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ASU - MT 161 - Study Guide - Midterm

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ASU - MT 161 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: Arizona State University
Department: Music Therapy
Course: Introduction to Music Therapy
Professor: Taryn Gordon
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Music, MusicTherapy, Therapy, and Introduction
Name: Test 1 Music Therapy Intro
Description: Every chapter discussed in 5 weeks
Uploaded: 09/28/2016
0 5 3 2 Reviews
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background image WHAT IS MUSIC THERAPY? Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music 
interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a 
therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has 
completed an approved music therapy program.
Music Therapy is an established health profession in which music is used 
within a therapeutic relationship to address physical, emotional, cognitive, 
and social needs of individuals. After assessing the strengths and needs of 
each client, the qualified music therapist provides the indicated treatment 
including creating, singing, moving to, and/or listening to music. Through 
musical involvement in the therapeutic context, clients' abilities are 
strengthened and transferred to other areas of their lives. Music therapy also
provides avenues for communication that can be helpful to those who find it 
difficult to express themselves in words. Research in music therapy supports 
its effectiveness in many areas such as: overall physical rehabilitation and 
facilitating movement, increasing people's motivation to become engaged in 
their treatment, providing emotional support for clients and their families, 
and providing an outlet for expression of feelings. 
Evidence-based outcomes are the expected outcomes of the patient after 
proper assessments were gathered and interventions were completed. This 
concept is important for music therapists to be familiar with, for the 
interventions which the music therapists design contribute towards these 
outcomes.
Academic Education of the Music Therapist Anatomy & Physiology Psychology & Human development Special Education Movement and Dance Anthropology & Ethnomusicology Class Piano and Guitar Private lessons on main instrument Repertoire classes Psychology of music Conducting Music Theory and History Ensembles Experiential Education of Music Therapist 4 semesters of supervised preclinical assignments (300 hours) Case presentation for peers 1
background image 6 month full-time internship (900 hours) In-Service presentation Conferences Sitting for the National Certification exam Three clinical populations most frequently served by music therapists: Behavioral + emotional Elderly Developmentally disabled Different benefits of MT:
Motor functioning
Fine- writing Gross- stretching, walking Cognitive functioning Emotional functioning Social Functioning Spiritual/ Higher level functioning Where Music Therapy is located:
Hospice
Nursing homes
Military bases
Rehab centers-physical and substance
Hospital
-Maternity 
-geriatrics
-cancer
Private practice-on site/clinic
Schools-autism
Jails
Daycares
Mental Health Centers
Residential institutions
Literally everywhere*****
Merriam’s 10 functions of music: 1. Music as an influence on physical response
2. Music as a form of communication
3. Music as a form of emotional expression
4. Music as symbolic representation
2
background image 5. Music to enforce conformity to social norms
6. Music to validate social institutions and religious rituals
7. Music to contribute to the continuity and stability of culture
8. Music to contribute to the integration of society
9. Music for aesthetic enjoyment 
10.
Music for entertainment Trick: I P-R F C
F E-E
S R
E C-SN
V SI - RR
C C-S C
C I-S
A E
E
GERONTOLOGY A gerontologist is a person who specializes in one or more aspects of aging.  senescence, which is the universal and inventible decline in the efficiency of the body 
systems.
Ageism is a term that describes this kind of discrimination against the elderly.  With advancing age, loss of family or spouse, displacement from home, loss of 
vitality, and inability to follow routine depression among the elderly can increase.
The meaning of the therapeutic relationship is that the music therapist can 
create a trusting relationship between themselves and the patient as well as 
the patient and their caregiver. 
Age related Psychological Disorders: Depression:  Increases with advancing age 20-45% of people over the age of 65 suffer from this condition Highest suicide rate occurs in white males over the age 80 Symptoms: o Sleep disturbances o Loss of self-esteem o Chronic fatigue o Inability to concentrate o Irritability o Social withdrawal Dementia: 3

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School: Arizona State University
Department: Music Therapy
Course: Introduction to Music Therapy
Professor: Taryn Gordon
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Music, MusicTherapy, Therapy, and Introduction
Name: Test 1 Music Therapy Intro
Description: Every chapter discussed in 5 weeks
Uploaded: 09/28/2016
10 Pages 52 Views 41 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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