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Study Guide for Test Wednesday

by: Natalie Land

Study Guide for Test Wednesday Art 101

Marketplace > University of Miami > Arts and Humanities > Art 101 > Study Guide for Test Wednesday
Natalie Land
GPA 4.0

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Below are the notes detail for detail for chapters 5,6,7,8 for our test wednesday all from the book!
Introduction to Drawing
Study Guide
Art, 101, intro, to, drawing
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Natalie Land on Monday September 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Art 101 at University of Miami taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Drawing in Arts and Humanities at University of Miami.

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Date Created: 09/26/16
Chapter 5: Intuitive Gesture  Lines that are parallel in real life converge in a drawing like the famous drawing of railroad tracks o In order to understand that lines converge it is important to use the clock angle tool  It helps your attention directly on the visual perception  Try to always LOOK not THINK  Clock angle tool: used with an imaginary clock and it is perpendicular to your line of sight o Always extend your arm fully when using this tool o Always keep the ruler in the sample square plane as that of the clock o Make it perpendicular to line of sight  Picture plane: a transparent window placed over subject being drawn, perpendicular to line of sight o Or the actual surface on which artist draws o Mimic the angle but not actual position of edge, always make it perpendicular to line of sight  Obtuse angle: more than 90 degree less than 180 degrees  Acute angle: less than 90 degrees  Oblique: neither perpendicular nor parallel to given line or surface  Outline: mechanical unchanging line that surrounds flat shape  Contour: changing like that represents outer edge of 3d shape  Changing your viewing position either vertically or horizontally impacts the angular tilt of edges so be careful and maintain fixed position Chapter 6: Positive and Negative  We survive because of our ability to notice meaningful shapes in our surrounding  Figure: identifiable shape: attracts more attention: positive shape  Background: surrounding area: negative shape  Closure: join diverse elements together to form meaningful figures  Figure background reversal: when image provides insufficient clues to which shape is the dominant shape, it can be like the vase and faces drawing we did in class  Gestalt psychology: focusing on mechanisms by means of image rather than the parts  If you draw from observation there is less attention to spatial ambiguity  We naturally respond to the positive  Negative shapes don’t have names like the positive ones do like a cube they are just representational spaces where objects are placed Chapter 7: Perceptual Grid  We have a predisposition to vertical and horizontal o We use this to know orientation of objects o X and y axis reference to the stuff such as dignity truth and strength and then well being, balanced and stability  Such as you grow up straight and strong o X and y axis have to do with the Egyptian hieroglyph for life: or the six pointed star of david, they all have these x and y o Mondrian tool: straight edge is used to see where the x and y lie in a plane or drawing  Movable x and y grid that can be projected onto both field of vision and surface of drawing  Best when perpendicular to line of sight and arm extended  Helps blur what we see and think about objects  Stare at blank wall once in a while to avoid distorted perception  Everytime you use the Mondrian tool start fresh  It is a supplement for intuitive gesture not a substitute o Apply after intuitive sketch  Draw from same fixed viewing points always Chapter 8: Proportions  Proportion: comparative relationship between two things with respect to size amount or weights o Medical do weight in relation to height as their proportion  Proportion in a drawing o Used for relative size, for width and height, for size as a whole of an object or shape o Don’t measure, rather use your intuition, feel rather than measure o Proportion: statements of relative size, not physical size o News print pad is 1:1/83 like tv screens the old ones, early computer monitors, credit cards etc o First do a gesture rapidly then you do proportion of the object  Then you check if its correct o For a straight proportion tool use a straight edge tool and make it perpendicular to line of sight at a constant distance from the eye  Used for relative size of object compared to another object or for the overall dimensions of one object o Inverse proportion: same proportion turned upside down and will always equals one when multiplied together  IE: width is 3 height is 2, width is 2 height is 3: this equals 1 o When doing proportion of individual object remember the following  Geometric shape of the object  Orientation of object in space  Position in the visual field  The proportions we know aren’t always what we see so record the ones you see o Two objects we always encounter are spheres and cyndrical objects forms, in this case the diameters are always smaller than the heights o When we rotate cylindrical shapes on their axis, the proportion never change but for rectangular objects they do o Objects of different size can share relative proportion o To locate center of rectangle you draw diagonals from the corners of the square o Two panes closer to you look taller and wider and the farther ones look vice versa o Size constancy: contributes to objects appearing larger than the perceptual size  Mechanism for interpreting and making sense of our environment because this mechanism helps us predict physical size of object Chapter 9: Golden Mean o


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