ENG 251, Literary Terms Definitions
ENG 251, Literary Terms Definitions ENG 251
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by wisegirl465 on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENG 251 at Brigham Young University taught by Dr. Mike Taylor in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Intro to English Studies in ENGLISH (ENG) at Brigham Young University.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Beyond the key terms and theories presented by you and your class colleagues, you will also be required to be familiar with the fundamental key literary terms listed below for your first midterm. You should be familiar with the basic definition of each term and be able to identify examples of each. 1. Antagonist: The villain of the story, who acts in direct opposition against the protagonist. 2. Climax: The highest point of action in a story 3. Denouement: The resolution of the story 4. Foreshadowing: Subtle hints which indicate certain events or elements in the text that follows. 5. Motif: A recurring object, concept, or idea throughout the story that may or may not be connected to theme. 6. Persona: the narrator of the story when the author impersonates a character to tell the story. 7. Point of view: The range of characters who narrate the story. 8. Protagonist: The hero of the story, who usually represents the morals or ideals the author wishes to uphold. Usually the main character who narrates the story. 9. Setting: the time, place, and circumstances in which a story begins 10. Allegory: An extended metaphor told in the style of a story in which each character, object, and idea represents something else (usually idealogical) which relates a moral. 11. Analogy: A comparison between two things 12. Euphemism: polite, indirect words or phrases which replace an unpleasant or offensive alternative (to pass away). 13. Irony (verbal, situational, dramatic): Happens when the opposite of what is expected actually occurs Verbal: The use of words to mean something different in context than their literal definition or usage (sarcasm). Situational: Events that occur differently than expected by both the reader/viewer and the characters. Dramatic: Events that occur differently than expected by characters in the story. 14. Metaphor: A comparison that directly relates one thing to another, typically with the word “is.” 15. Oxymoron: A phrase that appears to contradict itself yet makes sense in the context (cruel kindness, living death). 16. Pathos: A rhetorical device used designed to invoke emotion in the reader/listener. 17. Simile: A comparison that directly relates one thing to another using the word “like” or “as.” 18. Synecdoche: Symbolism in which a part of something represents the whole thing, or viceversa. 19. Tone: The writer’s attitude toward the subject or audience. 20. Assonance: A poetic technique in which words close together have similar vowel sounds. 21. Consonance: A poetic technique in which words close together have similar consonant sounds (tonguetwisters). 22. Onomatopoeia: Sound words 23. Rhythm: the “beat” of a poem; how it flows. 24. Drama: A type of literature that can easily be performed – because it usually told through dialogue – containing character conflicts. 25. Elegy: Poetry organized in elegiac couplets (one line in hexameter, the next in pentameter) which laments the death of an individual 26. Essay: A short prose composition which analyzes and interprets a specific single subject according to the author’s opinion. 27. Fairy tale: A short story involving fantastical elements such as dragons, dwarves, elves, magic, or mermaids 28. Myth: A story designed to either 1) explain a natural phenomenon or 2) teach an important moral to humanity through divine intervention. 29. Ode: A lyrical poem addressing (in praise) a certain subject often in an elevated style with an irregular meter. 30. Parable: A story similar to an allegory designed to teach a certain lesson in which each element of the story represents something else. 31. Satire: The technique used by authors to expose and ridicule people or society through the use of humor, irony, and/or exaggeration. 32. Sonnet (Italian, English, Spenserian): A lyrical poem written in fourteen lines of iambic pentameter, usually in an expressive tone directed to a certain subject or person. Italian: A sonnet into two sections, the first 8 lines long with an a b b a rhyme scheme, and the second section of 6 lines which has two different rhyme schemes. English: A sonnet which consists of three fourline groups, each developing similarly related ideas on a certain subject through the whole sonnet, in an alternating rhyme scheme and a rhyming couplet which denotes the message as foreshadowed by a tone shift. Spenserian: A sonnet which is divided among three fourline groups, each developing a certain idea concerning related to the other quatrains of the sonnet and consisting of an alternating rhyme scheme, and a rhyming couplet which denotes the message as foreshadowed by a tone shift.
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