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HISTORY study guide #1

by: Madeline Todd

HISTORY study guide #1 HIS 2365

Marketplace > Baylor University > History > HIS 2365 > HISTORY study guide 1
Madeline Todd
Baylor University
GPA 3.23

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About this Document

these cover some tips and some key points for the test
History of the United States to 1877
Thomas S. Kidd
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madeline Todd on Friday September 30, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIS 2365 at Baylor University taught by Thomas S. Kidd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see History of the United States to 1877 in History at Baylor University.


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Date Created: 09/30/16
Study Guide for History  Test on 10/4/16 Tips for studying and test taking!  Read through notes if you have not done so already. Don’t rely only on my notes/ study guide.  Your own wording is helpful.  Quizlet is wonderful, but consider writing hand notecards. The act of writing it out helps your  brain retain the info better. Have a smelling hand sanitizer or cologne as you study. Use it again when you’re in the test. It  helps to retrieve information. Review a bit each night before the test! Ask questions and connect the reasons for events occurring. The essay questions will require you to do this, so you might as well take the time to think deeper about it now. Where did we begin? Events began occurring that would lead to the formation of the United States in the  Middle Ages.    ­Also ask yourself  why then? And in what way did it happen. Marco Polo 1  person mentioned. Son of Venitian Merchant in China. This lead into the “Trade  Spirit of Rome” conversation. Trade caravans become less profitable with bandits and a central  Asian toll. ­> Istanbul was the last self identified”Roman” city in this business. But when Turks  ran it over in 1453 that connection between countries died.  Key Points, in order of Mention­ therefore chronological with an exception. 1480­ Early States or Kingdomws Forming. Portugal becomes Maritime to inherit trade with China. 1488­ Portuguese round the tip of Africa (when no one knew how far down it went before) into  Indian Ocean. 1492­ Ferdinand and Isabella had driven the last of the Moors (muslim population) out of spain  and into Africa. Full Iberian Peninsula control.  Christopher Columbus­wanted to be a sailor, knew of changing war and knew how to  read sextant (renaissance star navigational tool) was sure HE was the only one correct about  earth size. 6 week estimate to go to China. Nope. 6 weeks­ hit Canary Islands. Ships supplied by  F&I to either get more money to surpass Portugal or never see him again. Aztecs are big and  most dominate and civilized people that Spanish has run into in the area. Treasure to  Mercantilism­ Economic system in which society gears itself. Organizing force. If you want  wealth you have to get it. This is what leads to colonies. Bring in wealth. 1776­ competitive between empires­STpain now in lead with Aztec treasure. Portugal responds  with making colony in brazil.  (1  COLONY SPOKEN OF IN CLASS) England­ Doesn’t have mercantialism yet. 1500s. Queen Elizabeth is the one to ring it in.  They don’t have  a navy either.  Phillip 2­ next big Spanish monarch. DON’T LIKE EACHOTHER – protestand and catholic tension. Typical. Francis Drake, John Hawkins and raleign= sea captains that raid Spanish ships on own dime  “privateer” name will be coined later­ they establish idea to create a port near coastline of  caribean to make it easier to hit ships an not connect them to England. ROANOKE­ base to be made by spain 1587 a boatload sent.  1588­Spanish Armada built to take on English. Every citizen an boats to fight. Broke up armada,  storm, blew to north sea. Ruined Roanoke plan. No one told them, and the colony disappeared.  Joint Stock Company­ plant colonies with buisneess owners­ Virginia Co of Plymouth, and one  of London. 1600 – recruitment tactic (self interest­ fortune)­ not people to sustain and perpetuate colony.  John Adams, babysitter of men, Army captain. Jamestown 1607­ tobacco since no gold  (branding, success) Recruit strategy change. Pay their way­ land incentive. Wealthy familys. Creates plantations.  