Study Guide 9/26/16 Test 2
Dynamics/Energy Meter/Time Signature
Rhythmic Pattern Speed/Tempo
Rudolf Laban: Labanotation
Existence is movement. Action is movement. Existence is defined by the rhythm of forces in natural balance. ~Rudolf Laban
worked with people who could not move their bodies much by day; worked with regular dancers by night
included use of Laban effort graph, which includes flow, time, weight, and space lines
One of the earliest records of ballet movements comes from a book of dance instruction created by Domenico da Piacenza
early ballet was not as complicated as it is today; it consisted of simple floor patterns and poses with elaborate costumes We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of big-oh?
court ballets were performed by members of the nobility
Louis XIV of France (ruling from 1643-1715), and also referred to as the Sun king, played a major role in the forwarding of ballet dance culture.
*note: Le roy- Royalle*
He also granted permission for the first dance academy in France to start, and used dance as a political tool.
**-The birthplace of ballet is Italy.-**
Started in Italy by the:
de Medici family
1547 Henri II elevated to the throne of France
Married teenaged italian woman (Catherine)
Lorenzo de Medici (Florence, Italy)
● Brought Florentine culture to France
● Utilized Greek classics translated to italian
● Music academy of Florence
● Precursor to today's operas and ballets; using poetry, music, and dance in his work
Balthasar de Beaujoyeulx
First ballet- recitation, song, and dance
Catherine de Medici’s head Italian dance master (whom she introduced to France when she arrived) If you want to learn more check out When is the wall street bombing?
Oct. 15, 1581, marriage ceremony in the Louvre at 10 pm-3:30 am; major ballet court dance ceremony that put ballet on the map in France
Included 12 scenes from The Circle legend performed by the aristocracy
Jean Georges Noverre (1727-1810)
❖ Developed ballet d’action
❖ Introduced the concept of having a plot and using emotion in ballet dance ❖ wrote “Letters on Dancing and Ballet” which defended ballet as a high art form, not just a simple dance type
➢ The 19th century brought about the Romantic ballet, introducing elements such as nature, emotion, power, violence, and peace.
One of the first Romantic ballets to be performed was La Sylphide (1832), choreographed by Filippo Taglioni (1777-1871). If you want to learn more check out What is the largest immigrant group in the united states today?
Giselle is a popular ballet that continues to come to mind when people think of the Romantic era, choreographed in 1841 by Jean Coralli and Jules Perrot.
***It is the story of a woman who dies of a broken heart and comes back to life as a mythical spirit figure to protect the one she loved from evil spirits. ***
Italian Dancing Masters
Domenico du Ferrari authored these essential elements: ➢ Time (music time)
➢ Manner (body attitude)
➢ Spatial awareness
~dance then moved to Denmark~
Danish or Bournonville
Royal Danish ballet
Russian or Vaganova
Agrippina Vaganova (1879-1951)
George Balanchine (1904-1983)
➢ Broadway- “On Your Toes”
➢ Concert Stage
➢ Stravinsky & Balanchine worked together often in circus pieces ➢ Barnum & Bailey
➢ First ballet: "serenade"
Italian or Cecchetti Method
Enrico Cecchetti (1850-1928) If you want to learn more check out What is the absolute constant error?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of abnormal psychology?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is andare al cinema in english?
Founder of Miami city ballet: Edward Villella (and artistic director) Current: Lourdes Lopez (new artistic director)