Music As a World phenomenon Study guide- test 1
Music As a World phenomenon Study guide- test 1 Mus 22121
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kathryn Notetaker on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Mus 22121 at Kent State University taught by Marjorie T. Rounds in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Music as a world phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Music as a World Phenomenon Study Guide Test 1 Musical concepts are highlighted in Yellow Cultural considerations are highlighted in green Oceania (Australia, Papua New Guinea) Aborigines- oldest consistent culture Animism- belief that there is spirit in everything, when a person dies they are still around in spirit Dreamtime- concept of creation, a state of mind Didgeridu-circular breathing Lamellophone- idiophone with a tongue or tongues Nomadic-no fixed home, moves from place to place, hunter/gatherer Susap- mouth harp, twang timbre Totemism- belief that you have spiritual kinship with an animal Surrogate speech- disguises speech, susap acts as one. common to courting rituals South Asia (North & South India, Pakistan) Alap- a melodic improv which develops into a raga Aradhana- an act of glorifying God Bols- mnemonic syllable which defines the tala Carnatic-South India, more ancient musical style Caste System-social order Gat- South India, a fixed melodic composition Guru- North India, a teacher Hinduism-South India, predominant religion Hindustani-North Indian culture Kriti- South India, hindu devotional poetry set to music, like hymns Mridangam- 2 head drum Raga- improv music Ravi Shankar- a star artist in india Santur- struck instrument Sarod- plucked instrument Shishya-the student of a guru Sitar- north inida,plucked instrument Tala- rhythmic pattern, the meter, 175 variations Tambura- North India, fretless plucked lute, four strings The middle east- islam,iran Arabic, sufism, juadaism Adhan- call to prayer Dastgah- precomposed music that’s treated with improv (like raga) Dervish-beggar Hajj- an annual Islamic pilgrimage to mecca Kanun- plucked instrument Mosque-place of worship Muezzin-the person doing a call to prayer Minaret-where the person doing the call to prayer would stand Mihrab-a window that faces east Ney-flute Sufi Dhikr-dance ceremonies (spinning) Tabla- Egypt, (darabukka/dombak) membrane instrument Takht Ensemble-Egypt, Musical ensemble Tarab- Turkey, spiritual ecstasy or oneness with allah Zakirler- Turkey, Sufi Men’s chorus General Musical Concepts Accent-making it louder, emphasizing a beat Aerophone- any instrument that you have to make a buzzing noise with your mouth Chordophone-strings vibrating Free rhythm- the pulse is there, but it is not that apparent Idiophone- instruments that vibrate itself Melodic Contour- it goes up and down or stays, by step, the way a melody moves Melodic rhythm- the rhythm of a melody Melismatic-many pitches per syllable Syllabic- one pitch per syllable Unison- all singing in 1 pitch Sachs/Hornbostel-a system to classify all musical instruments Acapella- voice only Listen to these tracks: CD 1 o track 1- Australian aborigine song with didjeridu o track 2 – Papua New Guinea courting song o Track 5 – Hindustini Raga o track 6 – classical South India song CD 2 o track 6- Islamic call to prayer o track 8- Datsgah of Shour-iran o track 9 – Takht ensemble-egypt o track 10- Dhikr ceremony, Sufi hymn from turkey
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