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CJUS-P200 Exam #1 Study Guide

by: Olivia Notetaker

CJUS-P200 Exam #1 Study Guide CJUS-P 200

Marketplace > Indiana University > CJUS-P 200 > CJUS P200 Exam 1 Study Guide
Olivia Notetaker


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These notes cover what is going to be covered in the next test
Theories of Crime and Deviance
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Monday September 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CJUS-P 200 at Indiana University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
CJUS P200 Dr. Brauer Exam #1 Study Guide Remember, you are responsible for all material covered in the readings and lectures up to the date of the first exam. This study guide is meant to serve as an overview of basic things you should know and not necessarily a comprehensive list of test material. Defining & Measuring Crime • What is a crime? o Criminological versus legalistic approach o Norms; folkways, mores & laws o Culpability & legal defense; mala prohibita & mala in se o Relativity of crime and deviance • Measuring Crime o Understand and be able to evaluate (i.e. strengths and weaknesses) of the three common sources of criminological data. What does each add to the study of criminal behavior, what does each miss? How/why do different sources of criminological data produce different results in regards to the same substantive question? o Official statistics (e.g., UCR)  Types of UCR crimes and their classification (i.e. Part I and Part II)  What is the UCR measuring? What is not measured in the UCR? o NCVS  How is it collected? Who are the respondents? Overlap with UCR: Which crimes are included? Which crime are excluded? What else is measured in the NCVS?  What is the dark figure of crime? o Self-report studies (e.g. NYS, Monitoring the Future)  What types of crimes do they typically measure?  Convenience vs. Random/Probability sample • Population, generalizability, representativeness  Prevalence vs. incidence o Quantitative vs. Qualitative research  What are the key differences between these two methods for studying crime?  Deductive vs. inductive research Principles of causality • What is a fact? o What is the difference between definitions, facts, and hypotheses? • Scientific Method o Experimental methods vs. observational methods  How are they different? Which is more common in criminological research? o Variables  Independent vs. Dependent • Causality o Simple vs. complex “causes” o Correlation vs. Causation o Three basic criteria for establishing causality o Mediation and moderation Correlates of Crime • What is a correlate? • What are the key correlates of crime? How are they related to crime? How reliable are they (i.e. are they consistent across different types of data and measures of crime)? o Prior criminality, Criminal peers, Geographic location, Age, Gender, SES, Race/ethnicity o Which two correlates have perhaps the strongest associations with crime?  Correlation debate: persistent heterogeneity vs. cumulative continuity  Correlation debate: selection vs. socialization • What is a crime rate and why/how do we use it? o How do you calculate a crime rate? Introduction to Criminological Theory • What is a paradigm? o Why do they matter? o What are the two major theoretical paradigms regarding the origins of law?  Consensus vs. Conflict  What assumptions do they make about society & origins/functions of law? • What is a scientific theory? o What is the purpose of a scientific theory? How do theories fit with the goals of science? o What are the goals of science? o Describe the scientific process. o What are the components of an adequate general theory of crime? o What are the key characteristics on which we evaluate theories? (Parsimony; scope; logical consistency; testability; empirical validity; policy implications) • Historical explanations of crime o How did “pre-classical” societies tend to explain rule-violating behaviors? o How did “pre-classical” societies respond to criminal offenses? Why? • Age of Enlightenment o Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan  What assumptions did Hobbes make about human nature?  What is the social contract? • Classical School of Criminology o What were the classical school’s key ideas about punishment and control? o What lasting impacts did their ideas have on our criminal laws and justice system? o Beccaria’s ideas about social control & deterrence  Capital punishment (e.g., social contract; deterrence/brutalization; duration/intensity)  Elements of effective punishment (i.e., swiftness; certainty; severity)  Specific & general deterrence o According to classical criminologists, why do people engage in crime? o What basic assumptions did classical criminologists make about human behavior?  Deliberative actor & Utilitarian actor assumptions • Positivist School of Criminology o How did Lombroso explain crime? o How did Lombroso challenge classical criminology’s notions of free will & culpability? o What are the general principles of positivism? o Is science completely “value-free”? What are some scientific values?


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