Exam 2 Study Guide
Exam 2 Study Guide Munm 287 section 002
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This 19 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lexi Stutzman on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Munm 287 section 002 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Garrett Hope in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 226 views.
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Chapter Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 3 Key Terms Teen Idols The clean cut, wholesome singers that the major labels promoted in the late 1950s and early 1960s to counter the success of independent label R&B and rock and roll. American The television show began in 1952 and hosted by Dick Clark from 19561987 that Bandstand featured clean cut teens dancing to popular hits songs. The Ed Sullivan The popular TV show running from 19481971 on which many rock stars including Show Elvis presley and the Beatles appeared. Payola The practice of bribes (in the form of gifts, favors, or cash) made by record labels to get DJs to play their songs; ariety Magazine coined the term in 1938. Brill Building Pop The term to describe the pop songs that emerged from professional songwriters based in and around New York’s Brill Building in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Aldon Music A songwriting company founded in New York in 1958 by Al Nevins and Don Kirshner. Girl Groups The name given to the young female vocal groups that emerged in the early 1960s, primarily through the promotion of Phil Spector. Story lines of music usually included reference to boyfriends and the worthlessness of the girls lives without them. Wall of Sound A production technique developed and popularized by Phil Spector that involved the use of large instrumental groups, liberal dose of reverb, and multitrack overdubbing. Gold Star Studios A Los Angeles studio often used by Phil Spector, the beach Boys and others in the early 1960s. The Wrecking A loose collection of Los Angeles studio musicians often used by Phil Spector and Crew other producers in the early 1960s. Bubblegum A shortlived strand of carefully crafted sing along pop songs aimed at preteens that were generally produced in the studio by session players Surf A driving, high energy and primarily instrumental music style associated with the surfing culture of early 1960s Southern California. A&M Records formed in 1962 by Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss; becomes world's largest independent label Key Figures Dick Clark Highly visible rock entrepreneur; had improper deals going on, including his ownership of publishing companies Chubby Checker 1960 #1 “The Twist”. A local unknown singer named Ernest Evans; new name was conceived by Dick Clark’s wife Bobbie as a play on the name Fats Domino. Phil Spector Most influential producer of his era. Eccentric genius; loner1958: “To Know Him is to Love Him” became a #1 hit; was 17 years old1960: understudy to Leiber and Stoller in NYC Righteous Brothers Blueeyed soul group. Discovered by Phil Spector. “You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feelin” (#1, 1964) The Monkees Group formed for TV shows (196668); 11 to 40 hits The Changing Landscape ★ Describe why there were changes taking place in American and in pop music, and the various reasons for the backlash against rock music.Summarize what payola is, why there was a scandal, and how it affected the various key personalities. Death of Rock and Roll ● John F. Kennedy was elected president. Kennedy’s youthful vigor and idealism made the nation’s young people feel that they could make a difference in making the world a better place. ● Many of the teens that had originally embraced rock and roll were becoming adults and entering the world of mortgages, jobs, marriage, and children. They weren’t rebellious anymore and their music taste was changing. ● Pop music reclaimed its audience. Backlash ● To the alarmed, religious, parental white supremacist groups, rock and roll was nothing less than an all out culture war, and a many sided one at that. To some, rock and roll was a Communist plot; others p laced the blame on the rock and roll dj’s while