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IR Review

by: Elysia Leos

IR Review POLS 2303

Elysia Leos


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About this Document

Topics of IR theory: Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism. Treaty of Westphalia balance of power etc.
Intro to International Relations
Study Guide
International, relational, Politics, treaty
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elysia Leos on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 2303 at Schreiner University taught by Dr.Grillo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Relations in Liberal Arts at Schreiner University.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
IR Review IR Theory (e.g. realism, liberalism, constructivism assumptions, etc.)  Realism- Oldest theory; dates back to ancient Greece. Focus: states and anarchy; “strong dominate weak”; war occurs when there is no balance of power. Thomas Hobbs Other theory’s derived from this theory Assumptions 1. No central authority above states. Anyone in world politics cab attack, unless under int’l law. 2. States gov. that exercises sovereignty. Nothing above states. 3. Rationality-states know what their interest are. Look @ power relative to other states. 4. Unitary- giving states attributes of a person 5. Security-top priority, if not, you’re not following a rational foreign policy.  Liberalism- War occurs b/c of poverty, miscommunication, etc.; set institutions (treaties, int’l org, etc.) to get out of security dilemma. Assumptions 1. Individual is the center of everything 2. Belief in own natural right 3. Focus on human agency 4. Find other way to operate other than anarchy 5. Peace is the preference 6. Int’l cooperation is KEY 7. set institutions (treaties, int’l org, etc.) to get out of security dilemma.  Constructivism- late 1980’s early 1990’s Assumptions 1. Challenges fundamental assumptions of IR. 2. All other theories focus on material things. 3. Argue that everything is social. *allow human agency 4. Identity 5. Social Structure (Int’l system) 6. Anarchy doesn’t mean anything; it’s what states make of it. 7. There is int’l society, we do poses social norms, and law & rulesestablish possibilities. 8. Most states follow rules most of the time 9. Interest can change, because identity can change. 10.States identity can change as they interact. Mercantilism/Mercantilist Era (1492-1815)- Pre-capitalist form of economic system; set of idea that work because we all believe it. State of empire is the center, and money and power is measured by accumulation. This lead to the American Rev. and the establishment of colonies. Benefit own state with tariffs Treaty of Westphalia (Why is it important for IR?) (1648)-treaty that ended 30 yrs. War. Important b/c it locked down modern state system and set up sovereignty.  religion cannot be reason for war, borders could not be crossed, gov. supreme authority Levels of analysis (system/structure, state, and individual/group)- Individualism Liberalism Realism, Neo-Realism Marxism Constructionism (For system structure go to the top of review) Balance of Power- Only mean to peace and stability (how to avoid war; realist theory); Internal balance of powerstate can ensure military service and security. External balance of poweralliance among countries.  Security dilemma- “arms race” that can be turned into an alliance. Anarchy- Idea that the world lacks any supreme authority or sovereign; there is no hierarchically superior, coercive power that can resolve disputes, enforce law, or order the system of int’l politics. Complex interdependence- Were internal policies of two or more states are connected with one another.


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