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Music 262 Exam 3 Study Guide

by: Sydney Furth

Music 262 Exam 3 Study Guide Music 262

Marketplace > Washington State University > Music 262 > Music 262 Exam 3 Study Guide
Sydney Furth
GPA 3.8
Music 262 Rock Music: History and Social Analysis
Brian Carter

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Music 262 Rock Music: History and Social Analysis
Brian Carter
Study Guide
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sydney Furth on Tuesday March 31, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Music 262 at Washington State University taught by Brian Carter in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 151 views.


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Date Created: 03/31/15
Music 262 Exam 3 Study Guide The British Invasion The timing was important early 1964 America was starving for direction The British resurrected the music we ignored The product was more sophisticated yet still ruckus English teenagers were breaking away in the 60 s America did this in the 50 s Skiffle music Atame brand of pop folk music and traditional jazz taken from the New Orleans style this music was popular in England in the 50 s King of skiffle Lonnie Danegan Changing social behavior brought change in the music British bands turned to Elvis Chuck Berry Little Richard and others Initial important Facts about the Beatles Leading group of pop history Able to change music history through all facets Musical style Fashion Social Behavior Early influences Skiffle music Moved rock music to sophisticated levels through 60 s and 70 s Can be broken into 3 distinctive periods The early period Pop style Love songs Driving beatup tempo Covered other tunes by other artists Honed their skills on classic rockers Berry Little Richard Buddy Holly etc Hamburg Germany became their training ground performed 7 days a week The early period recordings The first album Please Please Me was recorded in 13 hours all at once 1st album represents a typical set at the cavern The group released 2 albums per year from 196365 Wide range of covers 4 albums fall in the early period Beatles for Sale shows the transition period From the beginning Lennon and McCartney were not equal in writing their songs American releases are different from the British releases February 9th 1964 they came to America 1st performance Ed Sullivan Show in front of 73 million people The 1st four albums Please Please Me With the Beatles AHardDay sNight Beatles for Sale The middle period More acousticfolk elements Dylan influence Introspective style emerges Individuality more evident Social statements in songs Next 2 albums Help and Rubber Soul Music selections You ve got to Hide Your Love Away Lennon 10 First time they called in outside musicians to play instruments they could not play The late period Use of studio techniques Music more individualized More artistic composition Added instrumentation Drug influenced The White Album titled The Beatles is ironically the least collaborated album of the groups output The late period includes the last 7 releases Revolver Sgt Pepper Magical Mystery Tour Yellow Submarine The Beatles White Album Let it Be and Abbey Road Fun Facts Lennon and McCartney composed many songs that provided other performers with hits George Martin has been referred to as the 5th Beatle producer Ringo Star is respected by many drummers and musicians for his excellent time keeping John Mayall and the Blues Breakers Known as the elder statesman of British Blues The finishing school for a large group of blues rock artists Players overshadowed Mayall s capabilities An adequate singer and multiinstrumentalist Brought out the best from the other younger players Provided a context for them to play in the Chicago Blues style The Yardbirds The starting point for ClaptonBeckPage Began as an RampB cover band Early recordings with Sonny Boy Williamson Branched out into moodyexperimental rock Early pioneers of psychedelic music Became a breading ground for guitar effects Known for ad hoe jams called raves Name taken from album entitled Having a Rave up Raves Mix of RampB with extended guitarharmonica passages Blues with a fierce drive to the music The Animals Eric Burdon Second only to the Rolling Stones in influence among RampB based bands Origins are traced back to Newcastle The Kansas City Five Like the Stones the Animals were booked into the Crawdaddy Club in London Group went through various changes after 1966Disbanded in 1969 Eric Burdon went on to join the group WAR The Kinks Began as RampB blues band The most staunchly English group of all Lyrics more quintessentially English Pete Townsend Brought the English proper into the music 39 Known as the precursors of heavy metal and punk rock Later known as the power chord playing Set the stage for the 70 s late 60 s rock The Marvalettes Motown s only real girl group Marvin Gaye Shy performer Originally a session drummer at Motown Become one of Motown s most enigmatic and consistently popular acts Career can be broken into two stages Stage one 1963 1971 39 Worked with all the Motown production staff 39 Found medium tempo shouters to be successful Stage two 1971 1984 Became a composer himself Liberated him from Gordy s studio system 39 Captured the social sign of the times in his composition Pensive and introspective style Returned to love songs in an erotic form 39 Shot to death by his father