still others blamed the schools, government or whatever other culprit was convenient. Payola ● Definition: dj’s accepting cash, favors, gifts, etc to play records. ● Dick Clark was called to testify. ○ although the questioning at times seemed to implicate that there was a case to be made against him, the committee could not prove that he actually accepted cash for playing songs. ○ He defended himself as a businessman who was merely” profiting from the performance royalties and taking advantage of legal business opportunities”. ● Alan Freed was not as fortunate in 1958. ○ was arrested for inciting a riot at a concert he promoted in Boston. ○ was fired by his employer, WINS. B 1959 Freed then was hired at WABC radio in New York. ○ refused to sign an ABC Network affidavit saying he denied accepting payola and then was fired by WABC in November. ○ He was indicted by Congress on May 19, 1960 and charged with bribery. ○ Became the scapegoat of the entire scandal, “singled out for alleged wrongs that had become a business way of life”. Dies penniless in 1965 at age 43. Major Labels Stage a Comeback ★ Describe the various manifestations of the major labels regaining control of the pop music industry, including the Teen Idols, Dance and Novelty Tunes, and American Bandstand. ● A strategy to comeback was to buy out the contracts of the artists signed to independent labels, as RCA had done with Elvis Presley. Instead they just bought the independent labels outright. By the end of the 1960s most of the important indie labels had been either bought out (Atlantic, Chess, Sun) or run out of business entirely by major labels (Modern). ● Another way to win back the youth audience was for the majors to develop their own artists that were non controversial and as socially acceptable as possible. They were clean cut, and all white. Teen Idols ● were groomed for stardom not on the basis of their talent but instead of their “boynextdoor” good looks. ● Many of them were Italian who anglicized their names to present a more AllAmerican image. ● Teen Idols didn’t write their own songs, but instead recorded songs written by professionals who smoothed out rough edge of earlier rock and roll. ● A typical song contained little to no beat, lavish orchestration, and non sexual, safe romantic themes of idealistic teen love. Dance Crazes ● Most important record labels in Philadelphia at this time were Cameo/Parkway, Chancellor, and Swan(half owned by Clark). ● American Bandstand: pack a TV studio with 150 clean cut teens who danced to the latest hit singles, with weekly appearances by pop singer lip syncing along with their records. ● Instructions for new dances were found in the lyrics of the song, and with exposure on American Bandstand; quickly spread throughout teenage nation. ● Examples: “The Twist” by Chubby Checker, “Pony Time”, “The Hucklebuck”, “They Fly”, and Limbo Rock” also by Checker and “Mashed Potato Time”. Novelty Tunes ● Definitioncomical or nonsensical song, performed principally for comical effect. ● Ex. “The Purple People Eater”, “Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka Dot Bikini”, “Monster Mash” Brill Building Pop ★ Describe the who, what and where of Brill Building Pop; Aldon Music, its business model and important personalities;summarize Leiber and Stoller ● Brill Building is located at the corner of West 49th and Broadway. ● It was at Brill Building that more than 150 music business that employed hundreds of songwriters and other music professionals were located. The songwriting shops became influential to the industry that the pop music they created in 1950s60s became known as Brill Building Pop. Leiber and Stoller ● Meet in LA, both Jewish,17, and have common love for R&B. ● First song “Hound Dog” by Big Mama Thornton. ● Became independent producers for Atlantic Records in NY. ○ Playletstelling mini stories with humorous lyrics ● Specialized in big orchestration, unusual instruments, and R&B inflections ● Helped define role of independent producer ● Meticulous attention to every detail in the recording process Aldon Music ● Aldon Music is located just across the street from the Brill Building at 1650 Broadway. (replaces Tin Pan Alley) ● Working at Aldon