinion about the text. “Killing us Softly” Kilbourne (In-Class Video) “you have the right to remain sexy” how women are overly-sexualized in the media and advertisements, undoubtedly. It is arguable about how this impacts women: not only do they set un-realistic beauty standards, but they also provide social clues. • Superiority vs. Inferiority – male is represented as active, aggressive, the smaller woman is to ‘take up less space’. In addition, if gender is not the clue race will be. If there is another race involved in the advertisement, this other race will be submissive. • American Ideal: self-transformation. There is a narrative set out that if we worked hard enough, we can turn ourselves into the fantasy that we want to achieve. Weight, fitness, skin complexion… o Capitalism – we buy into the market economy because we have the idea that our looks are very significant. It is toxic to our psychological worth to place value within the objects that are meant to “enhance out bodies” o Although it is advertised that we have these consumerist freedoms, it takes the meaning out of context. Freedom is evacuated of its innate value. What was originally freedom? Now we are chained to the products that we buy • Men can be effected, too. o Agency: male characters are meant to be ‘identified with’, while there is objectification towards the woman. The woman is a thing, or even part of her, is given attention. Not her as a personality. • Dehumanization – if a woman is not perceived as being ‘pretty, attractive, successful’ where physical traits come first. There is a narrower margin for what is ‘okay’ to visually resemble as a woman. • INNOCENCE – is eroticized in our culture, “because innocence is sexier than you think” , associated with the power- women who look innocent are easier to over-power. If we are “protecting” innocence while we are ‘eroticizing” it, is so we can continue to perpetuate fantasies. Walkerdine – We live in a world where is denied that there is common sexualization of girls in pop-culture. It is fundamentally contradictory, because our society wants to condemn ‘pedophilia’, yet we find young girls attractive. There is DANGER because both of these things dehumanizes the child… nobody thinks that the young girl has self-control, or agency, about what she’s doing. Without adult intervention, children shouldn’t be exposed to this pop-culture. Children have their own agency to navigate pop culture. • Agency = ‘slut’; hyper-sexualized. If a young girl is thought to be unaware of how sexy she is, then we cannot blame her for being a home-wrecking seductress. • Individualized: anytime the issue of a child’s erotization is voiced, or called attention to by the individual, that individual is socially outcasted. Instead of addressing the fact that society as a group share this interest, we single out anyone who voices. • Fantasy put onto ‘working-class’ girls – is the object of ‘mass projection’… is she is cute, preforming femininity properly, we will fix out social problems who are seducing daddy war bucks – the closed-hearted wealthy, will learn to love the poor because she provides a connection in- between what is undesirable (poor) • Joan Ramsey (icon of innocent) and Honey Boo Boo (anything but innocent) LaVine “The Sexual Politics of Fear” – its okay for us to sexualize kids, but if they have their own agency there is a problem. Think: parents, and sex ed. SHEPLER, “THE RITES OF THE CHILD”:GLOBAL DISCOURSE OF YOUTH AND REINTEGRATING CHILD SOLIDERS IN SIERRA LEONE – Children are the future of any society, but this is not understood in all African countries. Beginning to re-train the mentalities of child soldiers is difficult because they were denied the family relationships, a sense of community, and education. These children were separated from their society at a very young age. They were often kidnapped and or drugged (I de grap pan dem)* on multiple occasions from and during their abduction. Due to this de-sensitization, these boys and girls were found to have a “discourse of abdictates responsibility” (Sheppler, pg. 199) where they had inflicted heinous crimes such as murder and assault to other tribal communities under the command of their warlord. This is a whole new level of inability to take responsibility for ones own actions. In the western world, we believe that it is an inherent right to have a directive over one’s own life, and to treat others as you would like to be treated, and to understand that your actions have consequences. These children missed that memo… Only through acknowledging that they were not in control of their heinous crimes can they even approach the concept of self-awareness, or agency. It is because they are now formulating the ideas of approaching a better life , and previously, they did not have this idea. Even pre-war life was more difficult than any Western child could potentially fathom. This is because child-labor laws prevent children in our society from working, anywhere, regardless if it is in humane condition or not. Often times, the children of Sierra Leone are forced to work in what we would deem unsafe and inhumane hard, manual labor. It is a new concept in Sierra Leone that anyone under the age of 18 is a minor and should not be heild accountable for their actions. “Fit ya”(disrespectful) – a term used to describe a state of mind that an ex-solider can go into after or during the re-integration process, where they wish to act like they are better than other people because of their newly-discovered rites. Some ex-soliders find it difficult to know their own place at the bottom of society (due to age), since they had experienced what it is like to over-power their elders. Workers of NGO work with the children in order to approach one paradoxical goal: to teach them how to “stand up for themselves”, while “knowing their place in society” “don baranta” – translation: boys gone wild. Describes scenarios of tension between the now tame, ex-soliders, and the jealous/ indignant natives of a population who continue to live in low standard as the ex-soliders are given preferential treatment. This disturbs a community because the children who had grown up there their whole lives, with their families, who are contributive members to their society, are denied the aide that is given to the ex-villan outsiders. Even worse, if the fact that this help is usually administered by more outsiders. “I de grap dan dem” – a term for the narcotic/hallucinogenic drugs that are used to control the mind of the victimized child soldiers, to crete aggression and suppress rebellion. ICC (Interim Care Center) – a name for centers set up within a 3 world community that is meant to aide the re-integrating child soldiers with funds for education, training for skilled labor, food, shelter, and clean water. NGO – Non – governmental agency. They administer help.
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