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UWEC / Psychology / PSY 100 / What is the difference between sensation and perception?

What is the difference between sensation and perception?

What is the difference between sensation and perception?


School: University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire
Department: Psychology
Course: Intro to Psych
Professor: Douglas matthews
Term: Fall 2016
Cost: 50
Name: Exam #1 Study Guide
Description: Here is a study guide with the list of terms/concepts that we covered in lecture for the first exam. I also included questions you should be able to answer under some concepts.
Uploaded: 10/01/2016
4 Pages 7 Views 13 Unlocks

Psychology 100­001: Exam #1 Study Guide 

What is the difference between sensation and perception?

Beginning Psychology: 

∙ Where did psychology begin?

∙ Structuralism 

∙ Functionalism

∙ Behaviorism 

o How are environments and behaviors related? ∙ Freudian Psychology

o Unconsciousness

o Humanistic Psychology

o Cognitive Neuroscience

∙ Nature Vs. Nurture

o What are the causes of behavior?

o How does culture affect our behavior?

∙ Levels of Analysis

o Social­Cultural

o Biological

o Psychological

∙ Basic Psychology Research

o What is the focus of basic research?

∙ Applied Psychology Research

o What is the focus of basic research?

∙ Yerkes­Dodson Law

o Ex: Finals Week

∙ Critical Thinking

o What are the perks?

o What are the steps?

o Life Experiences

o Sense Perception 

What is the focus of basic research?

o Observation

∙ Scientific Method

o What is a theory?

o What is a hypothesis?

o Experiments

 Experimental Group

 Control Group

 Independent Variable

 Dependent Variable

o Group Selection

 Population

 Samples

 Bias

o Analyzing data

 Central Tendency

 Variability

 Significance

∙ What is significant difference?

o Correlation

 What is a positive correlation?

 What is a negative correlation?

o Surveys, Interviews & Case Studies

 What are the differences between them?

Bio Psychology: 

∙ Split Brain 

∙ Organelles

o Nucleus

o Mitochondria

o Golgi Apparatus

o Ribosome

o Endoplasmic Reticulum

o Bi­lipid Membrane

o Lysosomes

∙ Genetic Influences

What are the steps in critical thinking?

o Phenotype If you want to learn more check out anth 202 concordia

 What is observed?

o Genotype

 What genes are present? We also discuss several other topics like reglows

∙ Neuro­cyto­architecture

o Dendrites

o Soma

o Axon Hillock

o Axon

o Node

o Myelin Sheath

o Terminal Button

∙ Action Potential

o How does it start?

o Be able to draw it out Don't forget about the age old question of multiarticulate

o What channels are opened/closed?

∙ Conversion of AP to Chemical Information o Neurotransmitters

o Synapse

o What are four things that can happen to a neurotransmitter in  the synapse?

∙ Nervous System

o Central Nervous system

o Peripheral Nervous system

∙ How do drugs work?

∙ Brain function/behavior

o Lesions

o Reversible Lesions


o CT Scan

o PET Scan

o MRI fMRI Don't forget about the age old question of 222 hebrew meaning

∙ Neuroanatomical

o Cerebral Cortex

o Thalamus

o Hypothalamus

o Optic tract

o Amygdala

o Pituitary Gland

o Hippocampus

o Brain stem

o Spinal Cord

o Cerebellum

o Pons

o Reticular Formation

o Limbic System

o Cerebrum

o Medulla

∙ What is the frontal lobe?

∙ What is the occipital lobe?

∙ What is the temporal lobe?

Sensation vs. Perception: 

∙    Sensation

o Biological or Cognitive? Don't forget about the age old question of plasma membrane lipid bilayer
If you want to learn more check out ” What are some key differences between the “medical model” of health versus the “population health” model?

o How do things from the outside world get into our brains? o How does it work?

∙    Perception

o Biological or Cognitive?

o How does our cognition process a given sensation?

∙    Transduction

o What is it?

o How does transduction work?

∙    Threshold

o Absolute 

o Difference

 Weber’s Law

∙    Adaptation

∙    Bottom Up vs. Top Down

o What are they?

o Which one is more common?

∙    Vision

o How does transduction work with vision? o What are the receptors involved?

o Bipolar Cells

o Horizontal Cells

o Amicron Cells

o Do any channels get opened/closed? ∙    Neural Pathways

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