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MSU / Engineering / SO 1103 / Why is there variability in definitions of social problems?

Why is there variability in definitions of social problems?

Why is there variability in definitions of social problems?

Description

School: Mississippi State University
Department: Engineering
Course: Contemporary Social Problems
Professor: Laura kerr
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Introduction to Sociology
Cost: 25
Name: Exam_I___Study_Guide_social_problems.pdf
Description: These notes cover all of the info for exam 1
Uploaded: 10/01/2016
4 Pages 39 Views 2 Unlocks
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Exam I Review Social Problems, 08 Instructor: Ashley Vancil-Leap


Why is there variability in definitions of social problems?



∙ General tips:

o BRING A PEN

o Exam Date: Thursday, September 22, 2016

o Exam is 50 multiple-choice questions (worth 5 points each)  

o Material from Understanding Social Problem chapter readings, lectures (i.e.  power point slides, & videos) and documentaries are open for  

examination.  

∙ Studying Social Problems – Chapter 1

o Be able to define & understand what these terms and concepts are:  What a social problem is.

∙ Objective criteria/elements of social problems & examples of ∙ Subjective criteria/elements of social problems & examples of  Why is there variability in definitions of social problems?


What is the sociological imagination and how do we use it to study social problems?



 What are the elements of social structure?

∙ Define and provide examples of: Institutions, Social Groups  

(both Primary and Secondary groups), Statuses (both  

ascribed, achieved, and master statuses), and Roles  

 What are the elements of culture?

∙ Define and provide examples of: beliefs, values, norms  

(folkways, laws, and mores), Sanctions (positive informal,  

positive formal, negative informal, and negative formal), and  

Symbols

 What is the Sociological Imagination and how do we use it to study  social problems?

 Define what a theory is.

 Define and be able to explain the following theories:


What metaphor best explains this theory?



We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of the leaf area index (lai)?

∙ Structural-Functionalist Perspective

o What the 3 types of function?

o What metaphor best explains this theory?

o Define and explain the two theories of Structural

Functionalism that explain for social problems:

 Social Pathology

 Social Disorganization

∙ Conflict Theory

o Who is Karl Marx?

o Define and explain the 2 theories of Conflict Theory  

that explain for social problems: We also discuss several other topics like What is the difference between the old and new definition of mass media?

 Marxist Conflict Theory

 Non-Marxist Conflict Theory

∙ Symbolic Interaction

o Who is Max Weber?

o What is the looking glass self?

o Define and explain the three theories of Symbolic  

Interactionist that explain for social problems:

 Blumer’s Stages of Social Problems

 Labeling Theory

1

Exam I Review Social Problems, 08 Instructor: Ashley Vancil-Leap Don't forget about the age old question of What is magnetic resonance imaging used for?

 Social Constructionism

 Know the stages of conducting a research study:

∙ Formulating a Research Question

∙ Reviewing the literature

∙ Defining variables (both dependent and independent  

variables)

∙ Formulating a hypothesis

 Know the different types of data collection

∙ Experiments, Surveys (Interviews, Questionnaires, web-based surveys), Field research, and secondary data research

∙ Crime and Social Control – Chapter 4

o Be able to define & understand what these terms and concepts are:

 Social Deviance (both  informal deviance and formal deviance)

 Social Cohesion If you want to learn more check out How do you identify a dna binding protein?
We also discuss several other topics like What was happening in europe in the 16th century?

 Feminist Criminology  Racial Profiling

 Recidivism

 Punitive Justice

 Rehabiliative justice  Social Control

 Normative Compliance

 Informal Social  Sanctions

 Formal Social  Sanctions

 Street crime

 White-collar crime  Corporate crime  Vice crime

 Organized crime  Computer crime

 How does the Structural-Functionalist Perspective study deviance? ∙ Mechanical solidarity & organic solidarity

 How does the Conflict Theory Perspective study deviance?  What is Robert Merton’s strain theory and who are Conformists,  Innovators, Ritualists, Retreatists, and Rebels?

 How does the Symbolic Interactionist Perspective study deviance?

∙ Labeling theory ∙ Primary &  We also discuss several other topics like What is yale's approach to an attitude change?

Secondary  

deviance

 Explain why it is difficult to measure crime rates over time? 

∙ Economic Inequality – Chapter 6

o Be able to define & understand what these terms and concepts are:

 Economic inequality  Wealth vs. Income

 Stratification

 Ontological equality 2

Exam I Review Social Problems, 08 Instructor: Ashley Vancil-Leap

 Equality of  

opportunity

 Equality of condition

 Equality of outcomes

 Socioeconomic Status  

(or SES)

 The Income Gap

 Social Mobility

 Poverty

 Absolute Poverty vs.  

Relative Poverty vs.  

extreme poverty

o Why is inequality in wealth significant?

 Multidimensional  Poverty Index

 Recession

 Culture of Poverty  Theory

 The Poverty line  Feminization of  poverty

 Working-poor  Who are the 1%  Who are the 99%

o How does Structural-Functionalism view stratification/economic  inequality?

o How does Conflict Theorists/Karl Marx view stratification/economic  inequality?

o How does Symbolic Interactionist/Max Weber view stratification/economic  inequality?

∙ Work and Unemployment – Chapter 7

o Be able to define & understand what these terms and concepts are:

 Creative class

 Capitalism

 Socialism

 Globalization

 Corporations

 The Gender Wage Gap

 Industrialization

 Postindustrialization

 McDonaldization

o How does Conflict Theorists  

like Karl Marx theorize the  

transition to capitalism?

o How does Symbolic  

Interactionist like Max Weber

3

 Unemployment

 Underemployment

 Job exportation

 Offshoring

 Outsourcing

 Child labor

 Sweatshops

 Job burnout

theorize the transition to  capitalism?

o What are the employment  concerns for recent college  graduates?

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