Music was typical of the Brill Building scene: each day writers worked out song ideas in cubicles. The songs were then pitched to record companies, whose A&R men, arrangers, and producers cranked out product. Like an assembly line but with impressive results. ● Founded in 1958 by songwriters Al Nevins and Dan Kirshner, writing teams include: ○ Barry Mann/Cynthia Weil ○ Carol King/Gerry Goffin (“The LocoMotion” inspired by their babysitter) ○ Neil Sedaka/Howard Greenfield ● Burt Bacharach/Hal David ○ Met at Brill Building ○ Dionne Warwick records more than 60 of their songs ○ 66 top 40s, 28 top 10s and 6 #1 hits. ○ Idiosyncratic tunes, adult lyrics ○ One of the most prolific songwriters in the end of the 20th century ● Doc Pomus/Mort Shuman ○ Brill Building veterans ○ Many hits, including “Viva Las Vegas” ○ In 1958 him and Mort Shuman set up shop in the Brill Building. Wrote for The Drifters, Dion and the Belmonts, Andy Williams and Elvis Presley ■ Died within months of each other in 1991 Pop Music Goes West ★ Characterize the career and personality of Phil Spector and his major accomplishments; where and with whom he worked and influenced. Phil Spector ● Most influential producer of his era ● Eccentric genius; loner ● 1958: “To Know Him is to Love Him” became a #1 hit; was 17 years old ● 1960: understudy to Leiber and Stoller in NYC ● 1961: creates girl group genre in LA (the Crystals, not first girl group but first to achieve popular success, thereby creating the mold that others would copy) the British Invasion eventually killed off the girl groups ● He then turned his attention to the blueeyed soul group the Righteous Brothers. The Wall of Sound ● Spector wanted his records to sound like large instrumental groups (including the Wrecking Crew) ● Multitrack overdubbing; doused productions with liberal amounts of reverberation from the studio echo chamber ● Recording took place at Gold Star studios in LA ● Monophonic (no stereo) ● Studio veteran Jack Nitzche did arrangements. The Wrecking Crew ● La sessions musicians used on hundreds of recording sessions by Spector, the Beach Boys and others ● Included Carol Kaye(bass), Hal Blaine(drums), Glen Campbell(guitar), Leon Russell(piano) LA Pop Scene Explodes ● Late 1960s:pop music production explodes ○ Capitol Records;also Liberty,Dot, and others ○ A&M records formed in 1962 by Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss; becomes world's largest independent label ● The Monkees: group formed for TV show (196668) ○ 11 to 40 hits ○ songs written and produced by top LA pros ● Bubblegum Pop “Wouldn’t It Be Nice” The Beach Boys Chapter 4 Key Terms Soul music More pop oriented version of R&B associate with the 1960s that contains heavy influences from gospel minimalism The use of short repeating musical phrases to create a hypnotic effect Motown Records A record label founded in Detroit in 1959 by Berry Gordy that specialized in highly produced soul. overdubbing A feature of multi-track tape records that allows the recording of additional parts independently of each other while listening to previously record tracks with headphones. The Snakepit The Motown recording studio, located in the basement of Detroit headquarters Falsetto A technique where male singers sing in a very high “head” voice that is way beyond their natural voice range Stax Records A record label founded in Memphis in 1957 as Satellite Records by Jim Stewart. The label changed its name to Stax in 1961. Fame Studios The recording studio founded in Muscle Shoals, Alabama in 1959 by Rick Hall. The name is an acronym for Florence Alabama Music Enterprise. Key Figures Berry Gordy Formed Motown Jerry Wexler Worked at Billboard;Co-head of Atlantic records. Hear about Stax Records through Carla Thomas releases;partnered with Stax Funk Brothers nickname for a Motown music band(in-house rhythm section)(Gordy didn’t allow them to play outside of his studio) Holland/Dozier/Holland Most successful writers and producers in Motown Smokey Robinson and Formed the Miracles in 1955;Robinson left the group in 1972 to pursue solo career the Miracles Jim Stewart/Estelle Axton Jim-began a small recording label out of a friends garage. Named the company Satellite. 