Hums 108. Study Guide
Hums 108. Study Guide Rel 108
Virginia Commonwealth University
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Vania Notetaker on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Rel 108 at Virginia Commonwealth University taught by Jennifer Garvin-Sanchez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Human Spirituality in Religion at Virginia Commonwealth University.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
Human Spirituality Week 2 Women - Widows shave heads and given no rights - Buddha didn’t allow female’s sanghas - Elizabeth Cady; The Women’s Bible - Women’s role in society decreased in 750 Theocracy; radical reformation Evangelist Christian thought the world was getting out of control Communism threatened the Christians Nixon Silent majority on his side Evangelist Christians became more involved in politics Billy Graham a religious leader joins with a President, Nixon Jimmy Carter was elected as president; evangelists became more widespread Ronald Reagan elected Sandra Day O’Conner George W. Bush Drunk driving arrest Said the war on terror was a war of good and evil Arthur Blessit transforms his faith Bush is restoring America back to its moral ethics Jerry Falwell Founded Moral Majority Blames abortionist and gays for 9/11 Gandhi Believes religion & politics mix Week 3 Storytelling, myths, rituals and practices serve to tie people together in communities. -Divide the world into 2 realms, profane and the sacred -Through rituals make things sacred -Reinforced by taboo, to avoid questioning -Religion maintains the constant ritual -Rules are ridged but made to help people -When rules become more important then people, they protest, (Protest of people in churches against same sex marriage) J. F. Kennedy was a turning point for Protestants -There was a end to bias Jerry Felwell was constantly told in college religion and politics don’t mix - Started Moral Majority movement Evangelical – someone who believes that you can have a personal relationship with God. (Born again Christians) The 19 century & the rise of “liberal” Protestantism Mainline denominations: don’t take things literally, suspicious of miracles Fundamentalism -First traces back to Niagara bible conference & in 1910, to Gen. Assembly of Presbyterian Church, Five fundamentals Bush -Had a rocky young Evangelicals admired him more because of his youth and the change he went through. -Sees the world as Good vs. Evil. Discussion Questions: It showed that the presidents or people who were Christians are consider sacred and everyone else profane. They evangelist didn’t want to mix church and state then they wanted to make both church and state a both “under God”. It shows that that people can become very nasty to defend their culture, and everyone feels their culture is superior over others. Culturally there are things a president shouldn’t do and if they do them make they unqualified to be president, also presidents are thought to be better suit if they have religious affiliation, preferably Christian. Theocracy – the rule of a state or society by God or by priests or Gods representatives Anciet Isreal -no king, but God( Islamic view) -judges priest-cultic Ancient Israel +No King +Judges +Priest Week 4 Fundamental story Exodus – Judaism Taught during Passover Don’t want to ever be oppressed again Jubilee laws prevent inequalities - After 49years(7x7) all slaves will be freed - Righteous or just if they follow laws - Poor deemed justice not charity Christianity began as a sect of Judaism - Underground movement opposed to Rome *Ernest Troeltsch Christ against church -- >Christ and Culture in Paradox -- >Christ transforms culture (Antithesis) (Dualism) (Conversion) -- > Christ above culture -- > Christ of culture (synthesis) (equates) Marin Luther Lutherans Doctrine of two kingdoms (paradox) Protest certain practice -- Selling of indulgences -- Against celibacy -- Saved by faith through grace **One area must have one religion to be unified John Calvin Geneva Set up a holy commonwealth Elects are saved by grace and chosen by God Church and state in USA - Should they submit to the authority of the church, which church? - Should they submit to government? - Should government enforce morality? Settlement -Puritans – Plymouth Anglicans- Jamestown **4/5 of our first presidents were Episcopalians Virginia laws 1661 – laws against Baptist and Quakers Constantine -first roman emperor converted to Christianity First spit in Christian church -Roman Catholicism - Protestantism **As church began to develop it began to weave stoic philosophy into its doctorines Presbyterian -Free to follow inner light Sects - as a sociological structures are correction movements to church types - Cult- Radical departure from older tradition Patrick Henry Christianity as the state religion st 1 Amendment and the freedom of religion Virginia statue for religious freedom doesn’t disestablish the church just gives religious freedom. *Rev. Barber spoke about freedom and $15 minimum wage Sack’s YouTube video Who is a hero? – One who turns an enemy into a friend Sacks def. of fundamentalist- attempt to impose a single truth on all mankind Sibling rivalry leads to violence Genesis 4 Cain and Abel are brothers; Cain kills Abel because he is jealous Reading Online Krishna made himself into many to dances with each gopi Week 5 + Should religion be taught in schools? +Who should religious leaders be? What Isis really wants—Graeme Wood --> Who has a right to interpret Islam? +Is it what Muslims do? (Lived faith) Four general Muslim orientations Secularist, conservatives, mainstream (Islamists, Fundamentalists), and Reformers Background + No distinction between church and state + Sharia law; establish by God (for justice) + No central authorities + No pronouncement about form of gov’t + No pronouncement about Muhammad’s successor Practical effect—legal codes + Egypt- tourist can drink alcohol at tourist attractions but residents can’t + If unmarried people get together it is punishable by law Caliphs + Muslims bound to a virtuous life not just profession of faith + qadi(judge) decides on basis of religious law + Isis trying to restore caliphs + Fast spread of Islam Quiz: Pondicherry was once the capital of the colonial French empire in India At the Indian Coffee House the author encountered someone who said he had a story that will make you believe in God. Double major in zoology and religious studies Named after a swimming pool Pi does believe animals should be in zoos as it doesn’t restricts their freedom. Repetition is important, Pi believes, in the training of not only animals but also of humans. Sufis are Muslim mystics. Religion, as a field of study, includes many disciples Theology comes from the greek words logos, "speech" or "inquiry," concerning theos, or the "gods". Theology and religious studies is not the same thing. The literary critic asks important questions regarding the sacred texts of the various religions. The anthropologist examines the social, economic, cultural, and environmental factors that have influenced a religion's beginnings, development, and dispersion. The act or science of interpretation is called hermeneutics Pluralists believe that all religions have valid insights to offer. Inclusivists believe that all religions have some truth. Exclusivism is the belief that one's own religion is the true path to God.
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