Art 221 Exam 1
Popular in Honors Art History Survey I
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Cassidy_SWK2018 on Monday September 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Art 221 at Meredith College taught by Dr. Beth Mulvaney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Honors Art History Survey I in Art at Meredith College.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
1. Typical of the Ancient Near East a. Use of registers b. Hierarchical scale c. Composite figures – part human and part animal d. Frontal torso and profile hip e. Heralidic composition – symmetrical top register used as a visual stopping point f. Often used mud baked brick in building because they didn’t have stone quarries g. Stylized hair and beards h. Their goal in most of their art was to show the greatness and invincibility of their king (especially Assyria) i. These warlike cultures often tried to articulate musculature j. They weren’t very concerned with distance or making their pictures to scale k. Used their art as propaganda to intimidate 2. Typical of Ancient Egypt: Predynastic period a. Profile legs and hips, but frontal torso b. Showcases strength of pharohs c. Enemies are naked d. references to the Pharoh as a god (ex. Narmer and Horus) e. divine right to rule f. Hieroglyphs were designed to be legible and clear 3. Typical of Ancient Egypt: Old Kingdom a. Building often made with stone, they had stone quarries b. Mastaba – slope-sided rectangular slab placed over top of a subterranean tomb c. Phaorohs were idealized as youthful and powerful d. Stuatues were carved stiffly so they wouldn’t break over time and the ka could reside there forever e. Hierarchical composition f. Very detailed and accurate scenery even if important figure is idealistic g. Subtractive sculpture – artist begins with a block and subtracts from it to create an image 4. Typical of ancient Egypt: Middle kingdom a. We barely talked about this in class, nothing to note from the lectures! 5. Typical of Ancient Egypt: Neew kingdom a. Queen Hatshesut was sometimes depicted as a man b/c men were so idyllic 6. Typical of Ancient Egypt: Amarna a. More focused on life and the living than death and the afterlife b. Less idealized than other periods c. Less musculature in people d. Curvilinear forms e. More informal scenes f. Representation of children as the forefront g. Only period with monotheism 7. Typical of Ancient Egypt: Late period a. Faces show age and aren’t idealized 8. Typical of Cycladic art a. Geometric shapes comprise figures b. Positive space – actul form of the object and the space it takes up c. Negative space – space that surrounds that form, it often plays an important role 9. Typical of Minoan art a. Minoan columns were made of wood; the shaft is wider at top, but gently tapers to bottom b. Column capitals are like a donut c. Art was peaceful and decorative rather than a program of power and intimidation d. Curvilinear e. Profile faces with frontal eyes f. Lively colors g. Very textured h. Women have ligther skin while men have darker skin i. Minoan figure type i. Broad shoulders ii. Narrow, cinched waists iii. Flared hips j. Playful art scenes k. Scenes often feature marine life l. Liked to accentuate the shape of their vases with the art on them 10. Typical of Mycenaen Art a. Post and lintel design for gates with relieving triabgles above them b. Cyclopean masonry – walls so impressive it was believed that only Cyclops couldv’e built them c. They had a lot of gold, so they used it frequently d. Bodies are similar to the Minoans, but they feature scenes of war i. Bodies are more tightly drawn than Minoans 11. Typical of Ancient Greece: Geometric period a. Registers b. Geometric figures c. Completely fill blank space with geometric shapes 12. Typical of Ancient Greece: Orientalizing period a. Black-figure to start with, then use red-figure b. Still uncomfortable with empty space early on 13. Typical of Ancient Greece: archaic period a. Figures are labelled b. Comparison of flawless male bodies with flawed centaur bodies c. Musculature d. By 540, empty space on vases e. Decoration to accentuate vase shapes f. Thick muscles on men g. Archaic smile h. Red-figure allows for depth, anatomy, and texture i. Use of foreshortening to show illusion of different perspectives j. Dedalic hair – like dredlocks 14. Typical of Ancient Greece: Severe period a. Lack of facial expression b. Contrapposto c. No archaic smile d. Athelete’s bob e. Inlaid eyes f. “doughboy face” g. 2D statues 15. Typical of Ancient Greece: Classical Period a. Contrapposto b. Hair is cut closer c. Used “harmonious numerical ratios” d. Quiet dignity and no smile e. Wet drapery, improprer to show a nude woman f. Symmetry in buildings g. Greeks use mythology to address history h. TOUCHSTONE: Temple of Zeus i. Relaxed pose j. Statues created an X composition k. Drapery emphasized weight-bearing leg 16. Typical of Ancient Greece: Late classical period a. Curved hip enhances sensuality b. Begins to acquire emotion in expressions c. Softer musculature d. More texturized hair e. Off balance f. Different proportions g. 3D h. Gods are humanistic 17. Hellenistic a. Eyes are more deeply set which allows for shadow which gives greater expression and emotion b. Foreshortening c. Theatrical and dramatic d. Single diagonal shows movement and embraces instability e. 3D f. Lots of realism g. Unstable poses
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