1958 he interested his sister Estelle. She invested in the company by buying a monaural Ampex 350 tape machine in order to make better recordings. Isaac Hayes/David Porter Team wrote more than 20 hits for Sam and Dave. Rick Hall opens fame music in Muscle Shoals, AL Muscle Shoals Rhythm Fame Studios in-house band Section The Origins of Soul ★ Describe the origins of soul, its cultural associations and ties to the civil rights movement The First Soul Record ● Merging R&B gospel: secular with the sacred, considered taboo ● 1954:Ray Charles transforms “I Got a Savior, Way Over Jordan” into “ I Got a Woman”, created blueprint for soul Soul and the Civil Rights Movement ● 1954:Brown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas kick starts the Civil Rights Movement. ● 1964-68: zenith of Civil rights Movement; goes into decline after assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King. Jr. ● The rise of soul The First Important Soul Artists ★ Describe the careers of Ray Charles, James Brown, and Sam Cooke: their important recording and innovations and important events in their lives Ray Charles ● 1954: signs with Jerry Wexler to Atlantic ● Lost sight at age 6 from glaucoma; enrolled at St. Augustin School for the Deaf and the Blind and learned how to play a variety of instruments ● Records “I Got a Woman”, other hymns in secular fashion “This Little Girl of Mine” based on “This Little Light of Mine” ● 1960: signs with ABC #1 hits follow ● Later merges country and soul James Brown ● Soul innovator, influential to funk, hip hop ● The Godfather of Soul” The Hardest Working Man in Show Business” ● Impoverished youth; prison at 16; focuses on music ● 1956: JB and the Flames sign with King, first hit:”Please Please Please 1956” ● Late 1950s: develops dynamic stage show with tight band and exciting persona ● Top 40 R&B hits to follow ● 1962:Live at the Apollo establishes Brown as a soul innovator ● 1965: 2 top 10 singles: ○ “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag Part 1” ○ “I Got You” (I Feel Good) ● Minimalism ● Late 1960s/early 70s: becomes spokesman for the black community ○ 4/5/68: diffuses tense situation at Boston Garden after assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.. ■ 1968: “Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud” Sam Cooke ● Born in Mississippi Delta, son of a preacher ● 1950s: joins popular gospel group Soul Stirrers, develops fan base, easy going charm, crooning style ● 1956: changes name to Dale Cook ● “You Send Me Away” 1957 (#1) ● Early 1960s: begins building business empire ● 12/11/64: tragic murder in LA in lobby of hotel ○ “A Change is Gonna Come” inspired by Bob Dylan’s “Blowin’ in the Wind” released posthumously (after death) in 1964 Motown ★ Describe the origins of Motown and the company’s business model; describe the Motown Sound, how it was achieved, and identify the company’s important producers; the Funk Brothers Hitsville U.S.A ● Formed 1959 by Berry Gordy (proceeded to create the largest black-owned business in the U.S in the 60s) ● Offices in house on West Grand Blvd, Detroit ● Gordy sets up production teams (Smokey Robinson, others), publishing co., record labels ● “Money” by Barrett Strong; Gordy’s first hit ● Funk Brothers was the nickname for a Motown music band(in-house rhythm section)(Gordy didn’t allow them to play outside of his studio) The Assembly Line ● Tightly controlled family business ● Weekly production meetings, competitive environment ● Nurturing of artists ○ Assembly Line Production ■ Finishing school ■ Choreography ■ Stage presence ■ In house production ■ Record distribution ■ In-house talent agency ● 1964-67:14 #1 hit records The Sound of Young America ● Gordy looked at success of Phil Spector to produce music that was thick in horns, strings and background vocals, backed by a rhythm section with a hard driving backbeat. Important Motown Artists ★ Know the information listed for each performer William “Smokey” Robinson ● Called “America’s greatest living poet” ● Lead singer and primary writer/producer for the Miracles; produces 27 top 40s, 6 of them hit top 10. ● Songwriter for Motown artist,including Temptations,Mary Wells, and the Marvelettes. ● “Tracks of My