STRC 3336 Study Guide
STRC 3336 Study Guide STRC 3336
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Michelle Goldsborough on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to STRC 3336 at Temple University taught by Cynthia rogan de Remirez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Argumentation in Strategic Communication at Temple University.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Study Guide Exam #1 STRC 3336 Fall 2015 Answer 8 questions (There are 9) NAME: ____Michelle Goldsborough____________________________________ Questions from The History and Theory of Rhetoric Question 1: Chapter One (15 points) How are the following terms defined in the chapter? Rhetoric: the study of how we organize and employ language effectively, and how we organize our thoughts so we can discuss many subjects. At times, rhetoric has been the study of persuasion. Some people have defined is as a type of advise to others about future language use, and “ the energy inherent in emotion and thought, transmitted through a system of signs, including language, to others to influence their decision or actions. It was also written that, “ we can express our emotions and thoughts to other people with the goal of influencing them.” The Art of Rhetoric: The systematic study and intentional practice of the symbol-user, whether that purpose is persuasion, clarity, beauty, or mutual understanding. The art of rhetoric can use symbols to be more persuading. Rhetoric is the art of using symbols in an effective way. Rhetorical discourse: There are 5 characteristics of rhetorical discourse: 1. planned 2. adapted to an audience 3. shaped by human motives 4. responsive to a situation 5. persuasion-seeking 6. concerned with contingent issues (yes there are 6 when it says 5) Rhetor: someone who must make an educated guess about the audience they are addressing when persuading them. The rhetor must find common ground and consider what the audience holds as true. Question 2: Chapter Two (10 points) What was the Sophists’ view of truth? They believed in nomos and that it was closely related to their view of rejecting transcendent truth. “Rhetoric creates truth that is useful for the moment out of doxa, or the opinions of the people, through the process of argument and counterarguement.”Herrick Question 3: Chapter Three (15 points) Why is Plato concerned about the difference between mere belief and true knowledge, particularly concerning the issue of justice? Question 4: Chapter Four (10 points) What is an enthymeme. Give an example. In rhetoric the enthymeme is the argument. It is a deductive argument moving from a general idea to a specific one and than a conclusion. Example: I trust you, you’re a teacher. All teachers can be trusted, you’re a teacher, and so you can be trusted. Aristotle suggested that the substance of all rhetoric is the enthymeme. The word translated to “held in the mind.” Questions from A Rulebook for Arguments: Question 5: Introduction (15 points) What are the benefits of arguing in a conscientious way? Can you think of any drawbacks? -It is important to argue well to deliver your argument and stances so that people will understand you and you are strategic and not just going for it. It takes time and practice because you have to remove your desires and bias. When you think about what you want to say you are more alert, maybe allowing for a pause to think, and there is space for critical thinking. Though only drawback of this way of arguing is you really need to have your information in order and keep yourself together and nerves calm because there is more space for error. Question 6: Chapter I (10 points) What are the 6 rules for building an argument? 1. Identify premises and conclusion 2. Develop your ideas in a natural order 3. Start from reliable premises- well-known examples 4. Be concrete and concise 5. Build on substance, not overtone 6. Use consistent terms Question 7: Chapter II (10 points) What are the 5 rules for assessing arguments when using generalizations? 1. Use more than one example 2. Use representative examples 3. Background rates may be crucial 4. Statistics need a critical eye 5. Consider counterexamples Question 8: Chapter III (15 points) Give a new example of an argument from analogy. What is your 1 premise: is it true? What is your 2 nd premise: how is it relevant? Killing people and stealing from them is bad A definition of war is stealing and taking from people War is bad Question 9: Chapter IV (10 points) Pick a controversial topic: Animal Testing 1) Give an untrustworthy source. Explain why it is untrustworthy. Buzzfeed is an untrustworthy source of news, although it is funny and relatable to people. It is considered a news source but I wouldn’t trust it for concrete information. They don’t hold the same credentials as most news outlets and night time shows who have people on them, people talking about them, for their news, You go to Buzzfeed for a laugh. 2) Give a reputable source. Explain why it is reputable. PETA is a reputable source for information on all animal rights problems and has built up the company to become a reliable source of information. The company has grown to a size where people can trust them, find articles that do make sense, and volunteer to help in future efforts. Question 10: Applying Knowledge Take what you know from these chapters and apply them to a current affair, such as the presidential debate. -Donald Trump right off the bat is a terrible news source, who can’t hold his facts together and deliver concrete arguments, and is in favor of interrupting people and talking down to people. This presidential debate has been maybe the most scrutinized one to date due to the positions of both candidates and those who stand by them. Trump is not a very good debater, public speaker, or someone who seems to take his job seriously enough to prepare for arguments.
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