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Covers Notes for First Exam

by: Brandon Short

Covers Notes for First Exam Psych 1100

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Psychology (PSYC) > Psych 1100 > Covers Notes for First Exam
Brandon Short

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About this Document

These notes cover the materials on the next exam.
Intro Psychology (11360)
Dixie Hu
Study Guide
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brandon Short on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 1100 at Ohio State University taught by Dixie Hu in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro Psychology (11360) in Psychology (PSYC) at Ohio State University.

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Date Created: 09/28/16
rd Study Guide for October 3 , 2016 Psychology 1110.01 Disclaimer: This should not be your only study tool! Understand: Science: Scientific Method Experiment Types of Studies:  Case Study  Naturalistic Observation  Survey Factors in Experiments:  Placebo  Confounding Variable  Random Assignment  Control Group  Experimental Group  Independent/Dependent Variable Two things that establish an experiment: Random Assignment and Manipulation of Independent Variable. Understand: Parts of the nervous system Nervous System Central Peripheral Nervous Nervous System System Somatic Autonomic Brain Spinal Cord Nervous Nervous System System (Voluntary) (Involuntary) Sympathetic Parasympathe Division tic Division (Fight/Flight) (Rest/Digest) Know Parts of the Brain Spinal Cord Cerebellum: Motor control Cingulate Cortex: Anticipating  rewards. Brainstem Thalamus: Relay Station Nucleus Accumbens: Reward Pons: Sleep Basal Ganglia: Voluntary  Frontal Lobe: High functions. Movement. Midbrain: Reflexes Hypothalamus: Homeostasis,  Prefrontal Cortex: Planning Motivation PAG: Pain Hippocampus: Memory Orbitofrontal Cortex: emotion  regulation. Reticular Formation: mood,  Amygdala: Emotion (Aaaah!!!)Primary Motor Cortex: Controls  arousal, sleep. voluntary movement. Broca’s Area: Speech Occipital Lobe: Vision Temporal Lobe: Hearing Wernicke’s Area:  Understanding speech. Parietal Lobe: Sensation Corpus Callosum:  Neurons:   Cell Body Myeli Axon Myelin Axon Dendrite n Sheat Sheat h Glial Cells: Special support cells that aid neurons. Synapse: One of three things can happen. 1. Neurotransmitters bind to receptors. 2. Reuptake: Neurotransmitters are pulled back into the axon. 3. Leftover neurotransmitters are destroyed by enzymes. Know These Neurotransmitters:  Acetylcholine (ACh): Movement  Epinephrine (Adrenaline)  Norepinephrine (NE): Arousal  Dopamine (DA)  Serotonin (5HT)  Glutamate: Activates neurons  GABA: Inhibits brain activity  Endorphins: Pain Depression drugs like Prozac are SSRI’s, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (Know for test)!!! Sensory Perception Know the terms:  Sensation: Detection  Perception: Interpretation  Transduction *****  Sensory adaption  Bottom­Up Processing: Empirical  Top­Down Processing: Filling in the blank  Psycho Physics: study of physical world and our perception  Absolute threshold  Difference threshold  Signal Detection Vision Know the terms:  Wavelength  Amplitude Len Retina s Iris Corne Optic disk Optic Nerve Pupi l Also know:  Fovea: Area of the retina specialized for highly detailed vision – responsible for central vision. Rods: Grey scale, low light (90million). Cones: Brightness, color (5 million). Trichromatic Theory: 3 cones, red, blue, and green. Opponent Process Theory: Red/green and blue/yellow color channel. Depth Perception: Using 2 dimensions to perceive 3. Uses monocular and binocular cues. Human Awareness: The Aware Mind Consciousness: Awareness  Self­Awareness: Aware that one is separate from surroundings. Circadian Rhythms: Body clocks that use environmental cues such as daylight. Electroencephalogram (EEG): Measures electrical brain activity. While awake:  Gamma Waves: sensory processing.  Beta Waves: Alert, actively thinking.  Alpha Waves: Relaxed but awake. Non­Rapid eye movement (NREM)  Four stages   Slow theta and delta waves.  Deep relaxation Rapid eye movement (REM)  Dreaming  Muscle Paralysis  Sympathetic Nervous System Active Awake REM Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 1 – REM is 90 minutes and happens 5­6 times per night. Why do we dream?  Activation Synthesis Theory: dreams reflect the activated brain’s attempt to make sense of  sensory information during REM sleep. Lucid Dreams: Dreams in which one is self­aware. Sleep Disorders  Sleep Terrors  Insomnia o Onset Insomnia – Can’t get to sleep. o Maintenance Insomnia – Can’t stay asleep.  Narcolepsy – Randomly falling asleep.  Cataplexy – Randomly going paralyzed.  Sleep Apnea – Blocked windpipe while sleeping.  Sudden Infant Death Syndrome  Restless Legs Syndrome


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