in 1984 The Four Tops A cross between RampB and the Mills Brothers Music built around the lead singer Levi Stubbs Captured the mid 60 s Motown sound Nonstop hits for about 4 years in the 60 s The Temptations Arguably the nest vocal group in 60 s soul music Out dressed out danced and out sang everyone The closest to church and gospel roots One of the rst soul groups to move into psychedelic soul Diana Ross and the Supremes One of the most important female groups in rock history Motown s consummate commercial groups Twelve 1 hits No other female group has surpassed this H D H devised a medium tempo formula that accentuated Ross voice Her delivery had a carefree style The Supremes music is the purest eXpression of the Motown sound The key to the Supremes was Ross overshadowed the others in voice and looks The Jackson 5 Motown s last great act Fronted by 10 year old Micheal He danced like a mini James Brown Jackson 5 transcended all race and age barriers Their talent was real Rare Earth Motown s premiere white rock and soul band Motown s eXperimental assault on the rock market Sold over 10 million records worldwide Labeled Blue Eyed Soul Steve Wonder Most successful artist in Motown s history Born Steveland Morris May 131950 Blind since infancy and lost sense of smell in a car accident in 1973 Introduced to Berry Gordy by Ronnie White from the Miracles 11 years old when he signed with Tamla records Novelty at beginning Played bongos harmonica and had energy Quick learner growing up in Motown 1st big hit was Fingertips Part 2 age 12 1st live recording to hit 1 in rock history Signed Sealed and Delivered 1970 was his 1st production work Gained control of his nances at age 21 120 page contract with Motown made business history Higher royalty rates and complete artistic freedom By the 70 s Wonder was playing most of the instruments on his albums Signed a 7 year contract with Motown for 13 million Today Wonder produces writes music including music for several movie soundtracks ob Dylan Most important American contributor to rock music after its conception Not commercially staggering artistic signi cance Leader of the folk movement 196263 Grew popular in NY in the early years college campuses Leading in uences Woodie Guthrie and Hank Williams Music re ects social awareness of race and human injustice 1st poet of the mass media Two distinctive time periods Acoustic and electric This implies folk and rock are separate Dylan shows that folk IS rock Fusion of country folk blues rock and roll and poetry both ancient and new The music is raw His nasal insistent voice has been a trademark his entire career Album notes printed in lower case ee cummings His lyrics have been discussed in English classes Personal writings and lyrics contain assortment of references to History literature poetry international affairs and modern art Acoustic period 1st album The Times They are A Changin 1963 39 Was his most overt protest album Excellent representation of his early period Many songs written from news reports 39 Seen as period work 39 Gives the feeling of the dust bowl era 39 Grapes of Wrath The Times They are A Changin 1963 39 Became an anthem to frustrated youth 39 Summed up the anti establishment feelings of people 39 Those people later became known as hippies Many of the lyrics were based on the civil rights movement Electric Period Illustrates wit 39 Music was a catalyst for the drug culture and the Vietnam war Lyrics never intended to be pure poetry 39 1965 1966 world tour booed worshipped and debated Captured in the lm Don t Look Back 39 Dylan s electric band went on to form The Band Robbie Robertson 39 Set the scene for folk rock 39 Followed by the Byrds and Buffalo Spring eld Subterranean Homesick Blues Dylan s 1st top 40 hit One of Dylan s 1st electric pieces 39 Possible 3 way reference to 39 Chuck Berry songs Too Much Monkey Business Rif ed up rock and roll history Jack Kerouac s 1950 novel The Subterraneans 1958 novel about the beat generation 39 GuthrieSeeger song Taking it Easy mom was in the kitchen preparing to eat sis was in the pantry looking for some yeast Like a Rolling Stone Lyrics based on a short story written by Dylan About a debutante who becomes a loner when she falls out of high society 39 Critics considered it to be Dylan s magnum opus Dylan Just a rhythm thing on paper all about my steady hatred directed at some point that was honest Many speculate the song is about either Edie Sedgwick or Joan Baez The Byrds 39 Group synthesized Dylan and The Beatles 39 Distinctive sound using the 12 string guitar All members but 1 from a folk style background Dylan s composition Mr Tambourine Man 1965 39 Declared to be the 1st folk rock hit in rock history 12 string guitar sound became a trademark sound 39 Beatles Ticket to Ride inspired the sound and feel Other Dylan and Pete Seeger tunes also reworked 39 Eight Miles High 39 Unusual harmonies 12 string erce soloing sitar in uencedJohn Coltrane Banned for its drug suggestion Herald as the rst drug tune and led 60 s music to the psychedelic period aka Acid Rock Buffalo Spring eld For What its Worth 39 One of the most representative sounds of the 1960 s Written by Stephen Stills during the aftermath of the infamous Sunset Strip riots of 1966 1967 39 Song put Buffalo Spring eld on the national map Commonly labeled as a protest song More in the folk tradition of singing news


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