Tears” Smokey Robinson and the Miracles (#4, 1967) The Marvelettes ● Formed in 1960 by 5 schoolgirls attending high school in suburban Detroit. ● After signing with Motown in 1961, they had their biggest hit with their first release, “Mr. Postman” (#1,1961), which also became the company’s first #1 pop hit. ● Ultimately swept aside by the more contemporary sound of groups such as Temptations and the Supremes. ● Refused to record Holland/Dozier/Holland’s song when it was presented to them; given to the Supremes which turned into a #1 hit. Stevie Wonder ● Is blind ● Rechristened “Little Stevie Wonder” by Berry Gordy after signing with Motown at age 10 in 1960. ● Less than 3 years had his first #1 hit with “Fingertips Pt. 2” (#1, 1963) ● Eventually forged his own unique and soulful singing style ● Had 20 more top 40 hits over the next 8 years, including 11 top 10s. ● When he turned 21 in 1971, renegotiated his contract, giving him complete artistic control of his recordings, as well as more money(only made $1million up to that point, Motown kept of $30 million for profits) ● Career blossomed in 1972 to the 80s as he explored possibilities of synthesizer layering in fusing funk, jazz, reggae, R&B, soul,pop and African rhythms. ● Also won 15 Grammy Awards Marvin Gaye ● Son of a minister; grew up singing and playing organ in his father’s church ● Member of the Moonglows, discovered and signed by Gordy in 1961 ● Worked as a session drummer on Miracles’ recordings; began solo career in 1962 ● 40 top 40 hits, 3 of them went to #1: ○ “I Heard It Through the Grapevine” (1968) ○ “Let’s Get It On” (1973) ○ “Got to Give It Up (Pt. 1)” (1977) ○ 1971: also renegotiated his contract bringing him more artistic control ● Released album “Whats Going On” in 1971 which contained 3 top 10 singles that were politically charged statements on the Vietnam War, the environment, and civil rights. ● Conflicts with hedonistic, cocaine abusing lifestyle and his religious upbringing brought much self inflicted anguish to his later life. ● 1983: moved in with his father; fought constantly;4/1/84: father shot him to death from point blank range The Four Tops ● Met at a birthday party in 1954 and sang together soon after that and also secured a contract with Chess Records. ● Gritty lead vocal ● Remained together for 50 years w/o a single change in personnel ● Stagnated for a while when HDH left the label in 1967, they continued with a variety of other Motown producers before leaving the label in 1971. The Temptations ● Formed in 1960; commercially successful male vocal group of the 60s. ● After languishing with poor record sales for several years, the group's luck changed in late 1963 when lead vocalist David Ruffin was added and Gordy assigned them to producer Smokey. ● 1966: Norman Whitfield began producing the Temptation with an eye toward a rougher hewn soul style. ● 1968: David Ruffin quit to pursue a solo career. ● “Cloud Nine” (#6) became Motown’s first Grammy Award winner. The Supremes ● Commercially successful of all Motown groups ● Aired on radio in 1964; 10 of their first 14 releases went to #1; produced by HDH. ● Gordy rejected them at their first audition because they were still in high school; later signed in 1961. ● 9 unsuccessful singles over the years, Gordy assigns HDH to produce in 1964. ● Focused on Diana Ross’s sultry and dramatic vocal style, HDH hit on a winning formula for the group. ● Attention increased on Ross later became known as “Diana Ross and the Supremes”. ● After leaving the group, Ross went to a successful film career. Martha and the Vandella ● One day on short notice they were called in as background singers on a session for Marvin Gaye, which eventually led to their singing with the label as Martha and the Vandellas. ● 12 top 40 hits ● Not commercially successful but earthiest and most soulful. Stax Records ★ Describe the general racial atmosphere in Memphis in the late 1950s; describe how Stax came about, and the Stax production method and sound Back to Memphis ● Memphis, late 1950s:although a racially segregated city, an open, “Transracial” attitude exist ● 1957: Jim Stewart starts Satellite Records in garage ● 1958: sister Estelle Axton becomes Jim’s partner Stax