Midterm Study Guide
Midterm Study Guide HST 198
Popular in World History since 1500
Popular in History
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HST 198 at Miami University taught by Dr. Dewitt S. Chandler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see World History since 1500 in History at Miami University.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Midterm Exam Review: HST 198 Regions with advanced technology in 1400’s ● Europe ● Ottoman Empire ● Mughal ● China Why didn’t merchants in Ming China have influence in the imperial government? ● The merchants didn’t rank very highly with the confucian morals. They were seen as talking the poor’s wealth. Two American plants with an impact on the world ● Corn ● Potatoes Agricultural Revolution ● Brought rapidly growing populations ● Constant contact with herds and flocks ○ Lead to many diseases due to contact with these animals Industrial Revolution ● Origins in England ○ Rapid population growth ○ Credit and insurance became more widely available ● 2nd Agricultural Revolution ○ Lead to the improvement of agricultural tools, made harvesting quicker ○ Lead to an increase in food being produced ○ Subsistence agriculture to market agriculture ○ Change in crops, livestock and methods of farming How did the industrial revolution encourage feminism? ● During the industrial revolution, women had to work more than they did in the past, making things such as unequal pay and voting rights become prominent Slavery ● Most slaves destined for plantations in the Southern U.S. ● Triangular trades Enlightenment: centered in France ● Supported scientific advancement Huge changes in commerce and manufacturing ● Mass production ○ Cotton textiles became very popular Scientific Revolution ● Popular among educated westerners ● Scientific instruments like the microscope and telescope were improved ● Huge part of the cultural transformation in Europe ○ Beliefs in witchcraft began to decline How did the Spanish conquer so many people? ● DISEASE ○ The invisible partner wiped out many more people than war did ● Allies: no ethnic solidarity made it easy for the Spanish to allie with rival indians to conquer larger Indian nations ● Technological superiority: had guns, weapons, swords, lances and HORSES Scramble for Africa ● PreSocial Darwinism: Europeans weren’t too proud to bow to kings of Africa and ask permission to trade ● PostSocial Darwinism: Europeans had to prove their superiority, forcing kings of Africa to be embarrassed. The Europeans truly began to believe they were superior to these lesser peoples Why colonization declines ● Declining interest in acquiring additional real estate ● Colonies weren’t worth the trouble because sooner or later they would want independence After 1870 everything changed ● Development in weapons ● Immense productivity Catalysts for “new imperialism” ● Panic of 1873: too many goods produced, not enough being sold of absorbed ● Birth of public opinion ● Social darwinism ○ the fittest survive(darwin didn’t intend for his theory to be applied to the human society, only nature)
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