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Ohio - SOCANTH 1030 - Study Guide - Midterm

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Ohio - SOCANTH 1030 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image Cultural Anthropology Study Guide Let it be known that I know nothing of what will be on the exam. This study guide will encompass the key details we have learned in class. Five Features of Anthropology 1. Global in Scope 
2. Bottom Up Approach
3. Ethnography
4. Structures of Power
5. Human Connectivity
Four Fields of Anthropology 1. Cultural Anthropology – Present day people, culture defined as transmitted,  learned behavior 2. Archaeology – Studies past human societies
3. Linguistic Anthropology – Studies the construction and use of language by 
human societies, language a set of written or spoken symbols, subfields 
Descriptive, Historic, Sociolinguistics
4. Physical Anthropology – physical or biological, evolution/primate behavior “Time Space Compression” – used to refer to changes in transfer of information, 
Earth is getting easier to communicate and move across
“Flexible Accumulation” – ability of people to be flexible in how they get profit 
(Use other countries for cheaper labor, materials)
“Uneven Development” – uneven distribution of health, wealth, etc Biological adaptations – skin color, eye form, etc Cultural adaptations – technology, language, etc Enculturation – the process by which humans encounter, learn, and produce 
culture.
background image Four elements - Norms – normal behavior, cultural change can arise from breaking norms - Values -  fundamental belief about what is good and bad - Symbols – complex systems of symbols and actions - Language – Means of communication, verbal or nonverbal Thomas Khun: Scientific thought is the result of a series of revelations, also known
as “Paradigm Changes”.
Paradigm: Sum of the scientific view of what the object of research should be and 
how scientific problems should be approached. Changes based on a cultures 
perception of the world around it. Can be influenced by stigmas like racism, 
classism, etc
Paradigm I – Evolution  - 19 th  century school of cultural anthropology believed that all cultures had to  go through the same series of progressions, and that cultures that did not 
adhere strictly to these progressions were classified as lower civilizations
- from Savagery to Barbarism to Civilization Paradigm II – American Historical Particularism - Biases were not tested, i.e., “Blacks are more stupid than whites”; a refusal to
test said theory
- Early 20 th  Century paradigm change - Professionalization of Anthropology - Represents a reaction against the single linear form of evolution discussed 
earlier (Savagery, Barbarity, Civility)
- Division forms between American and British anthropology - Franz Boas leads reaction against the paradigm based on “Cultural Natural 
Selection

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School: Ohio University
Department: Sociology
Course: Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Professor: Amr Al-Azm
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Name: Intro to Cult. Anth.: Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: These notes encompass the most important in-class information for the exams.
Uploaded: 09/27/2016
6 Pages 48 Views 38 Unlocks
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