Is Born ● 1960: Stax Records is born ○ Move into Capitol Theatre on East McLemore Ave. ○ 1960: “Cause I Love You” by Rufus and Carla Thomas catches attention of Atlantic’s Jerry Wexler ○ 1961: “Last Night” the Royal Spades (#3) ○ 1962: “Green Onions” Booker T. and the MGs (#3) ● Booker T. and the MGs become Stax in house rhythm section, establish Stax sound Stax Sound ● Characteristics of the Stax Sound ○ Raw,gritty,powerful, emotional ○ Bare bones instrumentation of bass, drums, guitar, piano or organ, horns ○ Very tight yet uncluttered groove ○ Horns play punchy unison lines and chords ○ Generally, no vocal harmonies or BGVs Soulsville, USA ● Early 1960s: ○ Stax grows quickly, focus on soul music ○ In house producers include Isaac Hayes, David Porter ○ Live, spontaneous sessions;songs often composed and arranged on spot ○ Stax sound is punchy tight emotional; not overly produced ○ “Hold On I’m Coming” Sam and Dave Important Stax Artists Booker T. and the MG’s ● Memphis version of Motown’s Funk Brothers. ● “Green Onions” (#3 1962) ● Paid tribute to the Beatles with one of their last albums. Otis Redding ● During youth, sang gospel at church and played the drums in school band ● Became a little richard inspired lead singer with the group the Pinetoppers; with them Redding’s first recorded at Stax in october 1962. ● Electrifying performance at the July 1967 Monterey Pop Festival;introduced him to much large white fan base ● “(Sittin’ On) The Dock of the Bay” Otis Redding (#1 1967); released posthumously, this song became his only #1 hit. Wilson Pickett ● Signed with Atlantic in 1964; records weren't’ selling until Jerry Wexler brought him to Stax in 1965. ● Known as “Wicked Pickett” for roughly hewn aggressive style and husky voice. ● “In the Midnight Hour” 1965 (first of 16 top 40 hits) Sam and Dave ● Miami based nightclub act; Wexler signed them to Atlantic and brought them to Stax in early 1965. ● Assigned to Hayes/Porter writing team who wrote more than 20 hits over the 2 years;became estranged after Prater shot his wife in a domestic dispute and did not talk to each other offstage for several years. ● Broke up in 1970; both experienced drug problems; Prater died in a car crash in 1988. Muscle Shoals and Aretha Franklin ★ Summarize the FAME Studio story;describe Aretha Franklin’s career and her success with Atlantic Records Fame Studios ● 1959: Rick Hall opens fame music in Muscle Shoals, AL ● Muscle Shoals rhythm section-in house rhythm section ● 1966: “When a Man Loves a Woman” (#1) Percy Sledge; catches attention of Jerry Wexler, who then begins bringing Atlantic artist to fame Aretha Franklin ● Born in Memphis, raised in Detroit, father is preacher ● 1960: signs w/ Columbia; 10 unsuccessful pop/jazz albums ● 1967: Jerry Wexler signed her to Atlantic; records “ I Never Loved a Man (the Way I Love You) #9 1967 Music Cuts: “I Got a Woman” Ray Charles “Cold Sweat” James Brown “Where Did Our Love Go” The Supremes “Soul Man” Sam and Dave “Respect” Aretha Franklin Chapter 5 The Folk Influence The Left Wing Folk Song Tradition ● Early 20th century: renewed interest in folk music by: ○ Preservationists such as John and Alan Lomax, who recorded many folksingers including Leadbelly ○ Political organizations, socialist groups, communists ○ Labor unions: Wobblies: Little Red Songbook ■ Playlist: ”Goodnight Irene” Leadbelly Woodie Guthrie and Pete Seeger ● Woody Guthrie ○ Wrote songs about the plight of the common man, including “This Land is Your Land” ○ Talking blues vocal style Music Cut 21 “Pretty Boy Floyd”” Woody Guthrie ● Pete Seeger ○ Becomes famous as member of the Weavers ○ Songs include “If I Had a Hammer” ■ Playlist: “We Shall Overcome” Pete Seeger ( overcome labor oppressions) ○ Both often played at hootenanniesgathering with folk music and sometimes dancing Hootenannies and Witch Hunts ● 1960sCold War climate not favorable to folksingers ● Guthrie, Seeger fortunes change: ○ Guthrie becomes terminally ill with Huntington's chorea ○ Seeger blacklisted; refuses to cooperate w/HUAAC; cited for contempt of Congress ● Sen. Joseph McCarthy (right) helps create witch hunt mentality; many folk artists “go underground” 1950s Folk Revival The Calypso Fad ● Late 1950s: