New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Exam 1

by: fglackin2

Exam 1 PHIL 101


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Theres 4 exams this is the 1st one
Informal Logic
Dr. Jennifer Noonan
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Informal Logic

Popular in Department

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by fglackin2 on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHIL 101 at New Mexico State University taught by Dr. Jennifer Noonan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.

Similar to PHIL 101 at NMSU


Reviews for Exam 1


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/29/16
PHIL 101 Any student using a cell phone, talking to other students, or looking Exam 1 at other students’ exams during the exam will automatically receive a grade of 0 for this exam. Choose the best answer and mark the appropriate letter on your Scantron. (2 points) True or False: 1. The Socratic method is teaching based on question and answer dialogue. a. True √ b. False 2. Begging the question occurs when you misrepresent your opponent’s position to make it easier to attack. a. True b. False √ 3. A definition is circular if it defines a term in terms of itself. a. True √ b. False 4. A scapegoat is someone who blames an innocent person for the scapegoat’s own mistakes. a. True b. False √ 5. The Critic believes that no one is ever truly happy. a. True b. False √ 6. The Pluralist believes that no one values pleasure. a. True b. False √ 7. The Moral Theist criticizes the Functionalist for committing the naturalistic fallacy. a. True √ b. False 8. The Formalist believes that you should make an exception to a principle if the consequences of following that principle would be an increase in pain and suffering. a. True b. False √ 9. The Psychological Egoist believes that there are no truly altruistic actions . a. True √ b. False 10. “Eudaimonia” is a Greek word meaning physician-assisted suicide. a. True b. False √ 1 Multiple Choice: 11. Which domain of philosophy is concerned with the question, "What do we know ?" a. Logic b. Ethics c. Epistemology √ d. Metaphysics 12. Which domain of philosophy is concerned with whether an action is right and wrong? a. Logic b. Ethics √ c. Epistemology d. Metaphysics 13. Logic is concerned with a. Morality. b. Aesthetics. c. Arguments. √ d. What exists. 14. Metaphysics is concerned with a. What exists. √ b. Morality. c. Knowledge. d. Aesthetics. 15. A premise is a. The statement an argument is trying to prove. b. A statement used to support the conclusion. √ c. A faulty argument. d. An unnecessary statement in argument. 16. Which of the following is not a conclusion indicator? a. Therefore. b. Thus. c. Because. √ d. Consequently. 17. Income inequality is inevitable in a free society, because people are going to make different life choices. What is the premise in the argument above? a. There is no premise. b. Income inequality is morally wrong. c. People are going to make different life choices . √ d. Income inequality is inevitable in a free society . 18. Beliefs lead to actions . Therefore, it is wrong to believe something based on insufficient evidence. What is conclusion in the argument above? a. It is wrong to believe something based on insufficient evidence . √ b. Beliefs lead to actions . c. The evidence for most beliefs is insufficient. d. It is wrong to act on false beliefs. 2 19. Two statements that contradict each other result in a. A straw man argument. b. Begging the question. c. An inconsistency. √ d. The fallacy of relevance. 20. A slippery slope argument a. Makes an inference to the best explanation. b. Assumes a small first step will lead to an extreme consequence. √ c. Contradicts itself. d. Offers an analogy between similar cases. 21. That man drives a Ford. Therefore, you can’t take his views on gun control seriously. The argument above is an example of a. Slippery slope. b. Begging the question. c. Fallacy of relevance. √ d. Inconsistency. 22. Relativism is the view that a. Moral progress is possible. b. Morality is discovered rather than invented. c. Different societies create different moral rules and no set of rules is better than any other. √ d. Our moral beliefs come from evolved instinctive drives. 23. The Absolutist’s main objection to Relativism is that a. Relativism denies that different people have different moral beliefs. b. Relativism is incoherent. √ c. Relativism says we should impose our morality on other cultures. d. Relativism says that human beings are always selfish. 24. If a moral rule is universal, then a. It is arbitrary. b. It is context-dependent. c. It is created rather than discovered. d. It applies to everyone. √ 25. If something is objective, then a. It is true only if you believe it to be true. b. Everyone agrees it is true. c. It is a matter of opinion. d. It is a matter of fact, not opinion. √ 26. Which of the following is the best example of a subjective statement? a. El Paso is in Texas. b. 2 + 3 = 5. c. 10% of the population is left -handed. d. Green chile tastes better than red chile. √ 3 27. The Definer believes that a. Happiness is pleasure. b. Happiness is elusive and indefinable. c. Happiness depends on knowing the truth. d. Happiness depends on achieving most of your goals. √ 28. The Critic believes that a. The same basic things are necessary for every person’s happiness. b. Good health is essential for happiness. c. We cannot define what happiness is. √ d. People who get what they want are happy. 