Test 2 Study Guide
Test 2 Study Guide HIST 1311-010
Popular in US history to 1865
Popular in History
This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elizabeth Fortanely on Monday September 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
Study Guide Test 2 Key terms are highlighted Articles of Confederation Concepts Context Impact Articles of Confederation Purposefully weak to Weak economy Congress avoid tyrannical British- Weak army Established first style rule Statehood process central government 1 state vote legislature No executive/judiciary branch No federal income tax Worsened by Britain Weak power Donations from taxing/stealing American state tariffs goods No peacetime army until 1947 Differing economic systems Isolated weak currency N/S dichotomy Land Ordinance 1785 Land disputes in Ohio Congress has power to Headright system after Treaty of Paris administer territory Northwest Ordinance Small states vs large Established statehood 1787 states process Northwest territory Old states vs theoretical 60,000 residents new states split into 5 states Constitution Bans slavery Petition Equal prestige for new and old colonies Annapolis Convention 5 states After Shay’s rebellion, Failed attempt by meet as Constitutional Alexander Convention to change Hamilton to reform government government Shays’ Rebellion Daniel Shays led Key in creation of Tax revolt attacking farmers stronger government Army state courts No army Reduces democratic liberty o Threat to private property Taxes o Pay bond holders Writing a Constitution Concepts Context Impact Constitutional Convention of Failed Articles of Rewrote 1787 Confederation allowed Articles of Debate over: Shays’ rebellion Confederatio State representation n to have o Slavery population stronger representation national government Alexander Hamilton Federalist leader Wrote Federalist Early advocate for Papers reformed government Thomas Jefferson Anti-Federalist leader Wrote Declaration of Independence James Madison Follower of Thomas Wrote Constitution Jefferson New Jersey Plan Favored by North Led to Great Equal representation Compromise No slave vote Virginia Plan Favored by South Led to Great Population representation Compromise Slave vote Great Compromise State representation Established Benjamin Franklin argument Bicameral Roger Sherman Legislature o Created Three-Fifths Compromise Slavery population In Constitution to Slave=3/5 person representation present Property Slave Trade compromise No discussion of slavery for 20 years Federalists Anti-Federalists Pro- Alexander Hamilton need to be Constitution James Madison convinced that The John Jay strong government Federalist won’t rob liberty Papers Foundation for future political parties Anti-federalists Argued Bill of Rights Constitution lacked Foundation for basic statement of future political rights parties Constitution Fears lower class System of Protects tyranny by will vote government government, people themselves power to present Checks and Balances o Slaves Margin of Separation of Powers o Poor victory in o Executive Women irrational Electoral o Legislative College Senate inaccurately House of represents Representati margin in ves popular vote o Judicial Republic (Rich White Adult Men) o Vote Tilden v. Hayes Bush v. Gore o The Federalist Period Concepts Context Impact George Washington 1 president 2-term presidency Cabinet Aftermath of Avoided excessive o Alexander Constitution power Hamilton o Legitimacy Avoided Entangling (Finances) o Federal/state Alliances o Thomas power Jefferson o Internal o Henry Knox conflicts (Military) o John Adams Judiciary Act of 1789 James Madison Supreme Courts o Federalist deciphers Constitution Papers Alexander Hamilton Massive war debt Strict Construction Domestic affairs under Necessary and Proper None of the Loose Construction Clause policies were in Establish credit- “The Congress Constitution worthiness shall have Power… Expected o Report on To make all Laws government to be Public Credit which shall be limited by the text Debt necessary and of the Constitution is proper for carrying Bargain with Hamilton major into Execution the Didn’t want to pay proble foregoing Powers, for Northern war and all other m debt o US Powers vested by US Capital in south government this Constitution in Whiskey Rebellion assumes the Government of the United States, Hurts Southern state debt farmers Create a national or in any Put down by debt Department or o Funding and Officer thereof.” military -US Constitution Assumption o Bonds (Article 1, Section o Rich people 8, Clause 18) stake in nation’s success Whiskey tax Create a Bank of the United States French Revolution Creation of parties French Genet o Hires American ships to attack British British Impressment of Americans Battle of Fallen Timbers o British supplied Indian rebellion Federalists Alexander Strong central Hamilton government o Federalist Manufacturing Papers o Protect John Adams creditors Supports Britain Loose Construction Practical Anti-federalists Thomas Jefferson (Democratic- o Declaration Republicans) of Weak central Independenc government e States protect James Madison rights Supports France Agrarian Strict Construction Idealistic John Jay Author of Federalist Avoids war with Britain Jay Treaty Papers Improved relations between Britain and US Washington’s call for French Revolution Warned against baneful unity effects of party John Adams 2ndpresident Overreacted to Election of 1796 Federalist problems with Vice President was France Thomas Jefferson Wanted o Anti- commercial federalist relations with Britain XYZ Affairs 3 French emissaries Created US attempted to extort bribe hysteria against from US France Alien and Sedation Acts Taking advantage Virginia and Kentucky Lengthens period Resolutions of US hysteria to be citizen Aimed at French Violated American Criminalizes hate liberties speech about Compact Theory government and Nullification o States protect people Revolution of 1800 Last day for Adam to Federalists dominate Judiciary Act of appoint judges judicial branch after 1801 Adam’s presidency Midnight Judges The Rise of American Slavery Concepts Context Impact American Slavery Central Africa Origins of racial o Indentured slaves o Nearby divide wouldn’t voluntarily o Existing Chattel slavery work in fields, no system of educational gain slavery Positive Good Used as justification for Greecian/Roman John C. Calhoun slavery slavery being a positive Biblical passages good Natural order Grecian/Roman Chattel Frowned upon in Aspired to make slavery Slavery England chattel slavery instead of o Serfs coerced labor o Treated well No racial divisions Biblical Passages Inequality in Natural order God creation of Slaves Living universe “benefitted” from o People slavery Econo mic Religio us o Animals o Plants Nonliving Southern Plantation Planters Poor whites Culture o Wealthy extremely racist to Planter Class o “Yeoman” uphold legal/social farmers status Slaves Slaves are measure of wealth
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