folk becomes popular alternative to rock and roll ○ First with a calypso fad ● Playlist: “Banana Boat (DayO)” Harry Belafonte (#5 1957) ○ Then w/traditional, non controversial folk Music Cut 22: “Tom Dooley” Kingston Trio (#1 1958) The Queen of Folk ● Joan Baez ○ 1959: performs at first Newport Folk Festival, becomes darling of folk community ○ 1963: tours with and introduces Bob Dylan ● Playlist: “House of the Rising Sun” Joan Baez ● Peter, Paul and Mary ○ 1963: record 2 Dylan songs that hit Top 10 ● Playlist: “Lemon Tree” (#35 1962) The Greenwich Village Scene ● Early 1960s: ○ Commercial folk groups become popular ○ Folk scenes emerge around the country ● Greenwich Village ○ Most important folk scene ○ small , nourishing to artists ○ Many clubs include Cafe Wha?, Bitter End, etc. Bob Dylan Boy From the North Country ● Born as Robert Zimmerman ● 1959: attends U of Minnesota, becomes Dinkytown fixture ● Inspired by beat writers, W. Guthrie, changes name ● 1961: moves to Greenwich Village, meets Guthrie ● NY Times review leads to contract w/Columbia, John Hammond producing Hammond’s Folly ● 1961:Bob Dylan contains mostly traditional folk songs; sells poorly, becomes known as Hammond’s Folly ○ Playlist: “Song to Woody” ● 1963:T he Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan contains mostly original songs Music Cut 23: “Blowin in the Wind” ● 1963: performs with Joan Baez at: ○ Newport Folk Festival in July ○ March on Washington in August The Times They Are A Changin’ ● 1964: The Times THey Are A Changin” ○ Establishes Dylan as a leader of the folk community ○ Contains title cut, songs of protest and social relevance ● 1964: Another Side of Bob Dylan ○ Mostly introspective songs, receives lukewarm reviews ■ No protest songs Bringin it All Back Home ● 1964: famous meeting w/Beatles at Hotel Delmonico in NYC ● Bringing It All Back Home ○ Sida A: w/rock rhythm section ■ Playlist: “Subterranean Homesick Blues” ○ Side B: all acoustic ■ Playlist: “Mr. Tambourine Man” ○ Redefines relationship between folk and rock ○ Criticized by folk purists NewPort 1965 ● 1965: ○ July: Dylan appears at Newport Folk Festival with electric Paul Butterfield Blues Band; crowd boos ○ August: Highway 61 Revisited Music Cut 24:”Like A Rolling Stone” (#2 1965) ○ September: tours with the Hawks (who later become the Band); shows consist of acoustic set, followed by electric set ■ Book published last year about what happend about the Newport festival ● 1966: Blonde on Blonde ○ Recorded in Nashville ○ Double album ● Playlist:”Rainy Day Women #12 and 35 (#2) ● 1967: “ Don't Look Back” released; a documentary film of 1965 tour of England. The Basement Tapes ● 1965: Dylan family moves to Woodstock, NY ● 7/29/66: motorcycle accident; recuperation period follows ● 196667: records new songs with the Band; heavily bootlegged(illegal), became known as the Basement Tapes ● 1968: John Wesley Harding ○ “The first Biblical rock album” ● 1969: Nashville Skyline ○ Influential to country rock ○ “Lay Lady Lay” was the only hit from the album Dylans Later Career ● 1971: a book of his poetry and prose entitled Tarantula was published ● 1972: acted in and scored Sam peckinpah’s movie Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid which included his song “Knockin’ on Heaven’s Door”. ● 1974: resumed touring for the first time since 1966, backed by the Band. ● Late 1974: 15th studio album Blood on the Tracks, often is called the very best of his career.(re recorded several songs at Sound 80 Studio in Minneapolis) ● Many of that album's songs reflect the impending breakup of his marriage. ● 1975: toured with the Rolling Thunder Revue ● 1976: released Desire, which like Blood on the Tracks, went to #1. Contained “Hurricane” which protested the murder conviction of former middleweight boxer Rubin Carter. ● 1979: converted to christianity. (songs contained references to religion) ● Rock lyrics can be poetic, call to action, etc. ● Influence on the Beatles at critical moment ● Warts and all performer inspiring anybody can be a rock star ethic ● Important influence on folk rock, country rock, singer/songwriters ● More than 60 albums released 10 in the
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