Bring in indentured servants (rich don’t do hard labor) 1617 Efficiency problem­ house of burgesses formed. Councilmen by people. Englands board  still has supreme veto power.  1620/21 turned corner 1622 Indians attack – 1  Tidewater war.1/4 pop died, 10 years.  Eliminating pop tactic changed colonists idea of warfare.  1642 William Barkley appointed for abour 30 years. Indians attack again. 2 years this time.  Treaty Signed for a 30 year fixed boarder. Indentured servant system good. They now stay as farmers or move and sell land granted to them after service. 1660’s tobacco prices fall­ more land needed by plantation owners, less land profit given.  Bacons Rebell­1676 wants renegotiation of boarder treaty. Jamestown gets burned. Ex  Indentured servants join the fight­ rethink indentured servant system. BRING IN SLAVES­ not  to areas that don’t have plantations.  Back up timeine. (THE EXCEPTION TO MY BEGINNING NOTE) 1517 Martin Luther­ church  was universal first with Catholicism. Luther  recognized relationship with God importance and seperates and creates followers  too. Henry the 8  wants divorce to have a boy. Pope wont grant so he makes his own branch  of Catholicism to justify a divorce. When that goes to the colonies it becomes Anglicanism.  Puritans not a fringe group. Existed in all levels of society to purify church. The fringe group of  them were called sepratists. Sepratists viewed the church as unfixable. Eventually their whole  group wants to pay their way through Virginia Co of Plymouth to live in new world. Great for  Buisness. **** This why is very important. Think about this. How does this shape colonial life  and impact the growth/future of the colonies. 1620­ Mayflower Compact. Pledge to set up society together. Puritan disdain for  seperatists (turning backs on God) Charles 1 , becomes kind. Mary catholic­englands puritans nervousl parliament and Charles  fight a lot.  1629 King dismisses parliament. Puritans then justify going to America to “take the church with  them”­ Virginia Co­ king tore up their charter. John Winth­ city  on a hill speech. Largest  Migration to massechucets. 1630 Education 1636 college for training preacher’s est. Harvard. Puritans brought the very civilized  world. Roger Williams­ preacher­ charismatic­ relational freedom idea.  Different from puritans. (see  what puritans believe about the individual in religious freedom. ANN HUCHINSON Colonies  then popped up around old large ones, in order to specify religious practice. 1630S­ No colony for catholics. Mary Complains. Charles 1 is indifferent but pleases wife.  MARYLAND created. Same cash crop so same culture..  The Common Wealth. 1642 civil wards broke out. Parlimentarians win, begins time without  monarch. When that is no longer satisfying, queue the restoration­ Charles 2 found, and restoration  colonies such as Pennsylvania form  from “society of friends” – quakers. Carolina down south. Next main colony. Dutch and swedes then check out new world. Hudson  river­ dutch. Then called newamsterdam.  Anglo and dutcch­ commercial business oriented and create area that then gets named New  York. Becomes hub for trade and business.  Don’t worry about new jersey and Delaware JOHN LOCKE AND ISSAC NEWTON JL­ right to be alive, of liberty, private property. (contract theory of government.) Great Awakening Johnathan Edwards­ preacher. Rationalistic. George Whitefield­ Old Lights and New Lights due to style difference. Celebrity.  Relationship with puritans? Whats the significance here? = Baptists and Methodists. Style choice is everything.  Ben Franklin 1690’S­ WILLIAMS WAR 1702 QUEEN ANNES WAR (England and france rivalry) ­ Effects colonies by waging their own war***** review your notes heavily. This is  basically when colonies will look back later and say hey, englands not looking out for us. Injustice.  o Fort Lewisberg 1744 KING GEORDGES WAR FORKS OF THE OHIO­ George Washington. French control of area, seek to expand?? Need to  control ohio country. Review the battle and georges mistake. “valley” 1754 lead back in shame General Braddock brought in. – slow and methodical and dies.  ALL OTHER NOTES ARE MORE RECENT AND CAN BE RECALLED IN YOUR OR MY  NOTES. KEY POINTS HIGHLIGHTED AND UNDERLINED. This beginning should be  enough to help understand what is important and establish the true goal the professor wants is for us to make connections and understand the order of events. How everything is tied to one  another. 


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