29. Which of the following is a counterexample to the definition of "happiness" as getting what you want most of the time. a. Someone who is both happy and gets what they want. b. Someone who doesn't get what they want and isn't happy. c. Someone who is unhappy in spite of the fact that they get what they want most of the time. √ d. All of the above. 30. The Hedonist claims that a. Everyone seeks short-term physical pleasure above all things. b. Pleasure is the only thing we value. √ c. Everyone values spiritual pleasure over physical pleasure. d. We often do things we don’t want to do to benefit others. 31. If something is a means then a. It is a goal. b. It is a way of achieving a goal. √ c. It is an average. d. It has substantial intrinsic value. 32. If something is an end then a. It is a goal. √ b. It has only instrumental value. c. It is a mistake. d. It is a way of achieving a goal. 33. The Pluralist believes that a. No one values the truth, if it will make them unhappy. b. We value things like love and knowledge only if they bring us happiness. c. We value many other things besides pleasure. √ d. The only thing we really value is survival. 34. If something has intrinsic value then a. It has no value. b. It is valuable in itself. √ c. It is only valuable as a means to something else. d. Its value is determined by external factors. 35. What is the source of morality, according to the Functionalist? a. God. b. Instinct. c. Society. √ d. Our own conscience. 4 36. The Moral Theist claims that a. Morality is based on what is necessary for a society to function. b. Morality is based on what is necessary for the survival of the species. c. Morality depends on commands from God. √ d. Morality is relative. 37. A dilemma occurs when a. A statement contradicts itself. b. Someone's actions are incompatible with what they claim. c. There is a choice of two options, neither of which seems acceptable. √ d. There is a choice of three options and only one option is acceptable. 38. If a moral rule is arbitrary, it is a. Random. √ b. Based on reasons. c. Commanded by God. d. Universal. 39. The Utilitarian believes that a. Principles are more important than consequences. b. An action is right if it promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest number. √ c. A society will not function unless people tell the truth, respect each other , and treat each other fairly. d. We should abide by the Golden Rule. 40. The Golden Rule states a. Do what will produce the greatest happiness for the greatest number. b. Act only on that maxim that you could will to become a universal law. c. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. √ d. You should always do what your society says is right. 41. Which of the following thinks that duty and principles are more important than consequences? a. The Hedonist. b. The Relativist. c. The Formalist. √ d. The Utilitarian. 42. Which of the following is an objection to Utilitarianism? a. It permits scapegoating. b. It ignores special duties, like those that parents have toward their children. c. It disregards intentions. d. All of the above. √ 43. Psychological Egoists believe that a. We can act unselfishly but have no moral obligation to do so. b. We are not responsible for our actions, whether they are selfish or not. c. Only love can inspire people to act unselfishly. d. All human actions are selfishly moti vated. √ 44. The Psychological Egoist would be most likely to disagree with which of the following claims? a. We wouldn’t do something unless we wanted to do it. b. We wouldn’t want to do something unless it benefited us in some way. c. We aren’t always honest with ours elves and others about our motives. d. We can trust what people tell us about their motives. √ 5 45. If a theory is unfalsifiable, that means a. The theory is already obviously false. b. No evidence would be taken to disprove the theory. √ c. The theory has been proven on the basis of evidence. d. The theory is better supported by evidence than any competing theory. 46. Psychological Altruists believe that a. We never act on the basis of self -centered motives. b. People sometimes act unselfishly. √ c. Our actions are always selfish. d. Love is basically selfish. 47. Euthanasia is a. Flourishing; contentment. b. The pursuit of pleasure. c. Doctor-assisted suicide. √ d. The inability to feel pain. 48. Which of the following believes that the highest principle in medicine is to preserve life? a. The Euthanizer. b. The Functionalist. c. The Protector. √ d. The Absolutist. 49. The Euthanizer believes a. It is never acceptable to withhold treatment from a terminally ill patient. b. Euthanasia is sometimes morally permissible. √ c. Only voluntary, passive euthanasia is acceptable . d. Euthanasia will lead to anyone whose quality of life is diminished being put to death. 50. The Protector thinks euthanasia is acceptable under which circumstances? a. When the patient has lost all brain function. b. When it is what the patient’s family wants. c. When it is what the patient wants, if the patient’s wishes are known. d. Never. √ 6


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.