New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

hesc 342 study guide exam 1

by: Sandy Myint

hesc 342 study guide exam 1 hesc/knes 342

Sandy Myint
Cal State Fullerton

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

study guide for first exam
Stress Management
Karen Fazio
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Stress Management

Popular in Department

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sandy Myint on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to hesc/knes 342 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Karen Fazio in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 76 views.


Reviews for hesc 342 study guide exam 1


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/01/16
Stress  Management  Midterm  1       1. Stress   • Psychological  and  physiological  reaction  to  a  read  or  perceived  threat   that  requires  some  action/  resolution     • Survival  mechanism-­‐  heightened  internal  awareness  of  danger,   transform  all  of  body’s  resources  to  heightened  state  of  readiness     2. Stress  related  disease  %  :  75-­‐90%   3. Stress  related  disease  people  suffer   • Asthma,  diabetes,  high  blood  pressure  and  cholesterol,  alzehimers,   sexual  dysfunction,  anorexia,  cancer,  sores   4. Homeostasis  vs  allostasis     • Homeostasis:    stabilized  internal  environment   • Allostasis:   o  the  physiological  and  psychological  adaptation  to  threats/   harmful  situations  .       o more  wear  and  tear,  less  ability  to  cope  with  future  stressors   if  stress  continues     5. General  Adaptation  Syndrome     • 1.  Alarm     o 1  exposure,  acute  stress=  disrupts  homeostasis  =  leads  to  a   series  of  physiological  reactions  in  the  autonomic  and   endocrine  systems     • 2.  Resistance     o continued  exposure  to  stressor=  sustain  life  as  long  as   resources  are  available  by  body  adaptations  and  coping   mechanisms     • 3.  Exhaustion=  permanent  damage=  can  lead  to  illness/  death     6. Body  changes  in  fight  or  flight     • Raised  heart  rate,  raised  blood  pressure  and  raised  glucose   • Eyes  dilate,  muscles  tense,  heavy    breathing,  sweat     • Digestive  and  immune  system  shut  down     • Adrenaline  surge,  blood  coagulation     • Inhibit  sexual  desire  and  reproductive  capability     7. 4  stage  model  of  stress  management  and  prevention     • 1.  Life  situation/  chronic  stressors   o no  control  over  certain  stressors-­‐  choose  and  know  how  to   respond   • 2.  Perception  and  evaluation     o same  stressor,  different  reaction  –  because  perception/   personality  type     • 3.  Stress  response     o emotional,  psychological,  physiological  response  to   perception     o endocrine  and  autonomic  nervous  system     • 4.  Consequences     o prevention=  more  effective  than  management     o small  changes  lead  to  big  effects     o don’t  count  on  magic  to  solve  probs   o tailor  a  program  to  your  schedule,  needs  and  means     o develop  comprehensive  plan  for  your  stress  prevention  and   management     8. Eustress  vs  Distress   • Eustress:  good  stress,  inspires/  motivates  you     • Distress:  negative/  harmful/  destructive  stress   9. Symptoms  of  PTSD   • Flashbacks,  nightmares,  insomnia,  loss  appetite,  headache,   depression,  relationship  problems,  stuck  in  flight  or  fight     • Smaller  hippocampus=  healing  compromised     • Battle  fatigue   10.Limbic   • Area  of  brain  responsible  for  controlling  emotional  responses     11.Amygula     • Structure  brain  that’s  first  activated  during  fear  response     12.Sympathetic  nervous  system  vs  parasympathetic  nervous  system     • Sympathetic:     o ON-­‐  flight  or  fight     o Pupils  dilate,  thick  saliva,  slow  GI  movement   • Parasympathetic     o OFF-­‐  body  relax   o Pupils  constrict,  thin  saliva,  fast  GI  movement     13.Stages  of  human  development     • 1.  Infancy  (birth-­‐3)     • 2.    Early  childhood  (3-­‐6):  defensive  coping  strategies,  withdrawal,   isolation,  start  reasoning  skills,  overgeneralize     • 3.  School  age  (6-­‐12):  indirect  coping-­‐  seems  like  acting  out,  violent,   poor  school  behavior     • 4.  Adolescent  (  13-­‐18):  friends=  more  influential  than  fam     • 5.  Early  adulthood(19-­‐23)     • 6.  Young  adulthood  (24-­‐38):  friendships,  social  network,  selecting   partner,  college,  career     • 7.  mid  life  (39-­‐50):  fam,  multiple  roles,  create  meaningful  life,  realize   mortality     • 8.  later  maturity  (51-­‐65)  :ageism,  retirement     • 9.  Old  age  (66-­‐  death)   14.serious  warming  signs  of  possible  suicide     • suicide  =  leading  cause  of  deaths  (15-­‐24  yo)     • mood  swings,  anxiety,  depression,  obsessive  thinking,  family  history   of  suicide,  previous  attempts,  suicidal  thoughts,  plan?  Resources   15.transactional  model  of  stess  (Lazaro)     • greater  emphasis  on  cognitive  appraisal/  perception  (mediator   between  internal  and  external  event)     • stress=  transaction  between  internal  and  external  event     • 1.  stressor  leads  to     o primary  appraisal  (whats  happening)  OR     i. perceived  severity,  casual  focus     o secondary  appraisal  (what  you’re  gonna  do  about  it)     i. perceived  control  of  outcome/  emotions     • 2.  Coping  effect   o problem  management   o emotional  regulation     o meaning  based  coping     • 3.  Outcomes  of  coping     o emotional  wll  being     o functional  status     o healthy  behaviors     16.Classical  conditioning    (pavlov/  hans)     • Ring  bell  +  food  =    dog  connects  bell  with  food  and  salivates  when   hears  bell     • Fears=  paired  w/  other  stimulus  in  environment=  get  same  reaction   later     17.Operant  conditioning  (skinner)     • Give  candy  to  kid  to  be  quiet=  reinforcing  bad  behavior     • Response  stimulus  learning     18.Causes  of  depression   • Overwhelming  stress  leads  to  feeling  helpless  and  powerless     • Biological,  or  because  certain  medications/  medical  conditions     19.Emotional  intelligence     • Ability  to  identify,  use,  understand  and  manage  emotions  in  a  positive   way     20.Somatization     • Expressing  experience  of  stress=  not  appropriate  in  some  culture     • Reporting  bodily  symptoms  that  reflect  stress=  ok  (  head  hurts,  etc)     21.Causes  of  diabetes  (type  2)     • Lack  of  physical  activity   • Poor  nutrition     22.Unintended  pregnancies  :  50%   23.bracing  :unnecessary  muscle  contractions-­‐  like  bracing  for  an  accident     24.episodic  stress:  longer  periods  of  intermitted  depressions,  anxiety  disorders   and  emotional  distress     25.hypertension  :  34%  adults  deals  with  it       26.Reactions  to  stress     • Physiological     o Heart  palpitations,  sweat,  dry  mouth,  fatigue,  insomnia     o nausea,  dizzy,  loss  appetite,  high  blood  pressure,  weight   loss/gain,  infections     • psychological   o impaired  memory,  disorientated,  unrealistic  demands,   disastrous,  not  logical,  externalized  blame,  obsessive,  lose   humor,  suicidal,  excessive  fantasies     week  1  video     o avoid  sugar     o lifestyle  issues     o nutritional  gaps    


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.