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Chapter 1 and 2 Study Guide Democracy & American Politics and The American Revolution & The Declaration of Independence

by: Audrey Meadows

Chapter 1 and 2 Study Guide Democracy & American Politics and The American Revolution & The Declaration of Independence POL 1510

Marketplace > Oakland Community College > Political Science > POL 1510 > Chapter 1 and 2 Study Guide Democracy American Politics and The American Revolution The Declaration of Independence
Audrey Meadows
Oakland Community College
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover what will be on the chapter 1 and 2 quiz
American Government
Dr. Crews
Study Guide
political science, American Government, government notes, Declaration of Independence, American Democracy, democracy, american revolution
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Audrey Meadows on Monday September 26, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POL 1510 at Oakland Community College taught by Dr. Crews in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at Oakland Community College.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
Chapter 1 1. What is democracy? How does it seek to protect liberty and order in society? A democracy is a system of government in which power is vested in the people. We have government to maintain order in society and has God-given rights for all people. 2. How does direct democracy differ from representative democracy? Which of these forms of democracy is also referred to as a republic? Direct government exercises political power made directly by citizens whereas representative democracy is when citizens elect public officials to make political decisions on their behalf. 3. What are the three branches of government? How do the concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances relate to how our government operates? Three branches of government: Legislative Judicial Executive The government of structure which authority is divided among branches so no one will have complete power 4. In what ways to liberals, conservatives and libertarians ideologies differ? Liberals: Support diverse lives, opposes government action that seeks to shape personal choices Conservatives: have faith that government will enforce traditional values; less government intervention in economic values Libertarianism: believe government should refrain from intervening in the economy or morality 5. How do capitalism and socialism differ as economic systems? Capitalism- businesses are private; freedom to create business Socialism- government owns major industry 6. List and discuss the various steps of the policy making process 1. Identify the problem- a problem is recognized as needing gov’t action 2. Agenda- get the problem on the agenda of the law maker 3. Formulation- Propose and develop solutions to the problem, address issues of the solution 4. Enactment- Congress passes a law that authorizes a specific gov’t response to the problem 5. Implementation- The executive branch develops rules that will put policy into action 6. Evaluation- the policy is evaluated for its effectiveness and efficiency. If changes are needed the issue, the policy is placed back to the Formulation process and the cycle starts again 7. How does a monarchy, autocracy and oligarchy differ from democracy? Autocracy- Gov’t which power to govern is concentrates in the hands of one ruler. Power is taken and received by force (i.e. North Korea) Monarchy- Gov’t that assigns power to one person who inherits the position and rules until death (i.e. Saudi Arabia) Oligarchy- gov’t which the power to govern is concentrated in the hands of a powerful few wealthy individuals (i.e. China) Chapter 2 8. What factors drove the colonists to seek independence from Great Britain? What were their grievances? Seeking religious freedom from Britain’s monarchy rule. Grievances included colonists had no voice in their decision and the King taxed all good and services 9. What were the outcomes of the First and Second Continental Congress? First Continental Congress resulted in an agreement ro boycott trade with England, after the boycott, the King made life worse for colonists Second Continental Congress results in the Declaration of Independence from Britain 10. Who is John Locke? What is his relationship to the Declaration of Independence? John Locke was a writer and philosopher when colonists were seeking independence from Britain. Locke had a theory of how the government should be which included Natural Rights (Life, Liberty, Property (later became Pursuit of Happiness)) 11. What were the key concepts of the Declaration of Independence? What grievances did it express against King George III? The D of I’s key concepts called for independence from Britain and quality human rights, and citizen participation. Listed grievances include: suspending elected legislators, taxation w/o representation and conducting trials w/o juries. 12. Describe the problems with the Articles of Confederation. The A of C were: o Unable to generate funds (there were no taxes) = debt o Unable to regulate commerce (every colony had a different form of currency) o No common military o No judicial branch 13. How did the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan differ? Each colonies plan were created to mostly benefit states similar to them. Virginia’s plan would have helped them (the largest colony at the time), and the New Jersey planned looked out for the smaller states 14. What was the Connecticut Compromise? What was th the 3/5 Compromise? Connecticut Compromise included an independent legislature, executive selected but Electoral College with legislative veto power and executive chooses judiciary with advice and consent of Senate


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