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Study Guide for Chapter 4 upcoming exam

by: Tristen Griffith

Study Guide for Chapter 4 upcoming exam Psyc 201

Marketplace > Alabama A&M University > Psychology (PSYC) > Psyc 201 > Study Guide for Chapter 4 upcoming exam
Tristen Griffith
Alabama A&M University

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About this Document

this includes all the key points and vocab for the upcoming exam dont forget you can print this out and use it for open not exams and quizzes!!
General Psychology
Study Guide
Vision, smell, color, behavior, Psychology
50 ?




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Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tristen Griffith on Monday September 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 201 at Alabama A&M University taught by Dr.Morales in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Alabama A&M University.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
General Psych: Dr. Morales Exam #2 Study Guide       Chapter 4 Sensation and Perception Intro:  ­ What is Sensation? ­ Sensation is the stimulation of sense organs ­ What is Perception?  ­ Perception is the selection,organization and interpretation of sensory input  The visual system ­ What is Nearsightedness? ­When a person can see close up clearly but far away objects may appear blurry       ­  What causes Nearsightedness? ­ Nearsightedness occurs when the focus point falls in front of the retina       ­   What is Farsightedness ­ When a person can see objects far away clearly but objects close up seem  blurry       ­ What causes Farsightedness ­Farsightedness occurs when the focus point falls behind the retina     ­ Describe the Lens… ­ the lense of the eye is a transparent structure that focuses light entering the eye Vision and the Brain ­ Define and Describe Optic Chiasm ­ It’s where the axons from each eye cross over to show it to the opposite eye ­ Allows signals from each eye to go to both hemispheres of the brain  Color and the Brain ­ What is the Trichromatic Theory of Color vision? ­ The human eye has three different types of receptors with different sensitivity to  different wave lengths ­ What 3 colors are picked up by these special receptors? ­ Red, Green Blue ­ Define Color Blindness… ­ Ecompasses a variety of deficiences in the ability to distinguish colors ­ What effects can color have on behavior  ­ The way we relate color to objects determines the way we feel about something and  inturn can influence behavior Percieving Forms, Patterns, and objects ­ What is feature analysis and how is it related to form? ­ Feature analysis is the process of detecting specific elements in visual input and  assembling them into form…. In other words it helps us make out forms of objects ­ What is bottom up processing?  ­ When you look at individual parts and put it together to make a whole  ­ What is Top down Processing  ­ When u look at the whole then analyze its elements ­ What is the main theory of the Gestalt principles?  ­ “The whole is greater than the sum of all its parts”  Gestalt principles…. ­  Describe the the principle of Figure and ground ­  A fundamental way people organize their visual perception ­ Describe the Principle of Proximity ­ Things that are near one another seem to be one  ­ Describe the Principle of Closure ­ People often complete figures with gaps in them  ­ Describe the principle of similarity ­ People group similar stimuli together\ ­ Describe the principle of Simplicity ­ People group elements to form geometric figures ­ Describe the Theory of continuity  ­ People try to follow whatever direction they have been led… connect points on straight  or curved lines Perceiving Depth and Distance ­  What is the difference between binocular and monocular? ­ Two eyes vs One eyes  Auditory System ­ What is the cochlea and what is its function ­ It is a fluid filled coiled tunnel that contains receptors for hearing ­ Convert sound into neurological impulses  Olfactory System  ­ ______is the one sense that skips the thalamus ­ Smell


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