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OSU / Psychology / PSYCHO 3331 / What is the meaning of abnormal psychology?

What is the meaning of abnormal psychology?

What is the meaning of abnormal psychology?

Description

School: Ohio State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Professor: Thomas valentine
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology, Abnormal psychology, and disorders
Cost: 50
Name: Psych 3331 Abnormal Psychology Study Guide
Description: This is a list of questions that will guide your studying for the first exam. It goes through all of the material that will be on the exam.
Uploaded: 09/28/2016
4 Pages 39 Views 1 Unlocks
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Psych 3331 Midterm 1 Study Guide  


What is the meaning of abnormal psychology?



Past & Present 

∙ What is abnormal psychology?

∙ What are The Four D's of abnormal psych? Define / describe each ∙ How does society effect abnormality?

∙ How is treatment defined?

∙ What are the three essential features of treatment?

∙ What were the ancient views and treatments of abnormal behavior? ∙ What were the Greek and Roman views and treatments of abnormal  behavior?

∙ What were the views and treatments of abnormal behavior like during the  Middle Ages?

∙ What were the views and treatments of abnormal behavior like during the  Renaissance?


How does society effect abnormality?



∙ What were asylums? How did they effect the treatment of people with mental illnesses?

∙ What is the somatogenic perspective on abnormal psychological functions? ∙ Describe some advances of this perspective, also some disadvantages ∙ What is the psychogenic perspective?

∙ Describe the theory of psychoanalysis

∙ Explain the current trends on psychopathology

Research Methods 

∙ What is a nomothetic approach to research? How is this understanding  gained?

∙ What is an idiographic approach to research?

∙ What are the three different methods of investigation that researchers  primarily rely on?


How is treatment defined?



∙ What is a case study? Example? Pros and cons?

∙ What is internal validity?

∙ What is external validity?

∙ What are some similarities between the correlational and experimental  methods? Describe each

∙ Describe a positive, negative, and no correlation and what they would look  like graphically Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of blindsight?

∙ What does the correlational coefficient, r, mean?

∙ When do we know that we can trust a correlation? When does it accurately  reflect a real correlation in the general population?

∙ What are some advantages and disadvantages of the correlational method? ∙ Describe an epidemiological study

∙ What is the difference between incidence and prevalence? ∙ What is a longitudinal study?

∙ What features should the experimental method include in order to control for  confounds? Describe each

∙ Compare and contrast statistical significance vs. clinical significance ∙ What are some alternative experimental designs and why are they needed  sometimes?

∙ Pros and cons of experimental designs?

∙ What is the IRB and why is it important?

Models of Abnormality 

∙ What is a model?

∙ Describe the psychodynamic model, what are the different parts of it? ∙ What are the developmental stages in the psychodynamic model? ∙ What are today's theories with this model? We also discuss several other topics like What is the definition of allen’s rule?

∙ How is therapy used in this model?

∙ Pros and cons of this model?

∙ Describe the behavioral model, what are the main ideas involved in it? ∙ What are the different types of conditioning and how are they used? ∙ How is therapy used in this model? We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of deviant in abnormal psychology?

∙ Pros and cons of this model?

∙ Describe the humanistic-existential model, and the differences between  humanists and existentialists

∙ What kind of therapies are used in this model?

∙ Pros and cons of this model?

∙ Describe the cognitive model

∙ How is therapy used in this model?

∙ Pros and cons of this model?

∙ Describe the biological model, what causes abnormal behaviors according to  this model? We also discuss several other topics like What does simple squamous epithelium look like?

∙ Briefly describe the endocrine system, how it works, what it controls ∙ How are patients treated according to this model?

∙ Pros and cons of this model?

∙ Describe the sociocultural model, what are the two major perspectives in this  model?

∙ How does each perspective view abnormalities?

∙ Pros and cons of this model?

∙ Describe the biopsychosocial model

∙ What do clinical psychologists use in the "real world" today?

Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment 

∙ What is the purpose of a clinical assessment?

∙ What characteristics do "good" assessments need to have? ∙ Describe a clinical interview Don't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between zoning and land use?
We also discuss several other topics like In what way did the spanish reconquista related to the spanish conquest of the americas?

∙ What does it mean for an interview to be structured or unstructured? ∙ What do the different psychologists in each model focus on? ∙ What is a clinical test?

∙ Describe a projective test

∙ Pros and cons of projective test?

∙ Describe a personality inventory  

∙ Pros and cons of a personality inventory?

∙ Describe a response inventory

∙ Pros and cons of a response inventory?

∙ Describe psychophysiological tests

∙ Pros and cons of these tests?

∙ Describe neurological tests

∙ Pros and cons of these tests?

∙ Describe an intelligence test

∙ Pros and cons of an intelligence test

∙ Describe observations

∙ What is the difference between naturalistic and analog observations? ∙ Pros and cons of the different forms of observations?

∙ What is a diagnosis?

∙ What are syndromes?

∙ What is a classification system?

∙ What is the DSM-5? How is it used? What are the different classifications in  the DSM-5?

∙ How does a clinician decide on a treatment plan?

∙ What is empirically supported treatment?

∙ What is a bogus therapy? Why might it seem to work?

 Anxiety Disorders and OCD 

∙ What are the similarities and differences of fear and anxiety? ∙ How is Generalized Anxiety Disorder Defined?

∙ Go through the diagnostic criteria;  

o What are the symptoms?

o How does the anxiety have to be characterized?

o Etc..

∙ How does the sociocultural perspective view the causes of GAD? ∙ How does the psychodynamic perspective view the causes of GAD? ∙ How does the humanistic perspective view the causes of GAD? ∙ What are maladaptive assumptions?

∙ How does the cognitive perspective view the causes of GAD? ∙ What is the metacognitive theory?

∙ What is the intolerance of uncertainty theory?

∙ What is the avoidance theory?

∙ How does the biological perspective view the causes of GAD? ∙ What does GABA inactivity have to do with GAD?

∙ How does the psychodynamic perspective view treatments of GAD? ∙ How does the humanistic perspective view the treatments of GAD? ∙ How does the cognitive perspective view the treatments of GAD? ∙ How does the biological perspective view the treatments of GAD?

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