Test 1 Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ghost21 on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 77695 at George Mason University taught by Ro in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/29/16
Religions of Asia Dr.Ro World Religions: Eastern Traditions Test 1 Study Guide [Hinduism] Religionreligioreigare=link Creation Traditions at a glance -950 million-1 billion followers -primarily in India -Supreme being: “The Ineffable Brahman” (Oxtoby 28) -Authoritative Text: Vedas -teachings: human soul as immortal, believing that when it reaches liberation it will be freed from karma and rebirth The Vedas -Vedas: Sanskrit knowledge -concept of ‘existence’; of being and non-being -collection of four sections Rig Veda Sama Veda Yajur Veda Atharva Veda hymns/directions for the performance of sacred rituals(Brahmanas) philosophical works: Upanishads -Atharva Veda used for incantations and remedies to ward off illness and evil spirits Creation Hymn, Rig Veda 10.129 -expresses wonder at creation of universe from nothing, when ending with idea of possibility that none know how it came to beineffable -elements of the universe said to come from sacrifice: Mind came the moon Eye came the sun Indra (warrior god) and Agni from mouth Wind came from breath Navel came space Head came the sky Feet came the earth Ears came the four directions o “Thus the worlds were created” (Oxtoby 36) Mouth came the priestly class Arms came the rulers Legs came the producers Feet came the servants o Origins of the four classes Varnas Upanishads a. Rethought and reformulated early hymns and sacrificial rituals b. Takes from of conversations (philosophical) between teacher and student c. Karma (“action”) refers to system of rewards and punishments attached to actions i. Concept of continuous cycle of death and rebirth—reincarnation (Samsara) ii. Freedom (moksha) of cycle requires transforming experiential wisdom 1. Thru wisdom, achieve immortality Atman and Brahman a. Relationship between human soul (Atman) and Supreme Being (Brahman) Side Notes -“Name” identity symbol. Power in a name. (Asian countries, most do not name children after ancestors. Giving out name very serious) -Three levels of universe: Celestial (Varuma) Atmospheric (Vishna) Terrestrial (Indra) “Rta”—cosmic rule/order/reason -Types of theism Monotheism—belief in one and ‘only’ one god Polytheism—belief in more than one god Pantheism—god in all things Henotheism—belief in one god out of many -Purusa Sukta—idea that human being has relationship with universe energy (connected/related) -Yoga (yoke)—reintegration; Moksha--liberation -Samsara—Process of reincarnation (“world which we live”) -Samyasa—to become no one -Samyasim—renunciation Patamjali Yoga -moral Yama—what you should not do Niyama—what you should do -physical Asamas (posture) Lotus Posture -Thinking inward process concentrationmeditation”Samadhi” (contemplation) The Three Ways to Liberation 1. The way of action 2. The way of knowledge 3. The way of devotion Caste and the Laws of Manu -Caste brahmins (priests) kshatriyas (rulers, warriors) vaishyas (merchants) shudras (servants) outcastes (groups officially excluded from caste system) The Hindu “Trinity” -trimurti (three forms) Brahma Vishnu Shiva (God of destruction) Coalesce in one form with three faces (represented as equal) [Additional Notes]
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