×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to MSU - HIS 110 - Class Notes - Week 2
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to MSU - HIS 110 - Class Notes - Week 2

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

MSU / History / His 110 / What is the meaning of nambla?

What is the meaning of nambla?

What is the meaning of nambla?

Description

School: Montclair State University
Department: History
Course: Introduction to American Civilization
Professor: Neal dougherty
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: notes, history, introtoamericancivilizations, american, Civilizations, Civ, Introduction, week2, Jehovah, witness, and courtcases
Cost: 25
Name: Hist 110-04 Intro. to American Civilizations Week 2 Notes
Description: Notes for the second week of class.
Uploaded: 09/27/2016
4 Pages 21 Views 2 Unlocks
Reviews


09/15/2016


What is the meaning of nambla?



Week 2

Prof. Neal Dougherty

Introduction to American Civilizations

Homework:

Define “religion” in 7 words­ what is valid and what is not valid from the perspective of a supreme court  judge.

Notes:

Many people use freedom of speech and freedom of religion as a way to get out of legal trouble­  people are able to get away with something illegal by saying it goes according to their religion.

Example of freedom of speech/religion:

● Everyone has the right to choose whether or not they want to say the pledge of  allegiance.

● The right to NOT take a dissection class because of the belief that life is sacred. Example of a failed attempt at using religion as an excuse for illegal actions: 


What is the content of cantwell vs connecticut?



NAMBLA ( North American Man Boy Love Association) Tried to say it was their “religion” to  be with young boys. However, this is obviously not correct and therefore did not pass in court.

Example of how some attempt to twist the system:

In prison there was a case in which a vegan needed special meals, the prison originally did not  want to provide these meals. However, they did have other religious meals available : islamic,  kosher, jane and rastafarian meals. 

The prison lost their case, because if they are giving one religion special treatment, they must  give ALL religions special treatment, not pick and choose the ones which they want to cater to.

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting free  exercise thereof”


What is the content of minersville (p.a.) vs. gobitis?



The downfall?

Picky eaters can twist these rules to say they need special “religious” meals.   We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of risk version?

● Similarly, examples such as the “Pastafarian” religion, which now consists of a  whole church,bible, the flying spaghetti monster, etc. If you want to learn more check out What is the difficulty in producing or comprehending speech not produced by deafness or a simple motor deficit?

Does this mean a religion can be tailored to whatever people want?

Not necessarily, because the 1st and 14th amendments specify the definition of a religion, this  way they can help narrow down whether people are lying (trying to use religion as a way to get  out of certain punishments, or illegal action) or not.

Next we begin the court cases (remember them in chronological order) Seminal cases of the 1st amendment

Cantwell vs Connecticut­1940

● Cantwell­ Religious man who goes door to door proselytizing (Preaching) 

● He is a Jehovah's witness.

● He was playing a sound amplifying device, such as a record player, (Blasting anti catholic music)

● Waspy­ was the cultural zeitgeist of 1940

● Police charge him with breaching the peace and solicitation without a permit ● Defense: he is practicing his religion (congress states you can exercise your religion) ● Case goes to supreme court We also discuss several other topics like Who has a right to interpret islam?

*This takes place in the World War 2 era­ there was lots of propaganda

● Did the solicitation statute that required him to go door to door improperly interfere with  the first amendment?

● Does the town have a right to require a permit?

● The town had the obligation to keep the streets peaceful, however there were no  restrictions based on religious grounds.

● The court decided that they could require a permit, however could not refuse to give him  a permit. 

● Cantwell won because of the freedom of speech, but the town was able to require a  permit.

Minersville (P.A.) vs. Gobitis­1940

Gobitis­ Jehovah's Witness children. 

They said that they owe their allegiance to God, not to idols such as the flag. They will not pray  to vain idols, only God.

At this point in time there was no “Under God” in the pledge of allegiance

●  (1954 (approx) is when it became part of the pledge)

● The knights of Columbus are responsible for incorporating “Under God” ● National Unity was the basis of National Security

● In 1940 everyone HAD to say the pledge of allegiance (There was not yet a  “religious card”)

● Court decided 8­1 that the children HAD to say the pledge (because there was not  a religious card at this point in time)

*Class Conversation: Centralia, P.A, has been on fire since 1960, due to a coal mine. Cox vs. New Hampshire­ 1941 We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of biopsychosocial approach?

● Jehovahs witnesses were assembled at a church.

● Some were handing out leaflets on the street, marching down the sidewalk with  signs and telling people to attend their meeting.

● The state has the duty to maintain peaceful and pacific streets.

● The paraders were charged with parading without a permit. Don't forget about the age old question of What is mass communication course all about?

● The case went to the supreme court

○ *What must happen for a case to go to the supreme court?

● They choose which ones are 

“important”

● Must get a “cert” ­ Writ of Certiorari

● Then, they decided to hear the case

Defense said: Their 14th amendment rights have been violated

● The 14th amendment states that : All rights applicable under federal law are  applicable in all states (this cannot be avoided) 

● The STATE can't take away FEDERAL law.

● This means the 1st amendment is forced on them.

● People have the right to safe passage

Court decided: There will be no interference with their practice of religion, but they may not  obstruct the passage in the streets. If you want to learn more check out What is the main purpose of financial management?

Standing­ Means to be affected in some way by the case

● Ex. Why are there no windows in the classroom?

○ If there were windows, and an accident were to happen outside, 

you could try to sue for “emotional distress”. This probably wouldn’t work, BUT ○ What if guts or a body part were to land on you? You could sue for

injury, or being affected by the case. 

● Remember, people don’t sue to win the case, they simply sue for money.

Jones vs. Opelika I ­ 1942

● Jones is selling Jehovah’s Witness books without a permit

● Says he is on a mission from God, and does not need a permit.

● The state says that you NEED a permit for money making activities.­ final.

Jones vs. Opelika II ­ 1943

● Selling books again, however this time, he isn’t actually “selling” the books: ● He is exchanging them for donations. 

**Distribution is the same, (Selling, giving) . For example if you have a drug on you, it doesn't  matter if you are selling it or giving it to someone, it is the same thing.

● Court Decided: It is evangelism, he is NOT selling goods. If they did not allow  this, then the church would be unable to pass around the plate for donations during the  service.

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here