RLST 206 Exam #1 Study Guide
RLST 206 Exam #1 Study Guide RLST 206
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elyse Jenkins on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to RLST 206 at Towson University taught by Dr. Barry M. Gittlen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
RLST 206 Dr. Barry M. Gittlen Exam #1 Review Sheet – Scripture and Tradition Vocabulary to know: 1. Tanakh (Judaism) – Oldest scripture; an acrostic standing for Torah, Nevi’im, and Ketuvim; commonly used by Jews to refer to the Hebrew Bible; community has given it authority This is the Jewish Canon 2. Torah (Judaism) – Hebrew for “teaching;” first five books of Moses; teaches how to live properly Cultic Law – The way your religion tells you to practice worship (Leviticus) Social Law – How to act properly in a community (Exodus, Numbers, Deuteronomy; 10 Commandments) 3. New Testament (Christianity) – Second oldest scripture Starts from new covenant – supersedes old covenant based on law of Moses This is the Christian Canon Faith replaces law 4. Qur’an (Islam) – Third oldest scripture; “to recite/to proclaim;” Muhammad’s revelation Revealed on oral forms and later written down by scribes Made up of 14 suras (chapters) This is the Islamic Canon 5. Gospels (Christianity) – Four books of Christian scriptures that narrate the life and work of Jesus; “Good news” Salvation based on faith; no need for old laws Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John John is the last one chronologically 6. Canon – List of books that is considered authoritative scripture its community 7. Talmud (Judaism) – Hebrew for “learning;” commentary on oral (civil and social) law Contains Mishnah and Gemara – oral Torah, Jewish law today 8. Mishnah (Judaism) – Hebrew for “repeated tradition” One part of the Talmud Foundation of rabbinc law 9. Sura (Islam) – Chapter of the Qur’an 10. Hadith (Islam) – “Report” (saying) of something Muhammad said or did 11. Halachah (Judaism) – The law as it continues from the other two scriptures 12. Oral Tradition – When a message is broadcast by mouth 13. Mount Moriah (Judaism) – Where Isaac was to be sacrificed; where King David brings the Ark of the Covenant Also known as the “Temple Mount” 14. Temple Mount (Judaism) – Where the temple was built by Solomon “The Rock” on Mt. Zion – top of the mountain Dome of the Rock – where Muhammad ascended 15. Ka’aba (Islam) – Meccan shrine to many deities; black monument located in Mecca Included YHWH (al Rahman) and the Christian God Allah was included there (creator God; three daughters) 16. Holy Sepulcher (Christianity) – Where Jesus is believed to have been buried Church built over it 17. Minaret (Islam) – Part of a mosque; tall tower Location where call to prayer was initiated 18. Dome or the Rock (Islam) – Place where Muhammad ascended to heaven in his “Night Journey” 19. Revelation – God revealing something from the divine world to someone 20. Prophecy – The revealed word of God spoken through a prophet about future events 21. Prophet – The person through which God uses to tell a community about impending events 22. Scripture – A written document that a community holds to be the sacred word of God 23. Tradition – Something that preserves centuries of accumulated judgments about the value of certain beliefs and behaviors 24. Exegesis – Interpretation Usually applied to sacred texts 25. Interpretation – The point of view of someone who writes down oral law or prophecy 26. Ezra (Judaism) – A priestly scribe who’s writings pointed towards the building of the new covenant 27. Origen (Christianity) – A scholar from Alexandria who outlined three layers of meaning in scripture 28. Hillel (Judaism) – Palestinian rabbi; president of the Sanhedrin and interpreter of biblical law; disagrees with Shammai st 29. Shammai (Judaism) – A Jewish scholar of the 1 century; disagrees with Hillel 30. Judah ha-Nasi (Judaism) – A rabbinic sage who also served as Rome’s governor of the Palestinian Jewish community; compiled the Mishnah 31. Rashi (Judaism) – French rabbi; author of commentary on Tanakh and Talmud 32. Wycliffe/Luther/Calvin (Christianity) – Protestant reformers 33. Bethlehem (Judaism/Christianity) – City of Jesus’ birth Located in central Israel Church of the Nativity (Christianity) Rachel’s tomb (Judaism) 34. Damascus (Christianity) – Where Paul became Saul Located in Israel 35. Hebron (Judaism) Burial site of patriarchs and matriarchs of Jews (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob) 36. Jerusalem (Judaism/Christianity/Islam) Solomon’s temple, “The Rock” (Judaism) Jesus’ crucifixion/burial, Church of the Holy Sepulcher (Christianity) Muhammad’s ascension from “The Rock,” The Dome of the Rock (Islam) 37. Mecca (Islam) Ka’aba – Black moument Muslims turn towards it to pray 38. Medina (Islam) – Where Muhammad died and is buried 39. Tarsus (Judaism) – Roman province during the time of Paul 40. Orthodox – Branches of a religion In Judaism – Jewish Orthodox In Christianity – Eastern Orthodox/Roman Catholic In Islam - Wahhabi 41. Protestant (Christianity) – Branch of Christianity 42. Uthman (Islam) – Man who married one of Muhammad’s daughters; only one from a high class 43. Sufi (Islam) – A Muslim mystic 44. Kabbala (Judaism) – A Jewish mystic 45. Abraham (Judaism/Christianity/Islam) In Judaism – Jewish patriarch In Christianity – Patriarch In Islam – Builder of the Ka’aba 46. Isaac (Judaism/Christianity) In Judaism – Jewish Patriarch In Christianity - Patriarch 47. Jacob (Judaism/Christianity) In Judaism – Jewish Patriarch In Christianity – Patriarch 48. Moses (Judaism/Christianity) Leader of the Israelites out of captivity in the Exodus Receiver of the 10 Commandments 49. Paul (Christianity) Used to be called Saul Changed name when he became a Christian Spread Christianity 50. Muhammad (Islam) Only Muslim prophet Revelation was the Qur’an Make sure to study pg. 53 of the blue book, as those are our possible essay questions. The answers can all be found throughout the first three chapters.
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