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Japanese Linguistics Study Guide Mid Term 1

by: Denise Gomez

Japanese Linguistics Study Guide Mid Term 1 JAPN 466-01

Denise Gomez
Cal State Fullerton
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

These are short but very specific based questions she wants you to know! Good luck!
Japanese Linguistics
Kazuha Watanabe
Study Guide
Linguistics, Japanese
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Denise Gomez on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to JAPN 466-01 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Kazuha Watanabe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Japanese Linguistics in Humanities and Social Sciences at California State University - Fullerton.


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Date Created: 09/28/16
JAPN 466 Study guide for midterm exam  Please review the following topics (this is not an exhaustive list; this is just to give you an idea to  see what sort of things you should study for the exam.) Good luck!  1) The basic facts about the Japanese language (geographic as well as linguistics).   Where is it spoken? Who speaks it? Is it an official language in any country?  What are the basic linguistic characteristics?  NOT an official language in Japan! It IS the official language in Angaur (Palau  Islands). There are about 133,000,000. Some speakers in North/South America,  South Korea, Taiwan, and Pacific Islands. Rank #9 with 128 million Native  speakers and 11,500 as second language! Some countries make languages official  in order to have it survive within the next decade! 2) What is Phonetics?  How can we describe the sounds of human language without  using conventional orthography?  Why conventional orthography is not best for  describing sounds used in human language?  What sorts of sounds are used in  Japanese? Phonetics; the study of the sounds used in human speech. We use IPA.  Orthography does not always keep up with the sound in the spoken language. Not  written according to its correct pronunciation. Phonology; how sounds and patterns are organized in natural languages. Consonant: a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial distraction  stoppage of airflow. Obstruent: a consonant with opposition between voiceless and voiced; fricatives,  and affricates belong to the group. JAPANESE can be long known as geminates. Sonorant: a consonant with no voicing opposition ALWAYS VOICED; liquids,  nasals, and glides categorized in it.  Stops: [p], [b], [t], [d], [k], [g], [Ɂ] ‘a’ in aka  Fricative: [s], [z], [h], [ɸ], [ʃ], [ç] Affricates: [ts] ([c]), [ʧ] ([č]), [ʤ] ([ĵ]), [ʣ] ([z]) Liquids: [ɾ] Nasals: [m], [n], [ɲ] the ‘ny’ sound, [ɳ] the ‘nn’ sound Glides: [w], [j] Vowel: a speech sound that is articulated without stoppage of airflow USUALLY  VOICED  [i] – ima [?ima] [e] – mae [ɯ] – kau [kaɯ] [o] – koko [ko:ko] [a] – ane [?ane] [į]  [Ɯ] ­ desƜ 3) Please know the IPA symbols used for sounds in Japanese and English and be  able to transcribe Japanese and English words using the symbols.   Fricatives; sounds produced when the airflow in the oral activity is forced through narrow opening in the vocal tract, air turbulence is generated.  1. Biblial fricative exists in JAPANESE ONLY whereas you make a ‘blowing  candle’ effect or narrow opening between the lips and air in the lungs escape  through them like hurui and hukai [ɸ]  2. Labio­dental exists in ENGLISH ONLY whereas upper teeth and lower lip  passes through air to make a sound like fin and vase [f]/[v]  3. voiceless/voiced Interdental fricatives in ENGLISH ONLY where tongue goes in between upper and lower teeth three/truth and they/smooth [θ]/[ð] 4. Alveolar exits in BOTH whereas one creates a narrow opening and keeping  the tongue very close to the alveolar ridge creating voiced zero/zoo [z] and  voiceless song/san [s]. Including [t] and [d] sounds “buzzing effect”. 5. Palato­alveolar when the blade of the tongue is behind the alveolar ridge.  Voiceless would make a ‘sh’ sound in sinbun/sika and shoe/shine [š] = [ʃ].  Voiced would made a ‘z’ sound USUALLY FOUND IN ENGLISH  vision/measure [ž] this usually involves rounding the lips in English. 6. Palatal is same with palate­alveolar but tongue body reaches middle of the  roof of mouth JAPANESE ONLY HAVE VOICELESS such as hiroi/hitori or in AMERICAN ENGLISH such as huge [ç]  7. Glottal effects when air is partially blocked at narrow opening between nasal  cords hanbun/hosoi are examples in Japanese and for English there’s  heart/hotel [h] Affricates; a sequence of a stop immediately followed by a fricative.  o JAPANESE: wih “tsu” sound tumi/turi [ts].  o Arguably can be a [z] depends on how they pronounce like  mikazuki/mazusii/tizu [ʣ].  o To abbreviate the “ch” sound in Japanese would be titi/miti [ʧ]  o Makes a ‘j’ sound in jibun/jikan [ʤ] o IN ENGLISH words like church/judge associates with [č] ([ʧ]) and [ĵ]  ([ʤ]) Liquids; sounds that are articulated when air flows more freely form the mouth  with lesser degree of blockage of air.  o [l] in ENGLISH and [ɾ] for BOTH Glides; sounds that have characteristics of vowels and consonants ‘semivowels’ o BOTH [w] & [y] but English round lips more   o In some case in Japanese [j]. 4) Please know the IPA symbols and able to describe them in terms of features.  Explained above.  


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