bio 151 study guide 1
bio 151 study guide 1 BIO 151
Cal State Fullerton
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sandy Myint on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 151 at California State University - Fullerton taught by A. Miyamoto in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 109 views. For similar materials see Cell and Molecular Biology in Biology at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
APPLICATIONS AND UNDERSTANDING ON THE EXAM : -Know the number of covalent bonds that can be formed by hydrogen , nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, and sulfur. -Identify the 6 common types of functional groups -In addition, be ready to draw the chemical structural formula of: • a single amino acid with a generic R group (Fig. 3.2) • a 2-amino acid di-peptide (Fig. 3.6) -If given a 5-carbon sugar, a nitrogenous base, and a triphosphate, be able to draw the chemical structure of an intact nucleotide. -If given 2 nucleotides, be able to draw a proper phosphodiester bond. -Be ready to discuss these experiments: • Pasteur’s experiment (Fig 1.2) • Chemical reactions response to temperature and concentration (Fig 2.22) EXAM MATERIAL COVERED BY CHAPTER: (starts next page, one chapter per page) -IMPORTANT NOTE: Use the vocabulary below to identify what you are responsible for in each chapter. For instance, in chapter 1, while you are responsible for fitness you are not responsible for adaptation. 1 Chapter 1: Text: Figures 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 In Section 1.5 you are responsible for “The Nature of Science” and from the Null hypothesis through “Important Characteristics of Good Experimental Design”. You are not responsible for Scientific Names in Section 1.4 or the two experiments in Section 1.5. -Blue Thread and Check Your Understanding - Pasteur’s experiment (fig 1.2), end of Section 1.3, gene DNA sequences to determine diversity (fig 1.4), prokaryote and eukaryote cell size (fig 1.6), and end of Section 1.4 -Summary of Key Concepts - 1-5, of 5, including Blue Thread questions -Test Your Knowledge-questions 1-5 -Test Your Understanding -questions 1, 2, 5, 6 -Applying Concepts to New Situations -question 1-4 -Vocabulary: artificial selection inherited traits (heritable) cell natural selection cell theory null hypothesis conclusion phylogeny control(s) population domain prediction energy prokaryotic cell eukaryotic cell replication (properties of life) evolution results fitness species hypothesis tree of life information processing variation, genetic 2 Chapter 7: Inside the cell Text: -Figures 7.1, 7.3, 7.5, 7.6, 7.21. Summary tables: 7.1 (How do the structures of Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes differ) and 7.2 (Eukaryotic Cell Components) -Sections 7.1-7.3. You are not responsible for figures 7.14, 7.15 or the accompanying text. You are also not responsible for “The Dynamic Cell” in Section 7.3 (although there are some very interesting facts that you might be interested in). -Blue Thread and Check Your Understanding -end of Section 7.2 and Fig 7.21 -Summary of Key Concepts -Key 1 (of 4 total), including Blue Thread questions -Test Your Knowledge-question 1 -Test Your Understanding -question 1 -Vocabulary: cell wall mitochondrion centrioles morphology chloroplast nuclear envelope chromosome nucleoid cilium nucleus cytoplasm organelle cytoskeleton peroxisome cytosol photosynthetic membranes DNA plasma membrane endomembrane system plasmid endoplasmic reticulum (ER) ribosome flagellum rough ER gene smooth endoplasmic reticulum (smooth ER) Golgi apparatus vacuole lysosome 3 Chapter 2: Chemical Basis of Life Text: Figures 2.1, 2.7, 2.8, 2.10, 2.13, 2.18, 2.21, 2.22, 2.23, 2.25, Table 2.3 -Blue Thread and Check Your Understanding -all, except for the experiment on temperature and concentration -Summary of Key Concepts -1-5 (of 5) including Blue Thread questions -Test Your Knowledge-questions 1-6 -Test Your Understanding -questions 1, 3, 6 -Applying Concepts to New Situations -questions 1-2 -Vocabulary: acid hydrogen ion adhesion hydronium ion amino group hydrophilic anion hydrophobic atomic number hydroxide ion base hydroxyl group buffer ion carbon ionic bond carbonyl group kinetic energy carboxy group neutron cation noncovalent bond chemical bond nonpolar covalent bond chemical energy orbital chemical evolution organic/organic molecule chemical reaction pH cohesion phosphate group covalent bond photon electron shell polar covalent bond electronegativity potential energy element products endergonic proton endothermic reactants energy second law of thermodynamics enthalpy (H) solutes entropy (S) solution exergonic solvent exothermic spontaneous reaction first law of thermodynamics sulfhydryl group free energy (G) surface tension functional group temperature Gibbs free energy change (ΔG) thermal energy heat thermodynamics homeostasis valence shell hydrogen bond valence electrons 4 Chapter 3: Protein Structure and Function Text: Figures 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.10, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, Table 3.2, 3.14, 3.17, 3.18, 3.20, 3.21 -Blue Thread and Check Your Understanding -all -Summary of Key Concepts -1-4 (of 4) including Blue Thread questions -Test Your Knowledge-questions 1-6 -Test Your Understanding -questions 2-6 -Applying Concepts to New Situations -question 4 -Vocabulary: α(alpha)-helix macromolecule activation energy monomer active site non-ionized allosteric regulation peptide amino acid peptide bond β(beta)-pleated sheet polymer catalysis polymerization catalyst polypeptide chemical equilibrium primary structure competitive inhibition prion condensation reaction protein dehydration reaction quaternary structure denaturation R-group disulfide bond reaction kinetics enzyme secondary structure folding sickle cell anemia function side chain hydrolysis substrate hydrophilic tertiary structure hydrophobic transition state induced fit van der Waals interactions ionized 5 Chapter 4: Nucleic Acids Text: Figures 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.6, 4.7, 4.9, 4.10, Table 4.1 -Blue Thread and Check Your Understanding -all -Summary of Key Concepts -all 4, including blue thread questions -Test Your Knowledge-questions 1-6 -Test Your Understanding -questions 1-6 -Applying Concepts to New Situations -question 1-3 -Vocabulary: Nucleic acids Deoxyribonucleotides Nucleotides Phosphodiester linkage Phosphate group DNA 5-carbon sugar RNA Nitrogenous base Antiparallel Adenine Complementary base pairing Guanine Stability Cytosine Double helix Thymine Template strand Uracil Complementary strand Pyrimidine Catalytic Purine Information-containing Ribonucleotides Structure 6
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