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His 101 - Class Notes - Week 4

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His 101 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image Lecture:ImperialConnections(1660-1753) Connections •  Coloniesinfluencedbytheeventsoftheoutsideworld.
•  InfluencedbyBritishlaws
•  EnglishRestoration
•  InternationalTrade
•  InternationalWarfare
•  PhilosophicalMovement
InternationalTrade •  Mercantilism o  Britishempirewasacommercialempirewithoncecenter
o  Rawmaterialsflowinfromcolonies
o  ColoniesresourcesarebroughtbackintoEnglandandthen
transformedintoEnglishgoods. o  Thegoodsarethentradeoutofthecountryforwealth
o  NavigationsActs-basicallytradelawsEnglandplacedonthecolonies
o  ColoniescanonlytradewiththeEngland.
•  TriangularTrade o  Rawmaterialsgoingfromcoloniestocolonialpowers
o  Enslavedpeoplebeingtradedthroughthemiddlepassage
•  Smugglingwasverycommoninthecolonies MiddlePassage •  Mainpassageforslavetrade
•  Tightlypacked
o  16inchformula §   2feettall §   6feetlong §   16incheswide •  Highdeathrates EnglishRestoration •  AftertheEnglishCivilWar
•  ReturnorrestorationofEnglishMonarchy
•  OliverCornwell
•  CharlesII(1660)
background image Lecture:ImperialConnections(1660-1753) EnglishCivilWar(1642-1651) •  Parliamentarians(Roundheads)versusRoyalists(Cavaliers) o  Parliamentariansbelievedinpowertothepeople/parliament (includedPuritans) o  Royalistsbelievedinmonarchy •  Longhistory o  DatesbacktoJamesI,whobelovedinthedivineright •  Religious,social,andpoliticalmotivations o  Seekingmorereform
o  PuritanswanttoreformfromtheAnglicanChurch.
•  CharlesI o  SucceededJamesI(1625)
o  Alsobelievesindivineright
o  MorecatholicthanJamesI
o  RecalledParliamentinlate1620sbutthendissolvesit
o  RecallsParliamentagainin1640tofinanceawarwithScotland
o  ParliamentmakesamoveagainsttheKingandfightingeruptsin1642
o  CharlesIwasexecutedin1649
•  OliverCornwell o  LeaderofcommonwealthinEngland(1653)untildeathin1658
o  Comestoendwithrestoration
RestorationColonies •  NewYork o  Britishcolony(1664)
o  NetherlandssurrendersthelandtotheBritishin1664
o  CharlesIIgivesaproprietarychartertohisbrotherJames,Dukeof
York •  NewJersey o  Createdin1664
o  PortionofNewYork
o  DukeofYorkgivesthispieceoflandtoSirJohnBerkleyandSir
GeorgeCarteret •  Pennsylvania o  GivenasagiftfromCharlesIItoWilliamPennin1681(landgrant)
o  Quakers
§   Liberalbeliefs §   Believeeverypersoncouldachievesalvation §   Noestablishedclergy §   Promotedlimitedgenderequality §   NotmuchconflictwithNativeAmericans o  Verytolerantcolony §   Noestablishedchurch §   Alllandownerscouldvote
background image Lecture:ImperialConnections(1660-1753) •  Delaware o  LowerthreecountiesofPennsylvaniasplitofftoformDelaware
o  WilliamPennInheritedthesesettlementsfromtheDukeofYork
(1682) o  ControlsportaccesstoPhiladelphia
o  Formedownassemblyin1701
o  Grantedstatusin1704
•  Carolinas o  Kinggrantsproprietarychartertoeightaristocratsin1663
o  Thearistocratscreateahierarchicalsociety
o  TheyhireJohnLocketocreatetheFundamentalConstitutionof
Carolinain1669 o  CaribbeanplantersflockintoCarolinaandbringslaverywiththem
o  SouthCarolinaemergesasaroyalcolonyin1719
o  SlaverydominatesSouthCarolina
§   Largericeplantations §   By1720,1/3ofthepopulationwillbeslaves o  NorthCarolina o  Bath(firstcity)foundedin1704
o  Becomesaroyalcolonyin1729
o  Sparselysettled
o  Smallfarmers
o  Notmuchslaveagricultureearlyon
o  Lumberandfurbecametheprimaryindustries
•  DominionofNewEngland* o  JamesIIbecameangrywiththeNewEnglandcoloniesduetotheir treatmentofAnglicans,sotocrackdownonthem,hetookawaythe
NewEnglandcolonieschartersandcreatedtheDominionofNew
Englandin1686
o  PlacedSirEdmundAndrosincharge
o  InMassachusetts:
§   AnglicanChurchdeterminedtheonlyreligion §   Taxwithoutconsent §   Existinglandtitleschallenged TheGloriousRevolution •  JamesIIdethroned
•  ParliamentsupportsWilliamandMary
•  WilliamandMarycomeandassumeleadershipofEngland
GloriousRevolutioninColonialAmerica •  ColoniesthrowoffDominiongovernors
•  Massachusettsregimenit’sroyalchatterin1691
•  Representativeassembliesreestablished
•  Peoplebecomemoreprotectiveoftheirpoliticalrights
•  Theelitesbecomemoresensitivetothoppressionofthepeople

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School: Great Basin College
Department: History
Course: U.S. History
Professor: Jonathan Foster
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: history, History101, Lecture Notes, Lecture, colonies, Foster, and GBC
Name: Week 4 Lecture Notes
Description: Lecture notes on Colonial Connections and "Toward Crisis"
Uploaded: 09/28/2016
9 Pages 42 Views 33 Unlocks
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