SOC 201 Exam 2 Study Guide
SOC 201 Exam 2 Study Guide Soc 201
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tessa Peak on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Soc 201 at Northern Virginia Community College taught by Dr. McHellen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Northern Virginia Community College.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
SOC 201 Study Guide Ch. 3 & 4 1. Which theorist believed that nature had more of an impact on human development than nurture? a. John. B Watson b. Sigmund Freud c. Harry Harlow d. Jean Piaget 2. Which of Herbert Mead’s stages involves acting like specific people, such as a nurse or doctor? a. Imitation b. Play stage c. Game stage d. Take the role of the generalized other 3. After research was done with rhesus monkeys, what conclusion was able to be drawn about the connection between social isolation and infants? a. It is important for adults to cradle infants affectionately. b. Once interaction is introduced, the person is able to bounce back after a period of time and continue on with their lives normally. c. By about six months, isolation caused irreversible emotional and behavioral damage. d. Both A and C are correct. 4. What is the key to developing the self, according to Mead? a. Learning to take the role of the other b. Looking inward to discover who you truly are, and building upon what you find c. Due to the self being present at birth, a person must simply grow and develop normally to develop their self d. Imitating everything a person does and doing your best to become like them 5. Which of the following statements about the self is not correct? a. The self develops only with social experience. b. By taking the role of the other, we become selfaware. c. The self is present at birth. d. Children’s self emerges through play. 6. What theory was John. B Watson credited for? a. Behaviorism b. Structural functionalism c. Symbolic Interaction d. Conflict 7. What was a major finding in Harlow’s experiment with rhesus monkeys? a. When placed with an artificial wire mother and supplied with milk, the monkey was able to not only survive but also interact with other monkeys. b. When isolated with an artificial mesh mother, the monkey showed equally as much damage in social settings as it did with the wire monkey. c. When completely isolated, even with proper nutrition, the monkey’s development was seriously impacted, causing it to become anxious and fearful. d. Isolation did not have an impact on the monkey and instead it was the lack of proper nutrition that caused the monkey to experience deficits. 8. A person’s fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling a. Socialization b. Personality c. Conformation d. Social identity 9. Mead’s term for widespread cultural norms and values we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves a. Generalized other b. Superego c. Id d. Personality development 10. Which of the following is an example of a significant other? a. Parents b. Neighbor c. Boss d. Cousin 11. According to mead, which part of the self is the subject, which is active and spontaneous a. Lookingglass self b. I c. Me d. Developmental self 12. Which influences are likely to differ from mass media? a. Family b. School c. Peer groups d. All of the above 13. What is gerontocracy? a. The study of aging and the elderly b. Prejudice and discrimination against older people c. A form of social organization in which the elderly have the most wealth, power and prestige d. Category of people with something in common, usually their age 14. Which of the following is an example of a total institution? a. School b. Hospital c. Prison d. Workplace 15. Which is not a distinct stage of dying? a. Resentment b. Denial c. Negotiation d. Resignation 16. Fill in the blank: A person occupies a(n) _____ and behaves a(n) ______. a. Role; status b. Status; role c. Actor; stage d. Stage; actor 17. Which is an example of an ascribed status? a. College graduate b. President c. Criminal d. Princess 18. The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance a. Dramaturgical analysis b. Ethnomethodology c. Social construction of reality d. Social interaction 19. Tension among the roles connected to a single status a. Role conflict b. Role set c. Role strain d. Role exit 20. Which of the following is not one of the six basic emotions expressed worldwide according to Paul Ekman? a. Happiness b. Anger c. Disgust d. Jealousy 21. What happens by maintaining a sense of humor? a. We can assert freedom and are not prisoners of reality b. We can avoid putting other people down c. We can avoid conflict, as humor brings people together d. We are able to understand all sorts of jokes 22. According to Arlie Hochschild, what does the typical company try to regulate? a. Personal relationships b. Behavior of employees c. Emotions d. Both B and C are correct 23. What is tact? a. Discomfort following a spoiled performance b. “Losing face” c. Helping to idealize our intentions d. “Saving face” 24. What is not included in performance? a. How we dress b. Hand gestures c. Tone of voice d. Objects we carry 25. The study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings a. Social media b. Presentation of self c. Ethnomethodology d. Idealization 26. Situations that are defined as real are real in their consequences a. Reality b. Nonverbal communication c. Action and reaction d. Thomas Theorem 27. Which sociologist came up with the idea of ethnomethodology? a. Freud b. Garfinkel c. W. I. Thomas d. Goffman 28. Which is an example of a status? a. Athlete b. Teenager c. Boyfriend d. All of the above 29. The process by which people act and react in relation to others status a. Status set b. Achieved status c. Master status d. Social interaction 30. Social background, location, culture, film, and interests help shape how we ___ a. See our surroundings b. Interact with others c. Participate in social media d. Nonverbally communicate Answer Key 1. B 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. C 6. A 7. C 8. B 9. A 10. A 11. B 12. D 13. C 14. C 15. A 16. B 17. D 18. A 19. C 20. D 21. A 22. D 23. D 24. B 25. C 26. D 27. B 28. D 29. D 30. A
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