Psych 3331 Abnormal Psychology Study Guide
Psych 3331 Abnormal Psychology Study Guide Psych 3331
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Casey Kaiser on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 3331 at Ohio State University taught by Thomas Valentine in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
Psych 3331 Midterm 1 Study Guide Past & Present What is abnormal psychology? What are The Four D's of abnormal psych? Define / describe each How does society effect abnormality? How is treatment defined? What are the three essential features of treatment? What were the ancient views and treatments of abnormal behavior? What were the Greek and Roman views and treatments of abnormal behavior? What were the views and treatments of abnormal behavior like during the Middle Ages? What were the views and treatments of abnormal behavior like during the Renaissance? What were asylums? How did they effect the treatment of people with mental illnesses? What is the somatogenic perspective on abnormal psychological functions? Describe some advances of this perspective, also some disadvantages What is the psychogenic perspective? Describe the theory of psychoanalysis Explain the current trends on psychopathology Research Methods What is a nomothetic approach to research? How is this understanding gained? What is an idiographic approach to research? What are the three different methods of investigation that researchers primarily rely on? What is a case study? Example? Pros and cons? What is internal validity? What is external validity? What are some similarities between the correlational and experimental methods? Describe each Describe a positive, negative, and no correlation and what they would look like graphically What does the correlational coefficient, r, mean? When do we know that we can trust a correlation? When does it accurately reflect a real correlation in the general population? What are some advantages and disadvantages of the correlational method? Describe an epidemiological study What is the difference between incidence and prevalence? What is a longitudinal study? What features should the experimental method include in order to control for confounds? Describe each Compare and contrast statistical significance vs. clinical significance What are some alternative experimental designs and why are they needed sometimes? Pros and cons of experimental designs? What is the IRB and why is it important? Models of Abnormality What is a model? Describe the psychodynamic model, what are the different parts of it? What are the developmental stages in the psychodynamic model? What are today's theories with this model? How is therapy used in this model? Pros and cons of this model? Describe the behavioral model, what are the main ideas involved in it? What are the different types of conditioning and how are they used? How is therapy used in this model? Pros and cons of this model? Describe the humanistic-existential model, and the differences between humanists and existentialists What kind of therapies are used in this model? Pros and cons of this model? Describe the cognitive model How is therapy used in this model? Pros and cons of this model? Describe the biological model, what causes abnormal behaviors according to this model? Briefly describe the endocrine system, how it works, what it controls How are patients treated according to this model? Pros and cons of this model? Describe the sociocultural model, what are the two major perspectives in this model? How does each perspective view abnormalities? Pros and cons of this model? Describe the biopsychosocial model What do clinical psychologists use in the "real world" today? Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment What is the purpose of a clinical assessment? What characteristics do "good" assessments need to have? Describe a clinical interview What does it mean for an interview to be structured or unstructured? What do the different psychologists in each model focus on? What is a clinical test? Describe a projective test Pros and cons of projective test? Describe a personality inventory Pros and cons of a personality inventory? Describe a response inventory Pros and cons of a response inventory? Describe psychophysiological tests Pros and cons of these tests? Describe neurological tests Pros and cons of these tests? Describe an intelligence test Pros and cons of an intelligence test Describe observations What is the difference between naturalistic and analog observations? Pros and cons of the different forms of observations? What is a diagnosis? What are syndromes? What is a classification system? What is the DSM-5? How is it used? What are the different classifications in the DSM-5? How does a clinician decide on a treatment plan? What is empirically supported treatment? What is a bogus therapy? Why might it seem to work? Anxiety Disorders and OCD What are the similarities and differences of fear and anxiety? How is Generalized Anxiety Disorder Defined? Go through the diagnostic criteria; o What are the symptoms? o How does the anxiety have to be characterized? o Etc.. How does the sociocultural perspective view the causes of GAD? How does the psychodynamic perspective view the causes of GAD? How does the humanistic perspective view the causes of GAD? What are maladaptive assumptions? How does the cognitive perspective view the causes of GAD? What is the metacognitive theory? What is the intolerance of uncertainty theory? What is the avoidance theory? How does the biological perspective view the causes of GAD? What does GABA inactivity have to do with GAD? How does the psychodynamic perspective view treatments of GAD? How does the humanistic perspective view the treatments of GAD? How does the cognitive perspective view the treatments of GAD? How does the biological perspective view the treatments of GAD?
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